22 May 1998: Link to Presidential Decision Directive 63
22 May 1998
Thanks to DN for AP
May 22, 1998 Clinton Backs Cyber-Terror Warnings Filed at 1:31 p.m. EDT By The Associated Press ANNAPOLIS, Md. (AP) -- Nuclear warheads were the stuff of Cold War stockpiles and beachheads the battlefields of times gone by. To counter today's threats, President Clinton told a new class of Naval officers, the United States must amass germ-warfare vaccines and battle terrorists in cyberspace. "If our children are to grow up safe and free, we must approach these new 21st century threats with the same rigor and determination we applied to the toughest security challenges of this century," the president said today in a commencement speech at the U.S. Naval Academy. For the 769 graduating midshipmen and 139 midshipwomen whose dress uniforms shone blindingly white in the sun, Clinton painted a near-apocalyptic picture of the enemies who threatened their mission beyond the academy. "As we approach the 21st century, our foes have extended the fields of battle from physical space to cyberspace, from the world's vast bodies of water to the complex workings of our own human body. Rather than invading our beaches or launching bombers, these adversaries may attempt cyber attacks against our critical military systems and our economic base," Clinton said. He ordered the development and unprecedented stockpiling of vaccines and antibiotics for civilians, and directed that public health and medical surveillance systems be upgraded to detect and sound the alarm on any release of bacteria or viruses. Clinton also called for an interconnected "cyber-system" that would warn and minimize damage of attacks on computers that control the stock market, banking, utilities, air traffic and other so-called "critical infrastructure." In a reminder that the Cold War-era worry over nuclear weapons is still a concern, Clinton again urged Pakistan to refrain from responding to India's recent nuclear tests with tests of its own. Before leaving Annapolis, Clinton stopped at a boathouse to call Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif to again plead for restraint. "The president is urging efforts to be made to avoid increasing tensions on the sub-continent," deputy White House press secretary Amy Weiss Tobe said. She said she did not know why Clinton felt compelled to call before making the short flight back to the White House. Private companies including IBM, Dell Computers, Bell South and GTE have already agreed to participate in the "cyber-system," which Clinton wants to be fully operational by 2003, administration officials said. "If we fail to take strong action, then terrorists, criminals and hostile regimes could invade and paralyze these vital systems, disrupting commerce, threatening health, weakening our capacity to function in a crisis," Clinton said. He appointed National Security Council adviser Richard Clarke, who specializes in such issues as drug trafficking and terrorism, to head a new office on infrastructure protection and counter-terrorism. Former Sen. Sam Nunn and Jamie Gorelick, formerly the Justice Department's No. 2 official and now Fannie Mae's vice chairwoman, will lead a private industry advisory group. On protecting civilians from biological attack, Clinton did not specify how stockpiles would be maintained or prioritized. One administration official said in advance of the speech that there is scant support for vaccinating all civilians as a precautionary measure. Coincident to Clinton's announcement, the Defense Department today expanded its vaccination program against the lethal anthrax bacteria to include not just troops in the Persian Gulf region, but all active and reserve personnel. Also, the Pentagon designated ten states -- Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, Georgia, Illinois, Texas, Missouri, Colorado, California and Washington -- where National Guard units will be specially trained for responding to weapons of mass destruction. Clinton acknowledged that any civilian vaccine program requires further scientific innovation and he took a poke at Congress for resisting his budget requests on biomedical research. "We must not cede the cutting edge of biotechnology to those who would do us harm," he said. Anthrax is the only potential germ weapon for which a vaccine has been proven safe and approved by the Food and Drug Administration. At least two recent White House briefings with experts in chemical and biological weapons convinced Clinton of the urgency of these initiatives, presidential spokesman Mike McCurry said Thursday. Headlines during Clinton's presidency -- the nerve-gas attack on Tokyo's subway system in 1995, the 1993 World Trade Center bombing -- also have underscored the changing nature of national security. Establishing vaccine stockpiles for the U.S. cities considered most vulnerable could cost billions of dollars and take years to achieve. The Defense Department announced last year that it was stockpiling -- at an estimated five-year cost of $320 million -- vaccines for anthrax, smallpox and other diseases for the 2.4 million people in the active and reserve military. Any civilian stockpile would require far more. One group of specialists advising the White House on this issue listed five agents posing the most immediate threat: anthrax, smallpox, plague, tuleremia and botulinum toxin.
THE WHITE HOUSE AT WORK
Friday, May 22, 1998
MEETING THE TERRORIST THREATS OF THE 21ST CENTURY
"If our children are to grow up safe and free, we must approach these 21st Century threats with the same rigor and determination we applied to the toughest security challenges of this century."
- President Bill Clinton
May 22, 1998
Today, in a commencement speech to the graduates of the United States Naval Academy, President Clinton will announce a comprehensive strategy to strengthen America's defenses against the terrorist attacks of the 21st Century, including attacks on our infrastructure, computer networks, and through the use of biological weapons.
Securing America's Safety In The 21st Century. America stands as an unrivaled military power. However, as we move into the 21st Century, the United States is a potential and powerful target for those who commit terrorist atrocities and would undermine our national security. President Clinton recognizes these potential threats and will announce a three part strategy to combat them. The President will: 1) implement a comprehensive strategy to deter, detect, and defend against terrorist attacks; 2) adopt policies to protect the vital elements of our infrastructure; and 3) work to limit the development of dangerous biological weapons and better defend our citizens against them.
A Coordinated Strategy To Meet 21st Century Threats. To ensure our ability to deter and prevent terrorist attacks, the President will issue a directive which will result in a more systematic approach to fighting terrorism. This directive:
- establishes the Office of National Coordinator for Security, Infrastructure Protection, and Counter-Terrorism, which will oversee a broad range of policies, including counter-terrorism, protection of critical infrastructure, and preparedness and consequence management for weapons of mass destruction;
- clarifies and codifies the role U.S. agencies play in combating terrorism, apprehending and prosecuting terrorists, increasing airport security, enhancing response capabilities and protecting our computer-based infrastructure; and
- reinforces the role these agencies play in fighting terrorism.
Protecting Our Infrastructure In The 21st Century. As our society becomes more reliant on technology, the critical parts of our infrastructure -- our power systems, water supply, emergency medical, police, and fire services, air traffic control, and financial services -- have become linked through massive computer networks. The risk of a "cyber-attack" on these networks increases as our society becomes more automated. To help combat these risks, the President announces his intent to:
- create a partnership between the government and private sector to find and reduce the areas of vulnerability we have to such attacks;
- develop warning systems, including a national center to alert us to such attacks;
- increase cooperation with friendly nations; and
- develop the means to minimize damage and recover quickly in the eventuality of an attack.
Fighting the Dangers of Biological Weapons. The President recognizes the significant threat biological weapons pose as we enter the 21st Century. In an effort to prevent their spread, and to protect our citizens, the President announces that he will pursue policies to:
- strengthen the International Biological Weapons Convention through stronger inspection systems to detect and prevent cheating;
- inoculate our entire armed service, active and reserve, against the anthrax bacteria;
- upgrade our public health systems for detection and warnings against biological weapons;
- train and equip local authorities on how to handle emergencies involving weapons of mass destruction;
- stockpile medicine and vaccines that can be used against biological attacks.
Source: http://library.whitehouse.gov/PressReleases-plain.cgi?date=0&briefing=1 May 22, 1998 REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT AT THE UNITED STATES NAVAL ACADEMY COMMENCEMENT THE WHITE HOUSE Office of the Press Secretary ______________________________________________________________ For Immediate Release May 22, 1998 REMARKS BY THE PRESIDENT AT THE UNITED STATES NAVAL ACADEMY COMMENCEMENT United States Naval Academy Annapolis, Maryland 10:22 A.M. EDT THE PRESIDENT: Thank you very much. (Applause.) Thank you. Thank you very much. Secretary Dalton, thank you for your generous introduction and your dedicated service. Admiral Larson, thank you. Admiral Johnson, General Krulak, Admiral Ryan -- Visitor's Chair Byron; to the faculty and staff of the Academy; distinguished guests; to proud parents and family members, and especially to the Brigade of Midshipmen: I am honored to be here today. And pursuant to longstanding tradition, I bring with me a small gift. I hereby free all midshipmen who are on restriction for minor conduct offenses. (Applause.) There was so much enthusiasm, I wonder if you heard the word, "minor" offenses. (Laughter.) You know, the President has the signal honor of addressing all of our service academies serially -- one after the other in appropriate order. This is the second time I have had the great honor of being here at the Naval Academy. But I began to worry about my sense of timing. I mean, what can you say to graduating midshipmen in a year when the most famous ship on Earth is again the Titanic? (Laughter.) But then I learned this is a totally, almost blindly, confident bunch. After all, over in King Hall you eat cannonballs. (Laughter.) Now, for those of you who don't know what they are, they're not the ones Francis Scott Key saw flying over Fort McHenry, they're just huge apple dumplings. Nonetheless, they require a lot of confidence. (Laughter.) I will try to be relatively brief today. I was given only one instruction -- I should not take as long as your class took to scale Herndon Monument. (Applause.) Now, at four hours and five minutes -- (applause) -- the slowest time in recorded history -- (applause) -- I have a lot of leeway. (Laughter.) But you have more than made up for it. You have done great things -- succeeding in a rigorous academic environment, trained to be superb officers. You have done extraordinary volunteer work, for which I am personally very grateful. In basketball, you made it to the NCAAs for the second time in a row. (Applause.) You defeated Army in football last fall. (Applause.) In fact, you were 26-6 against teams from Army this year. And while I remain neutral in these things -- (laughter) -- I salute your accomplishments. (Laughter.) Let me also join the remarks that Secretary Dalton in congratulating your Superintendent. Admiral Larson has performed remarkable service as an aviator, submarine commander, Commander-in- Chief in the Pacific, twice at the helm of the Academy. I got to know him well when he was our Commander-in-Chief in the Pacific. I came to appreciate more than I otherwise ever could have his unique blend of intelligence and insight and character, and passionate devotion to duty. In view of the incident on the Indian subcontinent in the last few days, I think it's important for the historical record to note that the first senior official of the United States who told me that there was a serious potential problem there and we had better get ready for it was Admiral Chuck Larson, several years ago. (Applause.) When I asked him to return to the Academy, I thought it was almost too much, and then I realized it might have been too little, for he loves this Academy so much this is hardly tough duty. He met all its challenges. He taught you midshipmen to strive for excellence without arrogance, to maintain the highest ethical standards. Admiral, on behalf of the American people, I thank you for your service here, your 40 years in the Navy, your devotion to the United States. We are all very grateful to you. (Applause.) I also have every confidence that Admiral Ryan is a worthy successor, and I wish him well. As I speak to you and other graduates this spring, I want to ask you to think about the challenges we face as a nation in the century that is just upon us, and how our mission must be to adapt to the changes of changing times while holding fast to our enduring ideals. In the coming weeks, I will talk about how the information revolution can widen the circle of opportunity or deepen inequality; about how immigration and our nation's growing diversity can strengthen and unite America, or weaken and divide it. But nothing I will have the chance to talk about this spring is more important than the mission I charge you with today -- the timeless mission of our men and women in uniform: protecting our nation and upholding our values in the face of the changing threats that are as new as the new century. Members of the Class of 1998, you leave the Yard at the dawn of a new millennium, in a time of great hope. Around the world people are embracing peace, freedom, free markets. More and more nations are committed to educating all their children and stopping the destruction of our environment. The information revolution is sparking economic growth and spreading the ideas of freedom around the world. Technology is moving so fast today that the top-of-the-line, high-speed computers you received as Plebes today are virtually museum pieces. (Laughter.) In this world, our country is blessed with peace, prosperity, declining social ills. But today's possibilities are not tomorrow's guarantees. Just last week, India conducted a series of nuclear explosive tests, reminding us that technology is not always a force for good. India's action threatens the stability of Asia and challenges the firm international consensus to stop all nuclear testing. So again I ask India to halt its nuclear weapons program and join the 149 other nations that have already signed the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty. And I ask Pakistan to exercise restraint, to avoid a perilous nuclear arms race. This specter of a dangerous rivalry in South Asia is but one of the many signs that we must remain strong and vigilant against the kinds of threats we have seen already throughout the 20th century -- regional aggression and competition, bloody civil wars, efforts to overthrow democracies. But also, our security is challenged increasingly by non-traditional threats, from adversaries both old and new -- not only hostile regimes, but also terrorists and international criminals, who cannot defeat us in traditional theaters of battle, but search instead for new ways to attack, by exploiting new technologies and the world's increasing openness. As we approach the 21st century, our foes have extended the fields of battle -- from physical space to cyberspace; from the world's vast bodies of water to the complex workings of our own human bodies. Rather than invading our beaches or launching bombers, these adversaries may attempt cyberattacks against our critical military systems and our economic base. Or they may deploy compact and relatively cheap weapons of mass destruction -- not just nuclear, but also chemical or biological, to use disease as a weapon of war. Sometimes the terrorists and criminals act alone. But increasingly, they are interconnected, and sometimes supported by hostile countries. If our children are to grow up safe and free, we must approach these new 21st century threats with the same rigor and determination we applied to the toughest security challenges of this century. We are taking strong steps against these threats today. We've improved antiterrorism cooperation with other countries; tightened security for our troops, our diplomats, our air travelers; strengthened sanctions on nations that support terrorists; given our law enforcement agencies new tools. We broke up terrorist rings before they could attack New York's Holland Tunnel, the United Nations, and our airlines. We have captured and brought to justice many of the offenders. But we must do more. Last week, I announced America's first comprehensive strategy to control international crime and bring criminals, terrorists and money launderers to justice. Today, I come before you to announce three new initiatives -- the first broadly directed at combatting terrorism; the other two addressing two potential threats from terrorists and hostile nations, attacks on our computer networks and other critical systems upon which our society depends, and attacks using biological weapons. On all of these efforts, we will need the help of the Navy and the Marines. Your service will be critical in combatting these new challenges. To make these three initiatives work we must have the concerted efforts of a whole range of federal agencies -- from the Armed Forces to law enforcement to intelligence to public health. I am appointing a National Coordinator for Security, Infrastructure Protection, and Counterterrorism, to bring the full force of all our resources to bear swiftly and effectively. First, we will use our new integrated approach to intensify the fight against all forms of terrorism -- to capture terrorists, no matter where they hide; to work with other nations to eliminate terrorist sanctuaries overseas; to respond rapidly and effectively to protect Americans from terrorism at home and abroad. Second, we will launch a comprehensive plan to detect, deter, and defend against attacks on our critical infrastructures --our power systems, water supplies, police, fire, and medical services, air traffic control, financial services, telephone systems, and computer networks. Just 15 years ago, these infrastructures -- some within government, some in the private sector -- were separate and distinct. Now, they are linked together over vast computer-electronic networks, greatly increasing our productivity, but also making us much more vulnerable to disruption. Three days ago, we saw the enormous impact of a single failed electronic link when a satellite malfunction disabled pagers, ATMs, credit card systems, and TV and radio networks all around the world. Beyond such accidents, intentional attacks against our critical systems already are underway. Hackers break into government and business computers. They can raid banks, run up credit card charges, extort money by threats to unleash computer viruses. If we fail to take strong action, then terrorists, criminals and hostile regimes could invade and paralyze these vital systems, disrupting commerce, threatening health, weakening our capacity to function in a crisis. In response to these concerns, I established a commission chaired by Retired General Tom Marsh, to assist the vulnerability of our critical infrastructures. They returned with a pointed conclusion: our vulnerability, particularly to cyberattacks, is real and growing. And they made important recommendations that we will now implement to put us ahead of the danger curve. We have the best trained, best equipped best prepared Armed Forces in history. But, as ever, we must be ready to fight the next war, not the last one. And our military, as strong as it is, cannot meet these challenges alone. Because so many key components of our society are operated by the private sector, we must create a genuine public-private partnership to protect America in the 21st century. Together, we can find and reduce the vulnerabilities to attack in all critical sectors, develop warning systems including a national center to alert us to attacks, increase our cooperation with friendly nations, and create the means to minimize damage and rapidly recover in the event attacks occur. We can -- and we must -- make these critical systems more secure, so that we can be more secure. Third, we will undertake a concerted effort to prevent the spread and use of biological weapons, and to protect our people in the event these terrible weapons are ever unleashed by a rogue state, a terrorist group or an international criminal organization. Conventional military force will continue to be crucial to curbing weapons of mass destruction. In the confrontation against Iraq, deployment of our Navy and Marine forces has played a key role in helping to convince Saddam Hussein to accept United Nations inspections of his weapons facilities. But we must pursue the fight against biological weapons on many fronts. We must strengthen the international Biological Weapons Convention with a strong system of inspections to detect and prevent cheating. This is a major priority. It was part of my State of the Union address earlier this year, and we are working with other nations and our industries to make it happen. Because our troops serve on the front line of freedom, we must take special care to protect them. So we have been working on vaccinating them against biological threats, and now we will inoculate all our Armed Forces, active duty and reserves, against deadly anthrax bacteria. Finally, we must do more to protect our civilian population from biological weapons. The Defense Department has been teaching state and local officials to respond if the weapons are brandished or used. Today it is announcing plans to train National Guard and reserve elements in every region to address this challenge. But, again, we must do more to protect our people. We must be able to recognize a biological attack quickly in order to stop its spread. We will work to upgrade our public health systems for detection and warning, to aid our preparedness against terrorism, and to help us cope with infectious diseases that arise in nature. We will train and equip local authorities throughout the nation to deal with an emergency involving weapons of mass destruction, creating stockpiles of medicines and vaccines to protect our civilian population against the kind of biological agents our adversaries are most likely to obtain or develop. And we will pursue research and development to create the next generation of vaccines, medicines and diagnostic tools. The Human Genome Project will be very, very important in this regard. And again, it will aid us also in fighting infectious diseases. We must not cede the cutting edge of biotechnology to those who would do us harm. Working with the Congress, America must maintain its leadership in research and development. It is critical to our national security. In our efforts to battle terrorism and cyberattacks and biological weapons, all of us must be extremely aggressive. But we must also be careful to uphold privacy rights and other constitutional protections. We do not ever undermine freedom in the name of freedom. To the men and women of this class of 1998, over four years you have become part of an institution -- the Navy -- that has repeatedly risen to the challenges of battle and of changing technology. In the Spanish-American War, 100 years ago, our Navy won the key confrontations at Manila Bay and off Cuba. In the years between the world wars, the Navy made tremendous innovations with respect to aircraft carriers and amphibious operations. In the decisive battle in the Pacific in World War II at Midway, our communications experts and code breakers obtained, and Admiral Nimitz seized on, crucial information about the enemy fleet that secured victory against overwhelming odds. In the Cold War, nuclear propulsion revolutionized our carrier and submarine operations. And today, our Navy and Marine Corps are fundamental to our strategy of global engagement, aiding our friends and warning foes that they cannot undermine our efforts to build a just, peaceful, free future. President Theodore Roosevelt put it succinctly a long time ago. "A good Navy," he said, "is the surest guaranty of peace." We will have that good Navy, because of you. Your readiness, strength, your knowledge of science and technology, your ability to promptly find and use essential information, and above all, your strength of spirit and your core values -- honor, courage and commitment. I ask you to remember, though, that with these new challenges especially, we must all, as Americans, be united in purpose and spirit. Our defense has always drawn on the best of our entire nation. The Armed Forces have defended our freedom, and in turn, freedom has allowed our people to thrive. Our security innovations have often been sparked and supported over and over by the brilliance and drive of people in non-military sectors -- our businesses and universities, our scientists and technologists. Now, more than ever, we need the broad support and participation of our citizens as your partners in meeting the security challenges of the 21st century. Members of the Class of 1998, you are just moments away from becoming ensigns and second lieutenants -- and I have not taken as much time as you did to climb the Monument. (Laughter.) I thank you for giving me a few moments of your attention to talk to you and our nation about the work you will be doing for them for the rest of your careers. You will be our guardians and champions of freedom. Let me say just one thing in closing on a more personal note. We must protect our people from danger and keep America safe and free. But I hope you will never lose sight of why we are doing it. We are doing it so that all of your countrymen and women can live meaningful lives, according to their own lights. So work hard, but don't forget to pursue also what fulfills you as people -- the beauty of the natural world, literature, the arts, sports, volunteer service. Most of all, don't forget to take time for your personal lives, to show your love to your friends and, most of all, to your families -- the parents and grandparents who made the sacrifices to get you here; in the future, your wives, your husbands, and your children. In a free society, the purpose of public service, in or out of uniform, is to provide all citizens with the freedom and opportunity to live their own dreams. So when you return from an exhausting deployment, or just a terrible day, never forget to cherish your loved ones, and always be grateful that you have been given the opportunity to serve, to protect for yourselves and for your loved ones and for your fellow Americans the precious things that make life worth living, and freedom worth defending. I know your families are very proud of you today. Now go and make America proud. Good luck and God bless you. (Applause.) END 10:48 A.M. EDT __________________________________________________________________________ May 22, 1998 FACT SHEET THE WHITE HOUSE Office of the Press Secretary (Annapolis, Maryland) ___________________________________________________________________________ For Immediate Release May 22, 1998 FACT SHEET SUMMARY OF PRESIDENTIAL DECISION DIRECTIVES 62 AND 63 President Clinton today ordered the strengthening of the nation's defenses against emerging unconventional threats to the United States: terrorist acts, weapons of mass destruction, assaults on our critical infrastructures and cyber-attacks. The Combating Terrorism directive (PDD-62) highlights the growing threat of unconventional attacks against the United States. It details a new and more systematic approach to fighting terrorism by bringing a program management approach to U.S. counter-terrorism efforts. The directive also establishes the office of the National Coordinator for Security, Infrastructure Protection and Counter-Terrorism which will oversee a broad variety of relevant policies and programs including areas such as counter-terrorism, protection of critical infrastructure, preparedness and consequence management for weapons of mass destruction. The Critical Infrastructure Protection directive (PDD-63) calls for a national effort to assure the security of the increasingly vulnerable and interconnected infrastructures of the United States. Such infrastructures include telecommunications, banking and finance, energy, transportation, and essential government services. The directive requires immediate federal government action including risk assessment and planning to reduce exposure to attack. It stresses the critical importance of cooperation between the government and the private sector by linking designated agencies with private sector representatives. For more detailed information on this Presidential Decision Directive, contact the Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office (703) 696-9395 for copies of the White Paper on Critical Infrastructure Protection. # # # __________________________________________________________________________ May 22, 1998 FACT SHEET THE WHITE HOUSE Office of the Press Secretary (Annapolis, Maryland) ___________________________________________________________________________ For Immediate Release May 22, 1998 FACT SHEET COMBATING TERRORISM: PRESIDENTIAL DECISION DIRECTIVE 62 Since he took office, President Clinton has made the fight against terrorism a top national security objective. The President has worked to deepen our cooperation with our friends and allies abroad, strengthened law enforcement's counterterrorism tools and improved security on airplanes and at airports. These efforts have paid off as major terrorist attacks have been foiled and more terrorists have been apprehended, tried and given severe prison terms. Yet America's unrivaled military superiority means that potential enemies -- whether nations or terrorist groups -- that choose to attack us will be more likely to resort to terror instead of conventional military assault. Moreover, easier access to sophisticated technology means that the destructive power available to terrorists is greater than ever. Adversaries may thus be tempted to use unconventional tools, such as weapons of mass destruction, to target our cities and disrupt the operations of our government. They may try to attack our economy and critical infrastructure using advanced computer technology. President Clinton is determined that in the coming century, we will be capable of deterring and preventing such terrorist attacks. The President is convinced that we must also have the ability to limit the damage and manage the consequences should such an attack occur. To meet these challenges, President Clinton signed Presidential Decision Directive 62. This Directive creates a new and more systematic approach to fighting the terrorist threat of the next century. It reinforces the mission of the many U.S. agencies charged with roles in defeating terrorism; it also codifies and clarifies their activities in the wide range of U.S. counter-terrorism programs, from apprehension and prosecution of terrorists to increasing transportation security, enhancing response capabilities and protecting the computer-based systems that lie at the heart of America's economy. The Directive will help achieve the President's goal of ensuring that we meet the threat of terrorism in the 21st century with the same rigor that we have met military threats in this century. The National Coordinator To achieve this new level of integration in the fight against terror, PDD-62 establishes the Office of the National Coordinator for Security, Infrastructure Protection and Counter-Terrorism. The National Coordinator will oversee the broad variety of relevant polices and programs including such areas as counter-terrorism, protection of critical infrastructure, preparedness and consequence management for weapons of mass destruction. The National Coordinator will work within the National Security Council, report to the President through the Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and produce for him an annual Security Preparedness Report. The National Coordinator will also provide advice regarding budgets for counter-terror programs and lead in the development of guidelines that might be needed for crisis management. # # # _________________________________________________________________________ May 22, 1998 FACT SHEET THE WHITE HOUSE Office of the Press Secretary (Annapolis, Maryland) ___________________________________________________________________________ For Immediate Release May 22, 1998 FACT SHEET PROTECTING AMERICA'S CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURES: PDD 63 This Presidential Directive builds on the recommendations of the President's Commission on Critical Infrastructure Protection. In October 1997, the Commission issued its report calling for a national effort to assure the security of the United States' increasingly vulnerable and interconnected infrastructures, such as telecommunications, banking and finance, energy, transportation, and essential government services. Presidential Decision Directive 63 is the culmination of an intense, interagency effort to evaluate those recommendations and produce a workable and innovative framework for critical infrastructure protection. The President's policy: Sets a goal of a reliable, interconnected, and secure information system infrastructure by the year 2003, and significantly increased security to government systems by the year 2000, by: Immediately establishing a national center to warn of and respond to attacks. Ensuring the capability to protect critical infrastructures from intentional acts by 2003. Addresses the cyber and physical infrastructure vulnerabilities of the Federal government by requiring each department and agency to work to reduce its exposure to new threats; Requires the Federal government to serve as a model to the rest of the country for how infrastructure protection is to be attained; Seeks the voluntary participation of private industry to meet common goals for protecting our critical systems through public-private partnerships; Protects privacy rights and seeks to utilize market forces. It is meant to strengthen and protect the nation's economic power, not to stifle it. Seeks full participation and input from the Congress. PDD-63 sets up a new structure to deal with this important challenge: a National Coordinator whose scope will include not only critical infrastructure but also foreign terrorism and threats of domestic mass destruction (including biological weapons) because attacks on the US may not come labeled in neat jurisdictional boxes; The National Infrastructure Protection Center (NIPC) at the FBI which will fuse representatives from FBI, DOD, USSS, Energy, Transportation, the Intelligence Community, and the private sector in an unprecedented attempt at information sharing among agencies in collaboration with the private sector. The NIPC will also provide the principal means of facilitating and coordinating the Federal Government's response to an incident, mitigating attacks, investigating threats and monitoring reconstitution efforts; Information Sharing and Analysis Centers (ISACs) are encouraged to be set up by the private sector in cooperation with the Federal government and modeled on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; A National Infrastructure Assurance Council drawn from private sector leaders and state/local officials to provide guidance to the policy formulation of a National Plan; The Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office will provide support to the National Coordinator's work with government agencies and the private sector in developing a national plan. The office will also help coordinate a national education and awareness program, and legislative and public affairs. For more detailed information on this Presidential Decision Directive, contact the Critical Infrastructure Assurance Office (703) 696-9395 for copies of the White Paper on Critical Infrastructure Protection. # # # ____________________________________________________________________________________ May 22, 1998 FACT SHEET THE WHITE HOUSE Office of the Press Secretary (Annapolis, Maryland) ___________________________________________________________________________ For Immediate Release May 22, 1998 FACT SHEET PREPAREDNESS FOR A BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS ATTACK President Clinton recognizes that the availability of biological agents and advances in biotechnology mean that the United States must be prepared for an attack involving biological weapons against our armed forces or civilians. Already, the U.S. military is working hard to defend against this danger. The possibility that during the recent crisis in the Persian Gulf region our forces might be confronted with biological weapons produced by Saddam Hussein's secret program demonstrates the urgency of this effort. Under President Clinton's leadership, the Department of Defense has made real strides to protect American troops: An additional $1 billion for chemical and biological defense were added to the Five-Year Defense Plan. Starting today, the Defense Department's vaccination program against the lethal anthrax bacteria is being expanded to include not just troops in the Gulf region but all active and reserve American armed forces personnel. America's military is also playing an important role in domestic preparedness. Under the Nunn-Lugar-Domenici Program, military experts are participating in the training of emergency personnel in our 120 largest cities for response to a terrorist attack involving weapons of mass destruction. Today, the Department of Defense is announcing the selection of ten states in which National Guard units will be specially trained to assist state and local authorities to manage the consequences of a WMD attack. The states are: Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, Georgia, Illinois, Texas, Missouri, Colorado, California and Washington. President Clinton believes we must do more to protect our civilian population from the scourge of biological weapons. In his commencement speech at Annapolis, he announced that the government would develop a comprehensive strategy to address this threat. There are four critical areas of focus: First, if terrorists release bacteria or viruses to harm Americans, we must be able to identify the pathogens with speed and certainty. The President's plan will seek to improve our public health and medical surveillance systems so the alarm can be sounded fast. These improvements will benefit not only our preparedness for a biological weapons attack -- they will pay off in an enhanced ability to respond quickly and effectively to outbreaks of emerging infectious diseases. Second, our emergency response personnel must have the training and equipment to do their jobs right. Building on current programs, President Clinton's plan will ensure that federal, state and local authorities have the resources and the knowledge they need to deal with a crisis. Third, we must have the medicines and vaccines needed to treat those who fall sick or prevent those at risk from falling ill because of a biological weapons attack. President Clinton will propose the creation of an unprecedented civilian medical stockpile. The choice of medicines and vaccines to be stockpiled will be made on the basis of the pathogens that are most likely to be in the hands of terrorists or hostile powers. Fourth, the revolution in biotechnology offers enormous possibilities for combating biological weapons. President Clinton's plan will set out a coordinated research and development effort to use the advances in genetic engineering and biotechnology to create the next generation of medicines, vaccines and diagnostic tools for use against these weapons. # # #
Date: Fri, 22 May 1998 14:15:03 -0400 From: dlnews_sender@DTIC.MIL Subject: DoD News Releases To: DODNEWS-L@DTIC.MIL = N E W S R E L E A S E = = OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE = (PUBLIC AFFAIRS) = WASHINGTON, D.C. 20301 = = PLEASE NOTE DATE ==================================================== No. 255-98 (703)695-0192(media) IMMEDIATE RELEASE May 22, 1998 (703)697-5737(public/industry) TOTAL FORCE ANTHRAX VACCINATION DECISION ANNOUNCED Secretary of Defense William S. Cohen has directed the military to proceed with the previously publicized plan to vaccinate all active duty personnel and Selected Reserves with the FDA-licensed Anthrax vaccine. Total Force vaccinations for about 2.4 million military Service members are expected to begin this summer. Cohen explained that, "I have approved implementation of the Anthrax Vaccination Program for the total force. This is an efficient, effective and safe way to protect our forces against an emerging threat. "On December 15, 1997, I made implementation of the program contingent on the successful completion of four conditions: supplemental testing of the vaccine; assured tracking of immunizations; approved operational and communications plans; and review of the health and medical aspects of the program by an independent expert," Cohen said. "All conditions for implementing the anthrax vaccination program for the total force have now been met. Vaccinations of the active components and Selected Reserve shall proceed consistent with all specifications of the Food and Drug Administration approved product labeling." Today, during his commencement address at the U.S. Naval Academy, President Clinton emphasized the importance of this initiative. Clinton said, "Because our troops serve on the frontline of freedom we must take special care to protect them. So we have been working on vaccinating them against biological threats and now we will inoculate all our armed forces, active duty and reserves against deadly anthrax bacteria." The Secretary of the Army will be the Executive Agent for the Department's Anthrax Vaccination Program. The Army, on behalf of the Executive Agent, will manage and administer the overall program and monitor the Services' progress of their respective implementation plans. After a three-year review, Cohen concluded that the vaccination is the safest way to protect highly mobile U.S. military forces against a potential threat that is 99 percent lethal to unprotected individuals. "This is a force protection issue that was recommended by the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff," Cohen said. "To be effective, force health protection must be comprehensive, well-documented and consistent. I have instructed the military to put such a program in place." Cohen and Gen. Henry H. Shelton, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, have both started taking the anthrax vaccinations. Immunization for our troops is a prudent action. The immunization program will consist of a series of six inoculations per Service member over an 18-month period, followed by an annual booster. Although protection levels increase as shots in the primary series are given; the entire six-shot series is required for full protection, as determined by the FDA. The total force anthrax vaccination plans were first announced in December 1997. In March 1998, the vaccination program was accelerated for troops assigned or deploying to Southwest Asia after all four conditions for implementation had been successfully met in theater. The estimated cost to vaccinate the total force over a six to seven-year period is approximately $130 million. This includes associated costs for transportation, storage, and administration of the program. The phased vaccination program will take six to seven years to complete. Next in priority after those in Southwest Asia and Northeast Asia are early deploying forces. The remainder of the force, including the reserves and National Guard, and new recruits will follow. Annual booster vaccinations for all Service members will become a routine part of force health protection. More information about the Defense Department's anthrax vaccination program is available on the World Wide Web at: http://www.defenselink.mil/other_info/protection.html -END-