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Space Handbook



ABM             antiballistic missile 
ADCOM           Aerospace Defense Command 
ADTV            Agena docking target vehicle 
AEC             Atomic Energy Commission 
AFB             Air Force base 
AFEWC           Air Force Electronic Warfare Center 
AFGWC           Air Force Global Weather Central 
AFIC            Air Force Intelligence Command 
AFS             Air Force station 
AFSATCOM        Air Force Satellite Communications System 
AFSCN           Air Force Satellite Control Network 
AFSPACECOM      Air Force Space Command 
AIS             American Interplanetary Society 
AMOS            Air Force Maui Optical Station 
ANMM            AFSPACECOM National Mission Model 
AO              area of operations 
ARDC            Air Research and Development Command 
ARPA            Advanced Research Projects Agency 
ARS             American Rocket Society 
ARTS            automated remote tracking station 
ASAT            antisatellite 
ASSC            Alternate Space Surveillance Center 
ATBM            antitactical ballistic missile 
AWACS           Airborne Warning and Control System 

BDA             battle damage assessment 
BE              Brilliant Eyes 
BM              battle management 
BMD             ballistic missile defense 
BMEWS           Ballistic Missile Early Warning System 
BoMi            bomber missile 
BP              Brilliant Pebbles 

C3              command, control, and communications 
CACS            command and control squadron 
CCAFS           Cape Canaveral Air Force Station 
CCC             communications control complex 
CCS             command and control system 
CENTCOM         Central Command 
CGS             CONUS ground station 
CIA             Central Intelligence Agency 
CIC             Combat Intelligence Center 
CMAFB           Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Base 
CONUS           continental United States 
CROSS           Combined RF/Optical Surveillance System 
CS              Constant Source 
CSP             contact support plan 
CSTC            Consolidated Space Test Center 
CTS             Colorado Tracking Station 

DARPA           Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency 
DDC             Data Distribution Center 
DE              directed energy 
DEW             directed energy weapons 
DLT             data link terminal 
DMA             Defense Mapping Agency 
DMCO            Delta mission checkout 
DMSP            Defense Meteorological Satellite Program 
DOD             Department of Defense 
DSCS            Defense Satellite Communications System 
DSIS            Defense Communications System/Satellite Control Facility  
                Interface System 
DSMM            DOD Spacelift Mission Model 
DSP             Defense Support Program 
DSTS            deep-space tracking system 

E2I             endo-exoatmospheric interceptors 
EDC             Earth Resources Observation System Data Center 
EGS             European ground station 
EHF             extremely high frequency 
ER              Eastern Range 
EROS            Earth Resources Observation System 
EVA             extra-vehicular activity 
EW              electronic warfare 

FEWS            Follow-on Early Warning System 
FLTSATCOM       Fleet Satellite Communications System 
FNOC            Navy Fleet Numerical Oceanography Center 
FOBS            fractional orbit bombardment system 
FSOC            Fairchild Satellite Operations Center 

GAO             General Accounting Office 
GBI             ground-based interceptors 
GBRT            ground-based radar trackers 
GC              ground controller 
GEM             graphite epoxy motors 
GEODSS          ground-based electro-optical deep space surveillance 
GHz             gigahertz 
GPALS           global protection against limited strikes 
GPS             Global Positioning System 
GSTS            ground-based surveillance and tracking system 
GT              Gemini Titan 
GTO             geostationary transfer orbit 

HEDI            high-endoatmospheric defense interceptor 
HPF             horizontal processing facility 
HPTF            high pressure test facility 

IA              interim agreement 
ICBM            intercontinental ballistic missile 
IDSCS           Initial Defense Satellite Communications System 
IGY             International Geophysical Year 
IOC             initial operational capability 
IR              infrared 
IRBM            intermediate range ballistic missile 
IRO             interrange operations 

JCS             Joint Chiefs of Staff 
J-STARS         Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System 

KE              kinetic energy 
KMR             Kwajalein Missile Range 
KSC             Kennedy Space Center 

LASS            low-altitude surveillance system 
LCO             lead communications operator 
LEASAT          Leased Satellite Communications System 
LSO             Launch Services Office 
LWIR            long wavelength infrared 

MA              Mercury Atlas 
MCS             master control station 
MCT             mission control team 
MECO            main engine cutoff 
MHV             miniature homing vehicle 
MILSATCOM       military satellite communications 
Milstar         military, strategic, and tactical relay satellite 
MIRV            multiple independently targetable reentry vehicle 
MLV             medium launch vehicle 
MOL             Manned Orbital Laboratory 
MOTIF           Maui Optical Tracking and Identification Facility 
MPF             multi-purpose facility 
MPSOC           Multi-Purpose Satellite Operations Center 
MR              Mercury Redstone 
MSI             multispectral imagery 
MSR             missile site radar 
MSS             multispectral scanner 
MWS             missile warning squadron 

NACA            National Advisory Committee on Aeronautics 
NASA            National Aeronautics and Space Administration 
NASP            national aerospace plane 
NATO            North Atlantic Treaty Organization 
NAVSPASUR       Naval Space Surveillance 
NAVSTAR         Navigation Satellite Timing and Ranging 
NCA             National Command Authorities 
NCS             network control system 
NFL             new foreign launch 
NICSCOA         NATO Integrated Communications System Operating Agency 
NLS             national launch system 
NMCC            National Military Command Center 
NORAD           North American Aerospace Defense Command 
NPF             Navstar Processing Facility 
NRL             Naval Research Laboratory 
NRT             near real time 
NSC             National Security Council 
NSD             National Security Directive 
NSDD            National Security Decision Directive 
NSDM            National Security Decision Memorandum 
NSpC            National Space Council 
NSSF            Navstar Satellite Storage Facility 
NSPD            national space policy directives 
NUDET           nuclear detonation 

OC              operations center 
OGS             overseas ground station 
OIS             orbit insertion system 
OLS             operational linescan system 
OPS             operations 
OSMC            Operational Software Maintenance Complex 

P&A             plans and analysis 
PAR             perimeter acquisition radar 
PARCS           Perimeter Acquisition Radar Attack Characterization System 
PASS            Passive Surveillance System 
PBV             post-boost vehicle 
PD              presidential directive 
PMALS           prototype miniature air launched system 
PSF             payload servicing facility 

RADINT          radar intelligence 
RC              resource controller 
RCC             resource control complex 
RCS             radar cross section 
                reaction control system 
RC/TA           remote communications/telemetry areas 
R&D             research and development 
RF              radio frequency 
RS              resource scheduling 
RTS             remote tracking station 
RV              reentry vehicle 

SA              selective availability 
SAC             Strategic Air Command 
SAINT           Air Force satellite interceptor 
SALT            Strategic Arms Limitation Talks 
SAM             surface-to-air missile 
SATCOM          satellite communications 
SBWAS           space-based wide area surveillance 
SCOUT           Solid Controlled Orbital Utility Test 
SCS             satellite control squadron 
SDIO            Strategic Defense Initiative Organization 
SDTL            Software Development Test Laboratories 
SHAPE           Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe 
SLAG            Space Launch Advisory Group 
SLBM            submarine-launched ballistic missile 
SOC             satellite operations center 
SOG             satellite operations group 
SOI             space object identification 
SPADOC          Space Defense Operations Center 
SRB             solid rocket booster 
SRM             solid rocket motor 
SRMU            solid rocket motor upgrade 
SSC             Space Surveillance Center 
SSN             space surveillance network 
SSTO            single stage to orbit 
SSTS            space-based surveillance and tracking system 
STG             Space Task Group 
STS             space transportation system 
SV              space vehicles 

TACELINT        tactical electronic intelligence 
tacsat          tactical satellite 
TAF             tactical air force 
TBM             tactical ballistic missile 
TENCAP          Tactical Exploitation of National Capabilities Program 
TEOB            tactical elint order of battle 
TERS            Tactical Event Reporting System 
TIP             tracking impact prediction 
TM              thematic mapper 
T/R             transmit/receive 
TRAP            tactical and related applications 
TRW             Thompson-Ramo-Wooldridge 
TT&C            telemetry, tracking, and commanding 
TW/AA           tactical warning/attack assessment 

UFO             ultra high frequency follow-on 
UHF             ultra high frequency 
UN              United Nations 
USCENTCOM       United States Central Command 
USCINCSPACE     United States commander in chief Space Command 
USSPACECOM      United States Space Command 

VAFB            Vandenberg Air Force Base 
VTS             Vandenberg Tracking Station 

WCP             wing command post 
WR              Western Range 
WSMR            White Sands Missile Test Range 

[End Space Handbook, Volume I]