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Natsios Young Architects

Table of Contents of main report.



ABCS Army Battle Command System

ACCS Army Command and Control System

adversary often used in this manual in lieu of enemy; the term enemy is reserved to indicate adversaries engaged in lethal operations against US forces

AEA army executive agent

AES Army Enterprise Strategy

ACE air combat element

AC active component

ACU area common user

ACUS Army common user system

ADP automatic data processing

ADSO assistant division signal officer

AFATDS advanced field artillery tactical data system

AFGWC Air Force Global Weather Central

AGCCS Army Global Command and Control System

AHFEWS Army High Frequency Electronic Warfare System

AID United States Agency for International Development

AMOPES Army Mobilization and Operations Planning and Execution System

ANGLICO air/naval gunfire liaison company

AO area of operation

AOR area of responsibility

appliqué a family of laptop-sized computers connected to navigation devices and radios to provide processing and display capabilities to platforms without an embedded processor

appreciation personal conclusions, official estimates, and assumptions about another party's intentions, capabilities, and activities used in planning and decision making

ARAT-TA Army Reprogramming Analysis Team-Threat Analysis

ARCENT Army component to Central Command

ARFOR Army force headquarters

ARSOF Army special operations forces

ASAS all-source analysis system

ASCC Army service component command

assured communications certain electronic transmission capabilities needed throughout the strategic, operational, and tactical areas of operations

ATACMS Army Tactical Missile System

ATCCS Army Tactical Command and Control System

ATSS Army Target Sensing System

B2C2 Brigade and Below Command and Control System

battle command the art of battle decision making, leading, and motivating soldiers in their organizations into action to accomplish missions; includes visualizing current state and future state, then formulating concepts of operations to get from one to the other at least cost; also includes assigning missions, prioritizing and allocating resources, selecting the critical time and place to act, and knowing how and when to make adjustments during the fight (FM 100-5)

battle dynamics five major interrelated dynamics that define significant areas of change from current operations to Force XXI Operations; dynamics are battle command, battlespace, depth and simultaneous attack, early entry, and combat service support

battlefield visualization the process whereby the commander develops a clear understanding of the current state with relation to the enemy and environment, envisions a desired end state that represents mission accomplishment, and then subsequently visualizes the sequence of activity that moves the commander's force from its current state to the end state

battlespace components determined by the maximum capabilities of friendly and enemy forces to acquire and dominate each other by fires and maneuver and in the electromagnetic spectrum

BCE battlefield coordination element

BCTP Battle Command Training Program

BDA battle damage assessment

BOS battlefield operating system

C2 command and control

C2-attack command and control-attack

C2-protect command and control-protect

C2W command and control warfare

C2W-I command and control warfare-intelligence

C3I command, control, communications, and intelligence

C4 command, control, communications, and computers

C4FMO command, control, communications, and computers for mobile operations

C4I command, control, communications, computers, and intelligence

CA civil affairs

CCIR commander's critical information requirements

CEOI communications-electronics operation instructions

CERT computer emergency response team

CI counterintelligence

CIA Central Intelligence Agency

CINC commander-in-chief

CIOS commander's information operations staff

CIOSO commander's information operations staff officer

CJCS Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff

CJCSI Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Instruction

CJCS MOP Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Memorandum of Policy

CMO civil-military operations

CMOC civil-military operations center

CNR combat net radio

COA course of action

COE common operating environment

command and control the exercise of authority and direction by a properly designated commander over assigned or attached forces in the accomplishment of the mission; C2 functions are performed through an arrangement of personnel, equipment, communications, computers, facilities, and procedures employed by a commander in planning, directing, coordinating, and controlling forces and operations in the accomplishment of the mission (Joint Pub 1-02)

command and the synchronized execution of actions taken to accomplish

control-attack established objectives that prevent effective C2 of adversarial forces by denying information to, by influencing, by degrading, or by destroying the adversary C2 system

command and the maintenance of effective C2 of own forces by turning to

control-protect friendly advantage or negating adversary efforts to deny information to, to influence, to degrade, or to destroy the friendly C2 system; C2-protect can be offensive or defensive in nature; offensive C2-protect uses the five elements of C2W to reduce the adversary's ability to conduct C2-attack; defensive C2-protect reduces friendly C2 vulnerabilities to adversary C2-attack by employment of adequate physical, electronic, and intelligence protection (adapted from CJCSI 3210.03)

command and control the combination of personnel, equipment, communications,

system computers, facilities, and procedures employed by the commander in planning, directing, coordinating, and controlling forces and operations in the accomplishment of the mission; the basic functions of a command and control system are sensing valid information about events and the environment, reporting information, assessing the situation and associated alternatives for action, deciding on an appropriate course of action, and ordering actions in correspondence with the decision (Joint Pub 1-02)

command and control the integrated use of operations security, military deception,

warfare psychological operations, electronic warfare, and physical destruction, mutually supported by intelligence, to deny information to, influence, degrade, or destroy adversary C2 capabilities, while protecting friendly C2 capabilities against such actions; command and control warfare applies across the operational continuum and all levels of conflict (Joint Pub 1-02)

common operating an environment that provides a familiar look, touch, sound,

environment and feel to the commander, no matter where the commander is deployed; information presentation and command, control, communication, computers, and intelligence system interfaces are maintained consistently from platform to platform, enabling the commander to focus attention on the crisis at hand; also called COE

communications a method or means of conveying information of any kind from one person or place to another (Joint Pub 1-02)

communications security the protection resulting from all measures designed to deny unauthorized persons information of value which might be derived from the possession and study of telecommunications or to mislead unauthorized persons in their interpretation of the results of such possession and study; also called COMSEC; includes cryptosecurity, transmission security, emission security, and physical security of communications security materials and information

computer security involves the measures and controls that ensure confidentiality, integrity, and availability of the information processed and stored by a computer; these include policies, procedures, and the hardware and software tools necessary to protect the computer systems and the information processed, stored, and transmitted by the systems

COMPUSEC computer security

COMSEC communications security

CONPLAN contingency plan

CONUS continental United States

counterintelligence those activities which are concerned with identifying and counteracting the threat to security posed by hostile services, organizations, or by individuals engaged in espionage, sabotage, subversion, or terrorism (Joint Pub 1-02)

COUNTERRECON counterreconnaissance

CP command post

critical information specific facts about friendly intentions, capabilities, and activities vitally needed by adversaries for them to plan and act effectively so as to guarantee failure or unacceptable consequences for friendly mission accomplishment (Joint Pub 1-02)

CSS combat service support

CTC combat training center

DALIS Disaster Assistance Logistics Information System

DAMMS-R Department of the Army Movements Management System-

DDN Defense Data Network

DDS data distribution system

DEA Drug Enforcement Agency

defense information the shared or interconnected system of computers,

infrastructure communications, data, applications, security, people, training, and other support structures serving DOD's location and worldwide information needs; the DII connects DOD mission support, command and control, and intelligence computers and users through voice, data, imagery, video, and multimedia services and provides information processing and value-added services to subscribers of the DISN

DEERS Defense Enrollment Eligibility Reporting System

DEW directed-energy weapon

DII defense information infrastructure

DISA Defense Information Systems Agency

DISE deployable intelligence support element

DISN Defense Information Systems Network

DJMS Defense Joint Military Pay System

DOD Department of Defense

DOS Department of State

DSN Defense Switch Network

DTLOMS doctrine, training, leader development, organizations,
materiel, and soldiers

e-mail electronic mail

EA electronic attack

EAC echelons above corps

ECM electronic countermeasures

ECCM electronic counter countermeasures

EEFI essential elements of friendly Information

electromagnetic spectrum the range of frequencies of electromagnetic radiation from zero to infinity; it is divided into 26 alphabetically designated bands (Joint Pub 1-02)

electronics security the protection resulting from all measures designed to deny unauthorized persons information of value that might be derived from their interception and study of noncommunications electromagnetic radiation, e.g., radar (Joint Pub 1-02)

electronic warfare any military action involving the use of electromagnetic and directed energy to control the electromagnetic spectrum (EMS) or to attack the enemy. The three major subdivisions within electronic warfare are electronic attack (EA), electronic protection (EP), and electronic warfare support (ES)

EM electromagnetic

EMI electromagnetic interference

EMP electromagnetic pulse

EMS electromagnetic spectrum

EOB electronic order of battle

EOC emergency operations center

EP electronic protection

EPLRS enhanced position location reporting system

ES electronic warfare support

essential elements of key questions likely to be asked by adversary officials and

friendly information intelligence systems about specific friendly intentions, capabilities, and activities so they can obtain answers critical to their operational effectiveness (Joint Pub 1-02)

EW electronic warfare

EWIR electronic warfare integrated reprogramming

FAADC3I forward air defense command, control, communications,
and intelligence

FBCB2 Force XXI Battle Command Brigade and Below System

FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency

FFIR friendly forces information requirements

FM frequency modulation; field manual

force protection any collection or combination of measures to prevent or mitigate damage or disruption to an aggregation of military personnel, weapon systems, vehicles, installations, or support

FORSCOM United States Forces Command

FST field support team

full-dimensional the application of all capabilities available to an Army

operations commander to accomplish his mission decisively and at the least cost across the full range of possible operations

G2 division intelligence

G3 division operations

G5 division civil affairs

G6 division communications

GCCS Global Command and Control System

GIE global information environment

GII global information infrastructure

global information all Individuals, organizations, or systems, most of which are

environment outside the control of the military or National Command Authorities, that collect, process, and disseminate information to national and international audiences

GPS global positioning system

GR/CS Guardrail/Common Sensor

HCA host civil affairs

HF high frequency

HN host nation

HNS host nation support

HQDA Headquarters, Department of Army

HUMINT human intelligence

HVT high-value target

I&W indications and warnings

IADS Integrated Air Defense System

IBDA information battlefield damage assessment

ICP intertheater communications security package

IEW intelligence and electronic warfare

IMETS Integrated Meteorological System

information data collected from the environment and processed into a usable form

Information Age the future time period when social, cultural, and economic patterns will reflect the decentralized, nonhierarchical flow of information; contrast this to the more centralized, hierarchical, social, cultural, and economic patterns that reflect the Industrial Age's mechanization of production systems

information data bases visualization of a future system where commanders and units can continually access and update a common data base of relevant information (for example, logistics, intelligence, movement)

information dominance the degree of information superiority that allows the possessor to use information systems and capabilities to achieve an operational advantage in a conflict or to control the situation in operations other than war while denying those capabilities to the adversary

information operations continuous military operations within the military information environment that enable, enhance, and protect the friendly force's ability to collect, process, and act on information to achieve an advantage across the full range of military operations; information operations include interacting with the global information environment and exploiting or denying an adversary's information and decision capabilities

information security the protection of unauthorized access to or modification of information, whether in storage, processing, or transit, and against the denial of service to authorized users or the provision of service to unauthorized users, including those measures necessary to detect, document, and counter such threats

information systems the entire infrastructure, organization, personnel, and components that collect, process, store, transmit, display, disseminate, and act on information (Joint Pub 6-0)

information systems a composite means to protect telecommunications systems

security and automated information systems and the information they transmit and/or process

information warfare actions taken to achieve information superiority by affecting adversary information, information-based processes, information systems, and computer-based networks while defending one's own information, information-based processes, information systems and computer-based networks (CJCSI 3210.01)

INFOSEC information security

infosphere the rapidly growing global network of military and commercial command, control, communications, and computer systems and networks linking information data bases and fusion centers that are accessible to the warrior anywhere, anytime, in the performance of any mission; provides the worldwide automated information-of-exchange backbone support to joint forces; and provides seamless operations from anywhere to anywhere that is secure and transparent to the warrior; this emerging capability is highly flexible to support the adaptive command and control infrastructures of the twenty-first century

INFOSYS information systems

infrastructure the basic facilities, equipment, and installations needed for the function of a system, network, or integrated network

INMARSAT international maritime satellite

intelligence the product resulting from the collection, processing, integration, analysis, evaluation, and interpretation of available information concerning foreign countries or areas; also, information and knowledge about an adversary obtained through observation, investigation, analysis, or understanding (Joint Pub 1-02)

INTELSAT intelligence satellite

internet interoperable network

IO information operations

IOBS information operations battle staff

IOC information operations center

IPB intelligence-preparation-of-the-battlefield

ISB installation sustaining bases

ISS information systems security

ISYSCON integrated systems control

ITU International Telecommunications Union

IW information warfare

J2 joint staff intelligence

J3 joint staff operations

J5 joint staff plans and policy

J6 joint staff communications-electronics

JAARS Joint After-Action Reporting System

JCS Joint Chiefs of Staff

JC2WC Joint Command and Control Warfare Center

JCEWS joint commander's electronic warfare staff

JDISS Joint Deployable Intelligence Support System

JEWC Joint Electronic Warfare Center

JFC joint force commander

JOA joint operational area

JOPES Joint Operations Planning and Execution System

JRFL joint restricted frequency list

JSOI joint signal operating instructions

J-STARS Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System

JTACS Joint Theater Air Control System

JTB joint targeting board

JTF joint task force

JTTP joint tactics, techniques, and procedures

JULLS Joint Universal Lessons Learned System

JWICS Joint Worldwide Intelligence Communication System

LAM Louisiana Maneuvers

LAN local area network

LCC land component commander

LIWA Land Information Warfare Activity

LO liaison officer

MACOM major Army command

MASINT measurement signature

MCS maneuver control system

METL mission-essential task list

METT-T mission, enemy, terrain, troops, and time available

MIE military information environment

MI military intelligence

MIID/IDB Military Integrated Intelligence Data Base System/
Integrated Data Base

military deception actions executed to deliberately mislead adversary military decision makers as to friendly military capabilities, intentions, and operations, thereby causing the adversary to take specific actions (or inactions) that will contribute to the accomplishment of the friendly mission

military information the environment contained within the global information

environment environment, consisting of information systems and organizations--friendly and adversary, military and nonmilitary--that support, enable, or significantly influence a specific military operation

mls multilevel security

MNS mission needs statement

MOBLAS Mobilization-Level Application Software

MP military police

MOP memorandum of policy

MSC major subordinate command

MSE mobile subscriber equipment

MTP mission training plan

NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization

NCA National Command Authorities

NEO noncombatant evacuation operations

NII national information infrastructure

NGO nongovernment organization

NMS National Military Strategy

NTSDS National Target/Threat Signature Data System

OA operational architecture

OB order of battle

ODCSOPS Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations

OOTW operations other than war

OPFOR opposing force

OPCON operational control

operations security a process of identifying critical information and subsequently analyzing friendly actions attendant to military operations and other activities; identifying those actions that can be observed by adversary intelligence systems; determining indicators adversary intelligence systems might obtain that could be interpreted or pieced together to derive critical information in time to be useful to adversaries; and selecting and executing measures that eliminate or reduce to an acceptable level the vulnerabilities of friendly actions to adversary exploitation; also called OPSEC

OPLAN operations plan

OPORD operations order

OPSEC operations security

OPTEMPO operation tempo

PA public affairs

PAO public affairs officer

PC personal computer

PEO program executive office

PIR priority intelligence requirements

physical destruction the application of combat power to destroy or neutralize enemy forces and installations; includes direct and indirect fires from ground, sea, and air forces; also includes direct actions by special operations forces

physical security that part of security concerned with physical measures designed to safeguard personnel, to prevent unauthorized access to equipment, installations, material and documents, and to safeguard them against espionage, sabotage, damage, and theft (Joint Pub 1-02)

PM project manager

POS/NAV position/navigation

PRC populace and resource control

priority intelligence those intelligence requirements for which a commander has

requirements an anticipated and stated priority in his task of planning and decision making (Joint Pub 1-02)

PSN public switch network

psychological operations operations to convey selected information and indicators to foreign audiences to influence their emotions, motives, objective reasoning, and, ultimately, the behavior of foreign governments, organizations, groups, and individuals; the purpose of PSYOP is to induce or reinforce foreign attitudes and behavior favorable to the originator's objectives

PSYOP psychological operations

PVO private voluntary organization

RAP remedial action project

RC reserve components

RCAS Reserve Component Automation System

RCP relevant common picture

RDT&E research, development, test, and evaluation

RECBASS Reception Battalion Automated Support System

RECON reconnaissance

relevant common picture the aggregate of data that is shared among all friendly forces

of the battlefield on the disposition of friendly and enemy force; this data is used to build a tailored relevant graphic display for the warfighter that increases in detail shown as the echelon served is closer to the soldier; commonly called situational awareness

relevant information information drawn from the military information environment that significantly impacts, contributes to, or is related to the execution of the operational mission at hand

RII relevant information and intelligence

RISC reduced instruction set computing

RISTA reconnaissance, intelligence, surveillance, and target acquisition

ROE rules of engagement

SAMS-I/TDA Standard Army Maintenance System-Installation/
Table of Distribution and Allowances

SARSS-O Standard Army Retail Supply System-Objective

SF Special Forces

SIDPERS Standard Installation/Division Personnel System

SIGINT signals intelligence

signal security a generic term that includes both communications security and electronic security (Joint Pub 1-02)

SIGSEC signal security

SINCGARS single-channel ground and airborne radio system

SJA staff judge advocate

SOF special operations forces

SOP standard operating procedure

SPBS-R Standard Property Book System-Redesign

spectrum management planning, coordinating, and managing operational, engineering, and administrative procedures, with the objective of enabling electronic systems to perform their functions in the intended environment without causing or suffering unacceptable interference (Joint Pub 1-02)

STAMIS Standard Army Management Information Systems

STO special technical operations

STOD special technical operations division

TAA total Army analysis

tactical internet a battlefield communication system networked together using commercially based internet protocols

TAMMIS The Army Munitions Management Information System

TAFIM technical architectural framework for information management

TEARS Telecommunications Equipment Automated Retrieval System

TECHINT technical intelligence

TF task force

TPN tactical packet network

TRADOC United States Army Training and Doctrine Command

TRANSEC transmission security

transmission security see communications security

TRI-TAC triservice tactical

TROJAN-SPIRIT TROJAN-special purpose integrated remote intelligence terminal

TSP training support package

TSS target-sensing system

TTP tactics, techniques, and procedures

UAV unmanned aerial vehicle

UHF ultrahigh frequency

ULLS unit-level logistics system

UN United Nations

US United States

USAF United States Air Force

USAID United States Agency for International Development

USAINSCOM United States Army Information Systems Command

USIA United States Information Agency

USN United States Navy

USSOCOM United States Special Operations Command

VHF very high frequency

WAN wide area network