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Education Under the Shari'ah

In the Islamic State, schools, institutions and universities which were previously set up and run by the foreign imperialists and their agents, such as Aitcheson College, Lahore, St Joseph's School, Dhaka, St Johns Institution, Kuala Lumpur etc. will be shut down. These are institutions deliberately set up to indoctrinate young Muslims with non-Islamic ideas to implant in their minds ‘awe’ of the Western way of life.

The Islamic State will have its own media department, which it will use to propagate Islam and the Islamic values throughout the world and refute all the lies and misconceptions that have been propagated by the disbelievers. All the latest technological and scientific means of communications, such as satellite, electronic mail, teleconferencing etc. will be tapped, used and explored by the state in its quest to educate the citizens of Khilafah. Foreign media sources like BBC World Service, CNN, Al Jazeera etc., which exist in the Muslim world to confuse, attack and divert Muslims from Islam will be banned. 

Mass media, TV, Radio, newspapers, books and conferences are the existing means which can be used within the Islamic State. No permission is required to set up any of the above, provided what they propagate is within the bounds of Islam.

Today the Muslim world is plagued by astonishingly high levels of illiteracy, e.g. Pakistan and Bangladesh. The Messenger of Allah (saw) tackled head on the issue of illiteracy amongst Muslims. For example, he (saw) made the ransom of each non-Muslim prisoner at Badr to teach ten Muslims how to read. The Islamic state would strive to ensure every Muslim thus turns into either a scholar (mujtahid) or a learner (muttabi'i).

During most of Islamic history, every major city within the Khilafah possessed public and private libraries. Libraries such as Cordoba and Baghdad boasted collections of over 400,000 books. Arabic became the most important scientific language due to translation of works of Aristotle, Plato, Pythagorean School, Greek astronomy, Ptolemy and Euclid. Muslim scholars discussed and refuted many of the ideas of these ‘scholars’, e.g. Imam Ghazali's 'Tahafut al-Falasifah' ('Refutation of the Philosophers') and Ibn Taymiyyah's 'Kitaab ul Ibtal' ('Book of Invalidity').

The Muslims use of the Zero, which was previously absent in mathematical sciences enabled great advances, solving problems that for centuries remained unsolved. Muslim mathematicians devised and developed algebra, and the concept of algorithms were thought up (and named after) Al-Khwarizmi, a famous Muslim scholar who lived in the Islamic State.

The Khilafah state would ensure the provision of free education to every male and female (Muslim and non-Muslim) at both primary and secondary levels. Education at higher levels would be encouraged and the state would help in funding those who wish to do so as much as possible.

Muslim physicians developed many surgical instruments to perform operations, as well as describing countless other aspects of medical science, for example:

Al-Razi used alcohol as an antiseptic, and found a treatment for smallpox in the 10th century; Ibn al-Nafis described the minor circulation of blood in the 14th century; the words 'Retina' and 'Cataract' derive from Arabic. Muslims were expert in ophthalmology, and explained the workings of the eye, and devised surgical procedures to remedy cataracts during the 13th century (all CE).

The Muslims were the most advanced in the world in fields such as: mathematics, geometry, optics, astronomy, medicine, physics, natural sciences, engineering and many others.

The Khaleefah Haroon al-Rasheed would punish parents who had not ensured that their children had learned to read and pronounce Arabic. He also provided financial incentives for any, who would teach, learn, propagate in the various fields.

Definitely, just from a brief glimpse at the education system under the shari’ah, one can ascertain its superiority and necessity for the betterment of mankind in general, Muslim and non-Muslim.

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