16 March 1999
Source: http://www.epacepp.com/ceppnew.htm

US EPA Region III 1999 CEPP Conference on Chemical Terrorism

Listed below are some of the various paths to "Make a Difference" and just some of the topics that will be presented at this year's conference.


Counter-Terrorism: Yes, It Can Happen Here

Weapons of Mass Destruction/Counter-Terrorism (WMD/C-T)

E. Martin Powell

The federal government’s involvement in the Weapons of Mass Destruction/Counter-Terrorism (WMD/C-T) program has been extensive during the past year. This presentation will educate the public, first responders, and other governmental agencies on EPA’s efforts and provide a status report on the EPA activities which have been dedicated to preparing for and responding to incidents of this nature. The presentation will include EPA Region III’s role in the WMD/C-T program, training, exercising, planning, and outreach and what is in store for the future.

Oklahoma City - What Did We Learn?

Don Haldimann

The objective of this session is to demonstrate to conference participants that law enforcement and public safety entities can coexist and effectively work together at a criminally conceived disaster scene. The discussion will include the need for education between public safety organizations; developing working/training relationships prior to a critical incident; and developing and acknowledging the ability to compromise on the disaster scene in order to accomplish specific organizational goals. Examples will be provided from personal experience in investigating bombing incidents on the east coast in the 1980s and early 1990s; the World Trade Center bombing in 1993; Oklahoma City in 1995; Olympic Centennial Park and TWA Crash in 1996; and the Atlanta bombings in 1997 where secondary devices targeted first responders.

A Major Fire Department's Role in Terrorism

Phil McArdle

This seminar is designed to give an overview of the Fire Department of New York's (FDNY) capabilities in responding to and operating at terrorism incidents which have involved weapons of mass destruction. Topics of discussion will include: what needs upgrading on hazardous materials response teams; how back up units and support systems were developed to support major operations; how a tiered response to these types of incidents works; the development of chemical protective clothing companies and the rational behind such units; and, why EMS systems need to be integrated into all HAZMAT terrorist responses.

Role of the Police During a Terrorist Incident

Dave Nobles

A discussion of the role and responsibilities of the first responder in the area of a terrorist incident according to 29 CFR 1910.120. Most responders are familiar with these responsibilities as they correspond to a HAZMAT incident, but how does the role of a first responder change from basically "watching a fire and putting it out" to a major disaster with mass casualties, mass panic, and an on-going criminal investigation. The discussion will also include the differences between a regular criminal and a terrorist, and the different types of threats that may be encountered during an incident.

Terrorism and Emotional Crisis Reaction

Leon C. Schenck, Gregory Nelson, and Carolyn Gravely-Moss

This is a panel discussion involving the emotional reaction of the victim, terrorist, and negotiator in a crisis situation. The discussion will include factors which influence the emotional crisis reaction during a perceived terrorist situation, the capacity to evaluate and process information under the stress of a crisis, belief system, fears and phobias, and coping mechanisms.

Traumatic Incident Emotional Crisis-Defusing and Debriefing

Carolyn Gravely-Moss

The presentation will provide information on the emotional responses from the personnel involved in a crisis situation including the factors which influence productivity during an emotional crisis, the emotional crisis state, interveners observation, and the defusing and debriefing process.

Chemical Weapons - What They Are, How They Came to Be, and What Can Be Done

William Dee

The presentation will look at the development of chemical weapons, first as weapons of war and recently as potential elements of terrorism. As will be demonstrated, the concept of chemicals to inflict mass injury or death is far from new. Most of even the most toxic materials predate World War II, so why is the concern about chemical terrorism just now reaching a crescendo? What is different today and what can the emergency services in municipalities around the country do about it? This session will examine the translation from warfare to terrorism and provide impressions of our ability to cope, as well as thoughts on areas of effort where improvement is needed. The mythology surrounding these weapons of mass destruction and the complimenting realities will be discussed.


Fedral Facilities

HAZMAT Resources of the Air National Guard Available to Communities

Lt. Col. William Albro

The Air Force's Hazmat Response Program

Greg Noll

This workshop will provide an overview of the U.S. Air Force hazardous materials emergency response and training program. Topics will include training program options and components, personnel certification, and emergency response operations at the base level.

Section 112(r), Military Challenges and Successes

David A. Reed, Ph.D.

Defense facilities faced many challenges implementing the Section 112(r) Risk Management regulations. Issues such as supply and delivery of material made large differences in the overall safe handling and utilization of Section 112(r) listed substances. Coordination among a diverse group of people including safety, process, environmental, fire, public affairs, legal, and process supervisors/operators was difficult at times. Most installations, however, have triumphed over these challenges and incorporated changes such as the Federal Integrated Contingency Plan, process material substitution, and/or risk management subcommittees that report directly to the base Commander. The presentation will discuss the challenges, successes, and lessons learned from military implementation of this regulation.

Army National Guard Capabilities During Hazardous Materials Incidents

Col. Richard J. Matason

This presentation will include a discussion of the capabilities of the National Guard in responding to hazardous material incidents. The Guard’s most recent response capability is the Military Support Detachment (MSD), also known as the Rapid Assessment Initial Detection (RAID) Team. The MSD/RAID’s mission is to support the civilian authority by rapidly deploying to the site of a suspected weapons of mass destruction (WMD) incident. The team will assist the incident commander in detecting and identifying the WMD agent and assessing the situation and the need for military assets. The Pennsylvania National Guard is uniquely qualified to be the first military responder during times of crisis and emergency. By following proper protocol these resources can be accessed in times of emergency.

Regional Response Team III and How it Connects to You

Presented by the Region III RRT Outreach Workgroup

How does the network of interagency and intergovernmental relationships work when coordinating response activities to a real or potential oil or hazardous chemical spill? State and local governments are the first on scene, and call upon the Federal On Scene Coordinator (OSC) when federal assistance is needed. Regional Response Teams (RRT) provide assistance to Federal OSCs, State Emergency Response Commissions (SERC) and Local Emergency Planning Committees (LEPC) and connect response communities to the National Response Team (NRT). Region III's RRT has many technical and communication tools to enhance planning, policy, and response. This workshop will tell you more!

US Coast Guard Strike Team

Integrated Contingency Plan

RMP for Federal Facilities

Enforcement Issues



Simulation Training - Multi Interactive Multi Media Simulator: Command and Control Training

Lawrence Hill

Jointly developed by the Hinton Forest Technology School, Canadian Interagency Forest Fire Centre (CIFFC) and the Alberta Microelectronics Centre, the Multi Interactive Multi Media Simulator (MIMMSTM) unit is a video laser disc-based, multi-person, interactive training system. This command and control training unit allows portrayal of real life disasters using imagery and sound, subjecting a trainee to the duress of crisis decision making. This unit is in training centers around the world.

The presentation will demonstrate a new and cost effective method to train command and control personnel involved in any major disaster - natural or man made. This new technology creates a simulation with far more realism than the table top exercise, while drastically reducing costs of a full-scale simulation exercise. Since all major disasters are managed in a team environment, it is critical to have a training system that incorporates the reality of multiple person interactivity. While the simulation is controlled by the trainer, the scenario unfolds in accordance to the decisions and strategies employed by the trainee.

Health & Safety-Training Challenges for Emergency Responders

Emergency Response Pocket Plans

The Federal Radiological Emergency Response Plan (FRERP) and the National Contingency Plan (NCP)

Air Monitoring Instruments

Robert Fisher

This presentation will include the basic physical concepts of how the combustible gas indicator, photoionization detector, and a multi-gas monitor works. It specifically highlights the theory of operation, calibration needs, common problems, battery pack maintenance to save money, and especially the limitations of use. A section is included which presents response factor estimation for the photoionization detector using a chemical’s ionization potential. This presentation has been made to government and industry environmental employees as well as to HAZMAT emergency responders, and all have found it to be new and useful material.

Federal Resources in Support of State and Local Government for Response to Radiological Materials Events Subtitle: 1997 Lost Source Exercise

A Major Fire Department's Role in Terrorism

Phil McArdle

This seminar is designed to give an overview of the Fire Department of New York's (FDNY) capabilities in responding to and operating at terrorism incidents which have involved weapons of mass destruction. Topics of discussion will include: what needs upgrading on hazardous materials response teams; how back up units and support systems were developed to support major operations; how a tiered response to these types of incidents works; the development of chemical protective clothing companies and the rational behind such units; and, why EMS systems need to be integrated into all HAZMAT terrorist responses.

Role of the Police During a Terrorist Incident

Dave Nobles

A discussion of the role and responsibilities of the first responder in the area of a terrorist incident according to 29 CFR 1910.120. Most responders are familiar with these responsibilities as they correspond to a HAZMAT incident, but how does the role of a first responder change from basically "watching a fire and putting it out" to a major disaster with mass casualties, mass panic, and an on-going criminal investigation. The discussion will also include the differences between a regular criminal and a terrorist, and the different types of threats that may be encountered during an incident.

HAZMAT Jeopardy

Robert Fisher

This presentation, which has been used as a final test for safety training courses and at fire fighter HAZMAT training programs, has been well received by past participants. An exhibit with an array of questions assigned dollar values will be displayed. There will be three teams assembled from conference presenters with each team having a hand button with a table light to indicate their wish to answer the question (similar to the TV Jeopardy game). The questions are in the following categories: Site Safety, Health, Chemistry, Right-to-Know, Safety, NIOSH, Monitoring Equipment, PPE, Hazard Class, Toxicology, and Confined Space. Following the game, the equipment will be presented and a discussion will include how to assemble and construct the presentation from locally available materials for less than $100.00.



Overview of the New U.S. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board

J. Patrick Conlon

In January 1998, a new independent non-regulatory federal agency began operations as the U.S. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board (CSB). Modeled after the highly respected National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB), the CSB's primary mission is to serve as a new resource in the effort to prevent chemical-related incidents (fires, explosions or toxic releases) in commercial and industrial settings. In his presentation, Mr. Conlon will describe the Agency's progress in establishing its safety programs, and lessons learned thus far about accident investigation, the universe of chemical incidents, and chemical accident prevention. Mr. Conlon will also review some case histories and touch upon the Agency's most recent safety recommendations.

Impact of 112R

William Finan

Risk Management Plans submittal to EPA is required by 21 June 1999. Mr. Finan will report on what has happened during the first three months after RMPs were to be submitted. How many RMPs came in? From what industry sectors? From what parts of the country? Are there any patterns? How are individuals, public interest groups, and government agencies using the RMP information?

Lodi, NJ Explosion - Case Study

Paul L. Kahn

In April 1995, workers at Napp Industries, a pharmaceutical manufacturing facility in Lodi, NJ, began to blend raw materials for a gold precipitating agent. More than 15 hours into a blending process that should have taken only 45 minutes, the water-reactive materials began to react, generating pressure inside the blender. Workers observed smoke and bubbling material coming from the top of the material inside the blender. Shortly thereafter a decision was made to empty the contents of the blender into 55-gallon drums. During the course of emptying the blender, an explosion occurred in which 4 employees were killed and as many as 12 other employees were injured. The resulting fire destroyed most of the plant and caused thousands of residents to be evacuated; a week later a 5th employee died in the hospital. A joint OSHA/EPA accident investigation was launched into the root-cause of the explosion. This presentation will discuss various aspects of the investigation as well as findings, conclusions, and recommendations for preventing a similar accident from occurring.

Risk Communications

Risk Management Program

Chemical Accident Prevention

Bill McHale and Presenters

The host of this session has lined up presenters from two different facilities who will be presenting case studies on accident prevention.

First is a speaker from Ashland Chemical Company, Philadelphia, PA who will discuss "Safe Automation of a Batch Polymerization Reactor".

The second speaker is from Wyoming Valley Sanitary Authority in Wilkes Barre, PA who will discuss "Upgrade of Chlorine Systems to Meet EPA RMP Program Requirements-Especially Alternative Case Scenarios."

Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act Enforcement Program Update

Carole Dougherty

Carole Dougherty, EPA Region III's Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act Coordinator, will discuss the EPCRA Program and its present focus .

Translating Good Works to the Bottomline

Dave Patti

Since the environmental movement began in the early 1970s, most firms have looked at Environmental Health & Safety (EH&S) issues as a "cost" to be minimized. Only more recently have firms come to view these projects and activities as a means to improve productivity, and reduce risk and business volatility. Financial analysts, insurance underwriters, and lenders have begun to reward these firms with better terms and increased recognition. Customers also have learned to appreciate the value-added of these activities. The net result is higher profitability and increased shareholder value. This presentation will discuss ways in which improved EH&S performance translate to the bottomline, and strategies for increasing competitiveness through best practices..

Quantitative Process Risk Screening Tool

Arlyn H. Poppen

A variety of methods and techniques have been developed to analyze processes for potential hazards that they present. Some government regulations specify which methods must be used under certain circumstances. In other circumstances, the selection and application of methods for hazard assessment is left to industry.

The Quantitative Process Risk Screening Tool (QPRS Tool) has been developed by 3M as a means of assisting both US and OUS facilities in evaluating and managing the risks associated with processes that use or store hazardous materials. The QPRS Tool allows review of potential on-site and off-site impacts of the use and storage of hazardous materials on employees, the adjacent community and the environment.

The analysis provided under the QPRS Tool provides management with semi-quantitative information in making sound business decisions regarding risk management. The Quantitative Process Risk Screening Tool is unique to 3M, but is based on hazard evaluation techniques which have been developed and used within industry and which are supported by industry groups.

Emergency Preparedness in Intel

James A. Wick

Mr. Wick will describe key risks and risk reduction strategies and programs in the high-tech Intel environment. These include a strong corporate value system, robust design and chemical approval processes, incident investigations, communications, emergency response teams, campus-based and mobile emergency operations centers, professional staff, extensive training for all levels of employees and management, and aggressive community outreach and interaction. Intel's performance in environmental health & safety is among the best in the industry.


Medical Preparedness

Saran Chemical Subway Incident-Patient Decontamination

Dr. Sadayoshi Ohbu

Are you ready?

You have a plan, you've practiced it, you think you're ready. But are you ready to handle 5,000 affected victims simultaneously?

One of the 1999 CEPP conference speakers we are most excited about is Sadayoshi Ohbu, MD of St. Luke's Hospital in Tokyo. Dr. Ohbu was the lead physician in planning and making decisions on the treatment of victims of the sarin poisoning on the Tokyo subway. On the day of the disaster, 641 victims arrived at St. Luke's. According to Dr. Ohbu, St. Luke's had a plan in place and regularly conducted disaster drills. The nerve gas attack was so unprecedented in nature and size that the plans were inadequate. St. Luke's had no means of handling such an extraordinarily large number of simultaneously affected patients.

The hospital was initially presented with a variety of problems - critically ill patients, several affected pregnant women, and secondary contamination of hospital staff. A significant long-term complication arose with almost 60% of victims suffering from continued psychological stress.

Dr. Ohbu is very enthusiastic about the conference and the opportunity to share his experience. In addition, to reviewing the details of the incident, Dr. Ohbu plans to present new data on the long-term effects of the poisoning. Emergency responders who have heard Dr. Ohbu lecture on the topic have reported that he is an excellent presenter. According to Dr. Ohbu, one of the major lessons learned was the importance of worldwide cooperation among professionals in managing and overcoming incidents of this magnitude. Don't miss this opportunity to get ready and Make a Difference!

Hospital Preparedness

An Overview of Hazardous Material Decontamination for Hospital Emergency Department

John Ingram and Francis Roth

This presentation will provide an overview of the training and equipment needed for a hospital to be prepared to provide decontamination to protect their facility and staff in the event of a hazardous materials incident. The discussion will include the use of proper receiving and handling of the contaminated patient, minimizing exposure, proper personal protective equipment and planning within the community. Individuals with responsibilities for personnel safety, emergency department personnel, physicians, hospital administrators, and facility managers will benefit from this presentation.


Emergency Planning Issues

LEPC Community Outreach Initiatives

Funding Unfunded Mandates

Panel-Public Relations Crisis Communications

LEPCs That Make a Difference

Community Preparedness

Marion Sloane

Community preparedness is the summation of all those activities associated with mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery operations. Community preparedness is a dynamic partnership, which includes government, public/private and business/industry entities. The primary focus of this presentation is to identify those factors that promote sound community preparedness. This presentation offers recommendations and possible solutions to formulating strategies that can lead to the achievement of a disaster resistant community.

Some of the issues covered in this presentation include tactical versus strategic planning, public and organizational policy issues, business resumption considerations, public safety considerations, public expectations, public information, emergency management training, and methods and procedures to conduct a community preparedness program evaluation.

To stress the importance of community preparedness, each participant will be given an opportunity to fill out a survey. Based upon the survey analysis, each participant will be given an opportunity to develop a community preparedness worksheet. The participant worksheets will serve as guide and assist participants in evaluating existing local community preparedness programs.

Great Lakes Commission

Thomas Rayburn

The Great Lakes Commission encourages and assists others to pilot unique approaches to contingency planning, spill prevention, and information dissemination. The Commission has been working with federal, state, local, and private groups to develop new ways of presenting contingency planning efforts. In the Western Lake Erie Basin, the Commission worked with U.S. EPA Region 5, USCG District 9, and Ohio EPA to develop the first Joint U.S. EPA/USCG Area Contingency Plan under the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (OPA). The Plan presented data at the federal level as a unified "One Plan" approach to working with jurisdictions split by federal response boundaries. In northern Michigan, the Commission assisted U.S. EPA in developing a federal response and contingency plan that is integrated and attached as an annex to the existing Local Emergency Planning Committee (LEPC) Plans for the 27 impacted counties. With these planning documents, the Commission is also developing response maps for environmental, economic, and cultural data under OPA and supplementing this information with special population data for Risk Management Planning. The work is being developed in a geographic information system (GIS) and made available to the planning and response community through hardcopy, CD-ROM, and over the Internet.

In addition, the Commission coordinates the Great Lakes Spill Protection Initiative (GLSPI). The GLSPI is a unique body comprised of federal, state, and private sector partners working to expand dialogue, cooperation, and outreach for cooperative approaches to environmental and economic protection from potential spill impacts.

Also, in an effort to encourage the best possible use of GIS tools and resources throughout the Great Lakes region, the Great Lakes GIS Online project was launched in 1997. The project’s focus is Internet-based spatial data sharing and mapping. The Great Lakes GIS Online project will help ensure timely access to spatial data, an important component of effective decision-making. It will also help build a solid foundation for interagency data sharing and collaboration.

Emergency Planning for the Disabled

Public Protective Action Decision-Making

Greg Noll

This workshop will examine the process of evaluating and selecting public protective actions at a chemical emergency. Emphasis will be placed upon tactical options (evacuation and protection-in-place), response scenarios, evaluation criteria, and implementation guidelines. Community alerting and notification options, as well as coordination between the Incident Command Post and the Emergency Operations Center, will also be discussed.


Transportation Initiatives

Mitigating Marine Hazmat Incidents

The Rail Industry Today: A Move Toward Prevention-Based Hazardous Materials Transportation Safety

H. R. "Skip" Elliott

There has been much discussion over the last several years concerning the transportation of hazardous materials by rail. The merger of several major rail carriers has prompted a close look at how well the railroads do handling millions of carloads of hazardous products and wastes each year. Compounding this close scrutiny has been the occurrence of several recent major rail incidents involving the release of hazardous materials, evacuations and even death.

All of this attention to rail transportation has created a new emphasis by the railroads, rail car manufacturers, chemical producers and trade associations, on making the rail industry an even safer place to transport hazardous materials. This attention has also caused the railroads to take an even more proactive approach to dealing with the many communities through which hazardous materials are transported as well as those agencies tasked with enforcing the regulations that govern the movement of these products.

This presentation will look at how the rail industry is moving toward a stronger prevention-based approach to the transportation of hazardous materials and how the results will have a significant positive impact on safety and improved community relations. It will also highlight how this emphasis opens up the opportunity for interaction for the railroads, communities and regulatory agencies to develop new standards of excellence in safety and environmental quality. It will be a frank discussion about the future of railroad hazardous materials transportation and what new concerns are just over the horizon.

Airport/Aircraft Special Concerns

Trucking HAZMAT Roles and Responsibilities


Special Attractions

Stress City - Tabletop Exercise

Leadership: Attitude, Function and Style (LAFS) Course

Kevin Koob

The purpose of this course is to give each student a tool box approach on how to apply Leadership, Attitude, Function, and Style (LAFS) skills in emergency response situations. Students will learn how to appropriately match a leadership style to the needs of those being led. Benefits of LAFS skills include enhancing individual and team performance, as well as improving communication with and motivating both internal and external customers during stress-filled situations.

Students in this course will be provided with their individual Myers/Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) and Kersian Temperament results. Students will develop an understanding of MBTI and Kersian Temperament theory through participation in a series of lectures and hands-on exercises. At the conclusion of the course, participants will gain methods for immediate, practical application of the concepts and theory of MBTI and Kersian analysis through an integration of Situational Leadership (SIT LEAD) principles. The integration of SIT LEAD concepts and Kersian Temperament theory will provide each student with a concrete understanding of their own leadership style preferences.

Amtrak/Stealth Incidents

Captain Sewer Club

"Heaven's Gate" Incident

Snake Man