16 December 2005. See also:
NSA Spied Inside the US (December 15, 2005) http://cryptome.org/nsa-spied-us.htm
1975 report by the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence Activities, "The National Security Agency and Fourth Amendment Rights": http://cryptome.org/nsa-4th.htm
23 June 2001. Thanks to the National Security Archive.
Source: http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB23/07-01.htm et seq.
This supercedes USSID 18, dated 20 October 1980:
This is one of three related documents on regulation of US intelligence agency surveillance and investigation of U.S. persons. The other two:
"DoD 5240.1-R, Procedures Governing the Activities of DoD Intelligence Components That Affect United States Persons:"http://cryptome.org/dod5240-1-r.htm
"Attorney General Guidelines for FBI Foreign Intelligence Collection and Foreign Counterintelligence Investigations:"http://cryptome.org/fbi-guide.htm
See related National Security Agency report to Congress on "Legal Standards for the Intelligence Community in Conducting Electronic Surveillance:"
See Jeffrey Richelson's report in the March issue of Bulletin of Atomic Scientists:
Classifications: S-CCO = Secret-Comint Channels Only; S = Secret; C = Confidential; FOUO = For Official Use Only; U = Unclassified.
S-CCO) indicates cancelled classification. xxxxx
indicates redaction. Red text indicates redacted
text that has been restored with text from other sources.
[52 pages. Same classification markings on all pages except as
See Letter of Promulgation for instructions on reproduction or release of
CLASSIFIED BY NSA.CSSM 123-2
DECLASSIFY ON: ORIGINATING AGENCY'S DETERMINATION REQUIRED
HANDLE VIA COMINT CHANNELS ONLY
27 July 1993
(U) this USSID prescribes policies and procedures and assigns responsibilities to ensure that the missions and functions of the United States SIGINT System (USSS) are conducted in a manner that safeguards the constitutional rights of U.S. persons.
(U) This USSID has been completely rewritten to make it shorter and easier to understand. It constitutes a summary of the laws and regulations directly affecting USSS operations. All USSS personnel who collect, process, retain, or disseminate information to, from, or about U.S. persons or persons in the United States must be familiar with its contents.
FOUO) This USSID supercedes USSID 18 and USSID 18, Annex
A (distributed separately to selected recipients), both of which are dated
20 October 1980, and must now be destroyed. Notify DIRNSA/CHSS (USSID Manager)
if this edition of USSID 18 is destroyed because of an emergency action;
otherwise, request approval from DIRNSA/CHSS before destroying this USSID.
FOUO) Release or exposure of this document to contractors
and consultants without approval from the USSID Manager is prohibited.
Instructions applicable to release or exposure of USSID to contractors and
consultants may be found in USSID 19.
FOUO) Questions and comments concerning this USSID should
be addressed to the Office of the General Counsel, NSA/CSS
xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx NSTS 963-3121 or STU III 688-5015).
J. M. McCONNELL
Vice Admiral, U.S. Navy
27 July 1993
SECTION 1 - PREFACE
SECTION 2 - REFERENCES
SECTION 3 - POLICY
SECTION 4 - COLLECTION
4.1 Communications to, from or About U.S. Persons and xxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxx to the United Statesa. Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court Approval
b. Attorney General Approval
c. DIRNSA/CHSS Approval
d. Emergency Situations
e. Annual Reports
4.3 Incidental Acquisition of U.S. Person Information
4.8 Distress Signals
4.9 COMSEC Monitoring and Security Testing of Automated Information Systems
SECTION 5 - PROCESSING
5.3 Forwarding of Intercepted Material
5.4 Nonforeign Communicationsa. Communications between Persons in the United States
b. Communications between U.S. Persons
c. Communications involving an Office or Employee of the U.S. Government
5.5 Radio Communications with a Terminal in the United States
SECTION 6 - RETENTION
6.1 Retention of Communications to, from, or About U.S. Personsa. Unenciphered Communications; and Communications Necessary to Maintain Technical Bases for Cryptanalytic or Traffic Analysis Purposes
b. Communications Which Could be Disseminated Under Section 7
SECTION 7 - DISSEMINATION
7.1 Focus of SIGINT Reports
7.2 Dissemination of U.S. Persons Identitiesa. Consent
b. Publicly Available Information
c. Information Necessary to Understand or Assess
7.3 Approval Authoritiesa. DIRNSA/CHSS
b. Field Units
c. DDO and Designees
7.4 Privileged Communications and Criminal Activities
7.5 Improper Dissemination
SECTION 8 - RESPONSIBILITIES
SECTION 9 - DEFINITIONS
ANNEX A - PROCEDURES IMPLEMENTING THE FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE SURVEILLANCE ACT (U)
APPENDIX 1 - STANDARDIZED MINIMIZATION PROCEDURES FOR NSA ELECTRONIC SURVEILLANCE
ANNEX B - OPERATIONAL ASSISTANCE TO THE FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION (U)
ANNEX C - SIGNALS INTELLIGENCE SUPPORT TO U.S. AND ALLIED MILITARY EXERCISE COMMAND AUTHORITIES (U)
ANNEX D - TESTING OF ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT (U)
ANNEX E - SEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OPERATIONS (U)
ANNEX F - xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
ANNEX G - TRAINING OF PERSONNEL IN THE OPERATION AND USE OF SIGINT COLLECTION AND OTHER SURVEILLANCE EQUIPMENT (U)
ANNEX H - CONSENT FORMS (U)
ANNEX I -
ANNEX J - PROCEDURES FOR MONITORING RADIO COMMUNICATIONS OR SUSPECTED
INTERNATIONAL NARCOTICS TRAFFICKERS (Issued separately to selected recipients)
S-CCO) [Not provided here.]
ANNEX K -
TOTAL COPIES 1193
1 G112/SENIOR SPAN
2 G5 NSOC (ASGC)
1 G5 NSOC (BSGC)
1 G5 NSOC (NALA)
1 G5 NSOC (NMJIC)
1 G5 NSOC (SRO)
1 G5 NSOC (WSGC)
1 K52 (RAINFALL)
1 K609 [sic]
150 P0442 (STOCK)
1 W335 (SOC)
[3 pages of
[2 pages withheld under "(b)(3) of the FOIA, 50 U.S.C. § 402 note (Public Law 86-36)".]
1.1 (U) The Fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution protects all U.S. persons anywhere in the world and all persons within the United States from unreasonable searches and seizures by any person or agency acting on behalf of the U.S. Government. The Supreme Court has ruled that the interception of electronic communications is a search and seizure within the meaning of the Fourth Amendment. It is therefore mandatory that signals intelligence (SIGINT) operations be conducted pursuant to procedures which meet the reasonableness requirements of the Fourth Amendment.
1.2 (U) In determining whether United States SIGINT System (USSS) operations are "reasonable," it is necessary to balance the U.S. Government's need for foreign intelligence information and the privacy interests of persons protected by the Fourth Amendment. Striking that balance has consumed much time and effort by all branches of the United States government. The results of that effort are reflected in the references listed in Section 2 below. Together, these references require the minimization of U.S. person information collected, processed, retained or disseminated by the USSS. The purpose of this document is to implement these minimization requirements.
1.3 (U) Several themes run throughout this USSID. The most important is that intelligence operations and the protection of constitutional rights are not incompatible. It is not necessary to deny legitimate foreign intelligence collection or suppress legitimate foreign intelligence information to protect the Fourth Amendment rights of U.S. persons.
1.4 (U) Finally, these minimization procedures implement the constitutional
principle of "reasonableness" by giving different categories of individuals
and entities different levels of protection. These levels range from the
stringent protection accorded U.S. citizens and permanent resident aliens
in the United States to provisions relating to foreign diplomats in the U.S.
These differences reflect yet another main theme of these procedures, that
is, that the focus of all foreign intelligence operations is on foreign entities
2.1 (u) References
a. 50 U.S.C. 1801, et seq., Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) of 1978, Public Law No. 95-511.
b. Executive Order 12333, "United States Intelligence Activities," dated 4 December 1981.
c. DoD Directive 5240.1, "Activities of DoD Intelligence Components that Affect U.S. Persons," dated 25 April 1988.
d. NSA/CSS Directive No. 10-30, "Procedures Governing Activities of NSA/CSS that Affect U.S. Persons," dated 20 September 1990.
3.1 (U) The policy of the USSS is to TARGET or COLLECT only FOREIGN COMMUNICATIONS.* The USSS will not intentionally COLLECT communications to, from or about U.S. PERSONS or persons or entities in the U.S. except as set forth in this USSID. If the USSS inadvertently COLLECTS such communications, it will process, retain and disseminate them only in accordance with this USSID.
* Capitalized words in Section 3 through 9 are defined terms in Section 9.
4.1 (S-CCO) Communications which are known to be to, from or about U.S. PERSONS oxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx not be intentionally intercepted. [1 line redacted.]
a. With the approval of the United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court under the conditions outlined in Annex A of this USSID.
b. With the approval of the Attorney General of the United States, if:(1) The COLLECTION is directed against the following:(a) Communications to or from U.S. PERSONS outside of the UNITED STATES, or
(b) International communications to, from, [1 line redacted.]
(c) Communications which are not to or from but merely about U.S. PERSONS (wherever located).
(2) The person is an AGENT OF A FOREIGN POWER, and
(3) The purpose of the COLLECTION is to acquire significant FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE information.
c. With the approval of the Director, National Security Agency/Chief, Central Security Service (DIRNSA/CHCSS), so long as the COLLECTION need not be approved by the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court or the Attorney General, and(1) The person has CONSENTED to the COLLECTION by executing one of the CONSENT forms contained in Annex H, or
(2) The person is reasonably believed to be held captive by a FOREIGN POWER or group engaged in INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM, or
(3) The TARGETED [3 lines redacted.]
(4) [3 lines redacted.]
(5) [5 lines redacted.](a) A non-U.S. PERSON located outside the UNITED STATES, or
(b) [1 line redacted.]
(6) Copies of approvals granted by DIRNSA/CHCSS under these provisions will be retained in the Office of the General Counsel for review by the Attorney General.
d. Emergency Situations(1) In emergency situations, DIRNSA/CHCSS may authorize the COLLECTION of information to, from or about a U.S. PERSON who is outside the UNITED STATES when securing the prior approval of the Attorney General is not practical because:(a) The time required to obtain such approval would result in the loss of significant FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE and would cause substantial harm to the national security.
(b) A person's life or physical safety is reasonably believed to be in immediate danger.
(c) The physical security of a defense installation or government property is reasonably believed to be in immediate danger.
(2) In those cases where DIRNSA/CHCSS authorizes emergency COLLECTION, except for actions taken under paragraph c.(1)(b) above, DIRNSA/CHCSS shall find that there is probably cause that the TARGET meets one of the following criteria:(a) A person who, for or on behalf of a FOREIGN POWER, is engaged in clandestine intelligence activities (including covert activities intended to affect the political or governmental process), sabotage, or INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM activities, or activities in preparation for INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM activities; or who conspires with, or knowingly aids and abets a person engaging in such activities.
(b) A person who is an officer or employee of a FOREIGN POWER.
(c) A person unlawfully acting for, or pursuant to the direction of, a FOREIGN POWER. The mere fact that a person's activities may benefit or further the aims of a FOREIGN POWER is not enough to bring that person under this subsection, absent evidence that the person is taking direction from, or acting in knowing concert with, the FOREIGN POWER.
(d) A CORPORATION or other entity that is owned or controlled directly or indirectly by a FOREIGN POWER.
(e) A person in contact with, or acting in collaboration with, an intelligence or security service of a foreign power for the purpose of providing access to information or material classified by the United States to which such person has access.
(3) In all cases where emergency collection is authorized, the following steps shall be taken:(a) The General Counsel will be notified immediately that the COLLECTION has started.
(b) The General Counsel will initiate immediate efforts to obtain Attorney General approval to continue the collection. If Attorney General approval is not obtained within seventy two hours, the COLLECTION will be terminated. If the Attorney General approves the COLLECTION, it may continue for the period specified in the approval.
e. Annual reports to the Attorney General are required for COLLECTION conducted under paragraphs 4.1.c.(3) and (4). Responsible analytic offices will provide such reports through the Deputy Director for Operations (DDO) and the General Counsel to the DIRNSA/CHCSS for transmittal to the Attorney General by 31 January of each year.
S-CCO) [2 lines redacted.]
[3 lines redacted.]
[2 lines redacted.]
4.3 (U) Incidental Acquisition of U.S. PERSON Information. Information to, from or about U.S. PERSONS acquired incidentally as a result of COLLECTION directed against appropriate FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE TARGETS may be retained and processed in accordance with Section 5 and Section 6 of this USSID.
S-CCO) [1 line redacted.]
a. [3 lines redacted.](1) [1 line redacted.]
(2) [2 lines redacted.]
b. [2 lines redacted.]
c. [2 lines redacted.]
d. [3 lines redacted.]
C-CCO) [1 line redacted.]
a. [3 lines redacted.]
b. [2 lines redacted.]
S-CCO) [3 lines redacted.]
C-CCO) [6 lines redacted.]
4.8 (U) Distress Signals. Distress signals may be intentionally collected, processed, retained, and disseminated without regard to the restrictions contained in this USSID.
4.9 (U) COMSEC Monitoring and Security Testing of Automated Information Systems.
Monitoring for communications security purposes must be conducted with the
consent of the person being monitored and in accordance with the procedures
established in National Telecommunications and Information Systems Security
Directive 600, Communications Security (COMSEC) Monitoring, dated 10 April
1990. Monitoring for communications security purposes is not governed by
this USSID. Intrusive security testing to assess security vulnerabilities
in automated information systems likewise is not governed by this USSID.
S-CCO) [3 lines redacted.]
a. [3 lines redacted.]
b. [3 lines redacted.]
c. [3 lines redacted.]
a. [3 lines redacted.]
b. [3 lines redacted.]
c. A copy of the results of the review will be provided to the Inspector General and the General Counsel.
C-CCO) Forwarding of Intercepted Material. FOREIGN
COMMUNICATIONS collected by the USSS may be forwarded as intercepted to NSA,
intermediate processing facilities, and collaborating centers.
S-CCO) Nonforeign Communications.
a. Communications between persons in the UNITED STATES. Private radio communications solely between persons in the UNITED STATES inadvertently intercepted during the COLLECTION of FOREIGN COMMUNICATIONS will be promptly destroyed unless the Attorney General determines that the contents indicate a threat of death or serious bodily harm to any person.
b. Communications between U.S. PERSONS. Communications solely between U.S. PERSONS will be treated as follows:(1) Communications solely between U.S. PERSONS inadvertently intercepted during the COLLECTION of FOREIGN COMMUNICATIONS will be destroyed upon recognition, if technically possible, except as provided in paragraph 5.4.d below.
(2) Notwithstanding the preceding provision, cryptologic data (e.g., signal and encipherment information) and technical communications (e.g., circuit usage) may be extracted and retained from those communications if necessary to:(a) Establish or maintain intercept, or
(b) Minimize unwanted intercept, or
(c) Support cryptologic operations related to FOREIGN COMMUNICATIONS.
c. Communications involving an Office or Employee of the U.S. Government. Communications to or from any officer or employee of the U.S. Government, or any state or local government, will not be intentionally intercepted. Inadvertent INTERCEPTIONS of such communications (including those between foreign TARGETS and U.S. officials) will be treated as indicated in paragraphs 5.4.a. and b., above.
d. Exceptions: Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 5.4.b. and c., the DIRNSA./CHCSS may waive the destruction requirement for international communications containing, inter alia, the following types of information:(1) Significant FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE, or
(2) Evidence of a crime or threat of death or serious bodily harm to any person, or
(3) Anomalies that reveal a potential vulnerability to U.S. communications security. Communications for which the Attorney General or DIRNSA/CHCSS's waiver is sought should be forwarded to NSA/CSS, Attn:
S-CCO) Radio Communications with a Terminal in the
a. All radio communications that pass over channels with a terminal in the UNITED STATES must be processed xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx unless those communications occur over channels used exclusively by a FOREIGN POWER.
b. International common-access radio communications that pass over channels with terminal in the UNITED STATES xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx may be processed xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx if necessary to determine whether a channel contains communications of FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE interest which NSA may wish to collect. Such processing may not exceed two hours without the specific prior written approval of the DDO and, in any event, shall be limited to the minimum amount of time necessary to determine the nature of communications on the channel and the amount of such communications that include FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE. Once it is determined that the channel contains sufficient communications of FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE interest to warrant COLLECTION and exploitation to produce FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE [1 line redacted.]
c. Copies of all DDO written approvals made pursuant to 5.5.b. must be provided
to the General Counsel and the Inspector General.
S-CCO) Retention of Communications to, from or About
a. Except as otherwise provided in Annex A, Appendix 1, Section 4, communications to, from or about U.S. PERSONS that are intercepted by the USSS may be retained in their original or transcribed form only as follows:(1) Unenciphered communications not thought to to contain secret meaning may be retained for five years unless the DDO determines in writing that retention for a longer period is required to respond to authorized FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE requirements.
(2) Communications necessary to maintain technical data bases for cryptanalytic or traffic analytic purposes may be retained for a period sufficient to allow a thorough exploitation and to permit access to data that are, or are reasonably believed likely to become, relevant to a current or future FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE requirement. Sufficient duration may vary with the nature of the exploitation and may consist of any period of time during which the technical data base is subject to, or of use in, cryptanalysis. If a U.S. PERSON's identity is not necessary to maintaining technical data bases, it should be deleted or replaced by a generic term when practicable.
b. Communications which could be disseminated under Section 7, below (i.e., without elimination of references to U.S. PERSONS) may be retained in their original or transcribed form.
S-CCO) Access. Access to raw traffic storage systems
which contain identities of U.S. PERSONS must be limited to SIGINT production
C-CCO) Focus of SIGINT Reports. All SIGINT reports
will be written so as to focus solely on the activities of foreign entities
and persons and their agents. Except as provided in Section 7.2., FOREIGN
INTELLIGENCE information concerning U.S. PERSONS must be disseminated in
a manner which does not identify the U.S. PERSON. Generic or general terms
or phrases must be substituted for the identity (e.g., "U.S. firm" for the
specific name of a U.S. CORPORATION or "U.S. PERSON" for the specific name
of a U.S. PERSON). Files containing the identities of U.S. persons deleted
from SIGINT reports will be maintained for a maximum period of one year and
any requests from SIGINT customers for such identities should be referred
to P05 P02.
C-CCO) Dissemination of U.S. PERSON Identities. SIGINT
reports may include the identification of a U.S. PERSON only if one of the
following conditions is met and a determination is made by the appropriate
approval authority that the recipient has a need for the identity for the
performance of official duties:
a. The U.S. PERSON has CONSENTED to the dissemination of communications of, or about, him or her and has executed the CONSENT form found in Annex H of this USSID, or
b. The information is PUBLICLY AVAILABLE (i.e., the information is derived from unclassified information available to the general public), or
c. The identity of the U.S. PERSON is necessary to understand FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE information or assess its importance. The following nonexclusive list contains examples of the type of information that meet meet this standard:(1) FOREIGN POWER or AGENT OF A FOREIGN POWER. The information indicates that the U.S. PERSON is a FOREIGN POWER or an AGENT OF A FOREIGN POWER.
(2) Unauthorized Disclosure of Classified Information. The information indicates that the U.S. PERSON may be engaged in the unauthorized disclosure of classified information.
(3) International Narcotics Activity. The information indicates that the individual may be engaged in international narcotics trafficking activities. (See Annex J of this USSID for further information concerning individuals involved in international narcotics trafficking).
(4) Criminal Activity. The information is evidence that the individual may be involved in a crime that has been, is being, or is about to be committed, provided that the dissemination is for law enforcement purposes.
(5) Intelligence TARGET. The information indicates that the U.S. PERSON may be the TARGET of hostile intelligence activities of a FOREIGN POWER.
(6) Threat to Safety. The information indicates that the identity of the U.S. PERSON is pertinent to a possible threat to the safety of any person or organization, including those who are TARGETS. victims or hostages of INTERNATIONAL TERRORIST organizations. Reporting units shall identify to
P05P02 any report containing the identity of a U.S. PERSON reported under this subsection (6). Field reporting to P05P02 should be in the form of a CRITICOMM message (DDIxx) and include the report date-time-group (DTG), product serial number and the reason for inclusion of the U.S. PERSON's identity.
(7) Senior Executive Branch Officials. The identity is that of a senior official of the Executive Branch of the U.S. Government. In this case only the official's title will be disseminated. Domestic political or personal information on such individuals will be neither disseminated nor retained.
C-CCO) Approval Authorities. Approval authorities for
the release of identities of U.S. persons under Section 7 are as follows:
a. DIRNSA/CHCSS. DIRNSA/CHCSS must approve dissemination of:(1) The identities of any senator, congressman, officer, or employee of the Legislative Branch of the U.S. Government.
(2) The identity of any person for law enforcement purposes.
b. Field units and NSA Headquarters Elements. All SIGINT production organizations are authorized to disseminate the identities of U.S. PERSONS when:(1) The identity is pertinent to the safety of any person or organization.
(2) The identity is that of a senior official of the Executive Branch.
(3) The U.S. PERSON has CONSENTED under paragraph 7.2.a. above.
c. DDO and Designees.(1) In all other cases, U.S. PERSON identities may be released only with the prior approval of the Deputy Director for Operations, the Assistant Deputy Director for Operations, the Chief,
P05P02, the Deputy Chief, P05P02, or, in their absence, the Senior Operations Office of the National SIGINT Operations Center. The DDO or ADDO shall review all U.S. identities released by these designees as soon as practicable after the release is made.
(2) For law enforcement purposes involving narcotics-related information, DIRNSA has granted to the DDO authority to disseminate U.S. identities. This authority may not be further delegated.
7.4 (U) Privileged Communications and Criminal Activity. All proposed disseminations of information constituting U.S. PERSON privileged communications (e.g., attorney/client, doctor/patient) and all information concerning criminal activities or criminal or judicial proceedings in the UNITED STATES must be reviewed by the Office of General Counsel prior to dissemination.
7.5 (U) Improper Dissemination. If the name of a U.S. PERSON is improperly
disseminated, the incident should be reported to
within 24 hours of discovery of the error.
8.1 (U) Inspector General. The Inspector General shall:
a. Conduct regular inspections and perform general oversight of NSA/CSS activities to ensure compliance with this USSID.
b. Establish procedures for reporting Key Component and Field Chiefs of their activities and practices for oversight purposes.
c. Report to the DIRNSA/CHCSS, annually by 31 October, concerning NSA/CSS compliance with this USSID.
d. Report quarterly with the DIRNSA/CHCSS and General Counsel to the President's Intelligence Oversight Board through the Assistant to the Secretary of Defense (Intelligence Oversight).
8.2 (U) General Counsel. The General Counsel shall:
a. Provide legal advice and assistance to all elements of the USSS regarding SIGINT activities. Requests for legal advice on any aspect of these procedures should be sent by CRITICOMM to DDIxx, or by NSA/CSS secure telephone 963-3121, or STU III (301) 688-5015.
b. Prepare and process all applications for Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court orders and requests for Attorney General approvals required by these procedures.
c. Advise the Inspector General in inspections and oversight of USSS activities.
d. review and assess for legal implications as requested by the DIRNSA/CHCSS, Deputy Director, Inspector General or Key Components Chiefs, all new major requirements and internally generated USSS activities.
e. Advise USSS personnel of new legislation and case law that may affect USSS missions, functions, operations, activities, or practices.
f. Report as required to the Attorney General and the President's Intelligence Oversight Board and provide copies of such reports to the DIRNSA/CHCSS and affected agency elements.
g. Process requests from any DoD intelligence component for authority to use signals as described in Procedure 5, Part 5, of DoD 5240.1-R, for periods in excess of 90 days in the development, test, or calibration of ELECTRONIC SURVEILLANCE equipment and other equipment that can intercept communications.
8.3 (U) Deputy Director for Operations (DDO). The DDO shall:
a. Ensure that all SIGINT production personnel understand and maintain a high degree of awareness and sensitivity to the requirements of this USSID.
b. Apply the provisions of this USSID to all SIGINT production activities. The DDO staff focal point for USSID matters is
P05P02 (use CRITICOMM DDIxx).
c. Conduct necessary reviews of SIGINT production activities and practices to ensure consistency with this USSID.
d. Ensure that all new major requirements levied on the USSS or internally generated activities are considered for review by the General Counsel. All activities that raise questions of law or the proper interpretation of this USSID must be reviewed by the General Counsel prior to acceptance or execution.
8.4 (U) All Elements of the USSS. All elements of the USSS shall:
a. Implement this directive upon receipt.
b. Prepare new procedures or amend or supplement existing procedures as required to ensure adherence to this USSID. A copy of such procedures shall be forwarded to NSA/CSS, Attn:
c. Immediately inform the DDO of any tasking or instructions that appear to require actions at variance with this USSID.
d. Promptly report to the NSA Inspector General and consult with the NSA General Counsel on all activities that may raise a question of compliance with this USSID.
S-CCO) AGENT OF A FOREIGN POWER, means -
a. Any person, other than a U.S. PERSON, who:(1) Acts in the UNITED STATES as an officer or employee of a FOREIGN POWER, or as a member of a group engaged in INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM or activities in preparation therefor;
(2) Acts for, or on behalf of, a FOREIGN POWER that engages in clandestine intelligence activities in the UNITED STATES contrary to the interests of the UNITED STATES, when the circumstances of such person's presence in the UNITED STATES indicate that such person may engage in such activities in the UNITED STATES, or when such person knowingly aids or abets any person in the conduct of such activities or knowingly conspires with any person to engage in such activities;
b. Any person, including a U.S. PERSON, who:(1) Knowingly engages in clandestine intelligence gathering activities for, or on behalf of, a FOREIGN POWER, which activities involve, or may involve a violation of the criminal statutes of the UNITED STATES; or(2) Pursuant to the direction of an intelligence service or network of a FOREIGN POWER, knowingly engages in any other clandestine intelligence activities for, or on behalf of, such FOREIGN POWER, which activities involve or are about to involve, a violation of the criminal statutes of the UNITED STATES; or
(3) Knowingly engages in sabotage or INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM, or activities that are in preparation therefor, for, or on behalf of, a FOREIGN POWER; or
(4) Knowingly aids or abets any person in the conduct of activities described in paragraphs 9.1.b.(1) through (3) or knowingly conspires with any person to engage in such activities.
c. For all purposes other than the conduct of ELECTRONIC SURVEILLANCE as defined by the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance ACt (see Annex A), the phrase "AGENT OF A FOREIGN POWER" also means any person, including U.S. PERSONS outside of the UNITED STATES, who are officers or employees of a FOREIGN POWER, or who act unlawfully for or pursuant to the direction of a FOREIGN POWER, or who are in contact with or acting in collaboration with an intelligence or security service of a FOREIGN POWER for the purpose of providing access to information or material classified by the UNITED STATES Government and to which the person has or has had access. The mere fact that a person's activities may benefit or further the aims of a FOREIGN POWER is not enough to bring that person under this provision, absent evidence that the person is taking direction from or acting in knowing concert with a FOREIGN POWER.
9.2 (U) COLLECTION means intentional tasking or SELECTION of identified nonpublic communications for subsequent processing aimed at reporting or retention as a file record.
9.3 (U) COMMUNICANT means a sender or intended recipient of a communication.
9.4 (U) COMMUNICATIONS ABOUT A U.S. PERSON are those in which the U.S. PERSON is identified in the communication. A U.S. PERSON is identified when the person's name, unique title, address, or their personal identifier is revealed in the communication in the context of activities conducted by that person or activities conducted by others and related to that person. A mere reference to a product by brand name or manufacturer's name, e.g., "Boeing 707" is not an identification of a U.S. PERSON.
9.5 (U) CONSENT, for SIGINT purposes, means an agreement by a person or organization to permit the USSS to take particular actions that affect the person or organization. An agreement by an organization with the National Security Agency to permit COLLECTION of information shall be deemed valid CONSENT if given on behalf of such organization by an official or governing body determined by the General Counsel, National Security Agency, to have actual or apparent authority to make such an agreement.
9.6 (U) CORPORATIONS, for Purposes of this USSID, are entities legally recognized as separate from the persons who formed, own, or run them. CORPORATIONS have the nationality of the nation state under whose laws they were formed. Thus, CORPORATIONS incorporated under UNITE STATES federal or state law are U.S. PERSONS.
9.7 (U) ELECTRONIC SURVEILLANCE means:
a. In the case of an electronic communication, the acquisition of a nonpublic communication by electronic means without the CONSENT of a person who is a party to the communication.
b. In the case of a nonelectronic communication, the acquisition of a nonpublic communication of electronic means without the CONSENT of a person who is visibly present at the place of communication.
c. The term ELECTRONIC SURVEILLANCE does not include the use of radio direction finding equipment solely to determine the location of a transmitter.
C) FOREIGN COMMUNICATION means a communication that
has at least one COMMUNICANT outside of the UNITED STATES, or that is entirely
among FOREIGN POWERS or between a FOREIGN POWER and officials of a FOREIGN
POWER, but does not include communications intercepted by ELECTRONIC SURVEILLANCE
directed at premises in the UNITED STATES predominantly for residential purposes.
9.9. (U) FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE means information relating to the capabilities, intentions, and activities of FOREIGN POWERS, organizations, or persons, and for purposes of this USSID includes both positive FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE and counterintelligence.
9.10. (U) FOREIGN POWER means:
a. A foreign government or any component thereof, whether or not recognized by the UNITED STATES,
b. A faction of a foreign nation or nations, not substantially composed of UNITED STATES PERSONS,
c. An entity that is openly acknowledged by a foreign government or governments to be directed and controlled by such foreign government or governments,
d. A group engaged in INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM or activities in preparation therefor,
e. A foreign-based political organization, not substantially composed of UNITED STATES PERSONS, or
f. An entity that is directed and controlled by a foreign government or governments.
9.11. (U) INTERCEPTION means the acquisition by the USSS through electronic means of a nonpublic communication to which it is not an intended party, and the processing of the contents of that communication into an intelligible form, but not including the display of signals on visual display devices intended to permit the examination of the technical characteristics of the signals without reference to the information content carried by the signal.
9.12. (U) INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM means activities that:
a. Involve violent acts or acts dangerous to human life that are a violation of the criminal laws of the UNITED STATES or of any State, or that would be a criminal violation if committed within the jurisdiction of the UNITED STATES or any State, and
b. Appear to be intended:(1) to intimidate or coerce a civilian population,
(2) to influence the policy of a government by intimidation or coercion, or
(3) to affect the conduct of a government by assassination or kidnapping, and
c. Occur totally outside the UNITED STATES, or transcend national boundaries in terms of the means by which they are accomplished, the persons they appear intended to coerce or intimidate, or the locale in which their perpetrators operate or seek asylum.
9.13. (U) PUBLICLY AVAILABLE INFORMATION means information that has been published or broadcast for general public consumption, is available on request to a member of the general public, has been seen or heard by a casual observer, or is made available at a meeting open to the general public.
9.14. (C) [3 lines redacted.]
9.15. (C) [3 lines redacted.]
9.16. (U) TARGET, OR TARGETING: See COLLECTION.
9.17. (U) UNITED STATES, when used geographically, includes the 50 states and the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the U.S. Virgin Islands, the Northern Mariana Islands, and any other territory or possession over which the UNITED STATES exercises sovereignty.
C) UNITED STATES PERSON:
a. A citizen of the UNITED STATES,
b. An alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence in the UNITED STATES,
c. Unincorporated groups and associations a substantial number of the members of which constitute a. or b. above, or
d. CORPORATIONS incorporated in the UNITED STATES, including U.S. flag nongovernmental aircraft or vessels, but not including those entities which are openly acknowledged by a foreign government or governments to be directed and controlled by them.
e. The following guidelines apply in determining whether a person is a U.S. PERSON:(1) A person known to be currently in the United States will be treated as a U.S. PERSON unless that person is reasonably identified as an alien who has not been admitted for permanent residence or if the nature of the person's communications or other indicia in the contents or circumstances of such communications give rise to a reasonable belief that such person is not a U.S. PERSON.
(2) A person known to be currently outside the UNITED STATES, or whose location is not known, will not be treated as a U.S. PERSON unless such person is reasonably identified as such or the nature of the person's communications or other indicia in the contents or circumstances of such communications give rise to a reasonable belief that such person is a U .S. person.
(3) A person known to be an alien admitted for permanent residence may be assumed to have lost status as a U.S. PERSON if the person leaves the UNITED STATES and it is known that the person is not in compliance with the administrative formalities provided by law (8 U.S.C. Section 1203) that enable such person to reenter the UNITED STATES without regard to the provisions of law that would otherwise restrict an alien's entry into the UNITED STATES. The failure to follow the statutory procedures provides a reasonable basis to conclude that such alien has abandoned any intention of maintaining status as a permanent resident alien.
(4) An unincorporated association whose headquarters are located outside the UNITED STATES may be presumed not to be a U.S. PERSON unless the USSS has information indicating that a substantial number of members are citizens of the UNITED STATES or aliens lawfully admitted for permanent residence.
(5) CORPORATIONS have the nationality of the nation-state in which they are incorporated. CORPORATIONS formed under U.S. federal or state law are thus U.S. persons, even if the corporate stock is foreign-owned. The only exception set forth above is CORPORATIONS which are openly acknowledged to be directed and controlled by foreign governments. Conversely, CORPORATIONS incorporated in foreign countries are not U.S. PERSONS even if that CORPORATION is a subsidiary of a U.S. CORPORATION.
(6) Nongovernmental ships and aircraft are legal entities and have the nationality of the country in which they are registered. Ships and aircraft fly the flag and are subject to the law of their place of registration.
[Pages A/1 and A/2.]
USSID 18 ANNEX A
27 July 1993
SECTION 1 - PURPOSE AND APPLICABILITY
1.1 (U) The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (the Act) governs the conduct
of certain electronic surveillance activities within the United States to
collect foreign intelligence information. A complete copy of the Act is found
at Annex B to NSA/CSS Directive 10-30. The Act covers the intentional collection
of the communications of a particular, known U.S. person who is in the United
States, all wiretaps in the United States, the acquisition of certain radio
communications where all parties to that communication are located in the
United States, and the monitoring of information in which there is a reasonable
expectation of privacy. The Act requires that all such surveillances be directed
only at foreign powers and their agents as defined by the Act and that all
such surveillances be authorized by the United States Foreign Intelligence
Surveillance Court, or in certain limited circumstances, by the Attorney
SECTION 2 - GENERAL
2.1 (u) Procedures and standards for securing Court or Attorney General
certifications to conduct electronic surveillances are set forth in the Act.
Requests for such orders or certifications should be forwarded by the appropriate
Key Component through the NSA General Counsel to the Director, NSA/Chief,
CSS and should be accompanied by a statement of the facts and circumstances
justifying a belief that the target is a foreign power or an agent of a foreign
power and that each of the facilities or places at which surveillance will
be directed are being used, or are about to be used, by that foreign power
or agent. If the proposed surveillance meets the requirements of the Act
and the Director approves the proposal, attorneys in the Office of the General
Counsel will draw the necessary court application or request for Attorney
SECTION 3 - MINIMIZATION PROCEDURES
S-CCO) Surveillances authorized by the Act are required
to be carried out in accordance with the Act and pursuant to the court order
or Attorney General certification authorizing that particular surveillance.
In some cases, the court orders are tailored to address particular problems,
and in those instances the NSA attorney will advise the appropriate NSA offices
of the terms of the court's orders. In most cases, however, the court order
will incorporate without any changes the standardized minimization procedures
set forth in Appendix 1.
SECTION 4 - RESPONSIBILITIES
4.1 (U) The General Counsel will review all requests to conduct electronic surveillances as defined by the Act, prepare all applications and materials required by the Act, and provide pertinent legal advice and assistance to all elements of the United States SIGINT System.
4.2 (U) The Inspector General will conduct regular inspections and oversight of all SIGINT activities to assure compliance with this Directive.
4.3 (U) All SIGINT managers and supervisors with responsibilities relating
to the Act will ensure that they and their personnel are thoroughly familiar
with the Act, its implementing procedures, and any court orders or Attorney
General certifications pertinent to their mission. Personnel with duties
related to the Act will consult the General Counsel's office for any required
legal advice and assistance or training of newly assigned personnel. Appropriate
records will be maintained demonstrating compliance with the terms of all
court orders and Attorney General certifications, and any discrepancies in
that regard will be promptly reported to the offices of the General Counsel
and Inspector General.
[Pages A-1/1 to A-1/9.]
USSID 18 ANNEX A
27 July 1993
(C1 - Oct 97)
Table of Contents
Section 1 -- Applicability and Scope Section
Section 2 -- Definitions
b. Communications concerning a U.S. Person
c. Communications of a U.S. Person
e. Foreign communication [Domestic Communication]
f. Identification of a U.S. Person
h. Publicly available information
i. Technical data base
j. U.S. Person
Section 3 -- Acquisition and Processing - General
c. Monitoring, Recording, and Processing
d. U.S. Persons Employed by the Foreign Power
e. Destruction of Raw Data
f. Non-Pertinent Communications
g. Change in Target's Location or Status
Section 4 -- Acquisition and Processing - Special Procedures
a. Collection Against Residential Premises
b. Attorney-Client Communications
Section 5 -- Domestic Communications
Section 6 -- Foreign Communications of or Concerning U.S. Persons
Section 7 -- Other Foreign Communications
Section 8 -- xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE SURVEILLANCE COURT
PROCEDURES FOR NSA ELECTRONIC SURVEILLANCES
Pursuant to Section 101(h) of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of
1978 (hereinafter "the Act"), the following procedures have been adopted
by the Attorney General and shall be followed by the NSA in implementing
this electronic surveillance: (U)
SECTION 1 - APPLICABILITY AND SCOPE (U)
These procedures apply to the acquisition, retention, use, and dissemination
of non-publicly available information concerning unconsenting United States
persons that is collected in the course of electronic surveillance as ordered
by the United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court under Section
102(b) or authorized by Attorney General Certification under Section 102(a)
of the Act. These procedures also apply to non-United States persons where
specifically indicated. (U)
SECTION 2 - DEFINITIONS (U)
In addition to the definitions in Section 101 of the Act, the following definitions apply to these procedures:
(a) Acquisition means the collection by NSA through electronic means of a non-public communication to which it is not an intended part. (U)
(b) Communications concerning a United States person include all communications in which a United States person is discussed or mentioned, except where such communications reveal only publicly available information about the person. (U)
(c) Communications of a United States person include all communications to which a United States person is a party. (U)
(d) Consent is the agreement by a person or organization to permit the NSA to take particular actions that affect the person or organization. To be effective, consent must be given by the affected person or organization with sufficient knowledge to understand the action that may be taken and the possible consequences of that action. Consent by an organization shall be deemed valid if given on behalf of the organization by an official or governing body determined by the General Counsel, NSA, to have actual or apparent authority to make such an agreement. (U)
(e) Foreign communication means a communication that has at least one communicant outside the United States, or that is entirely among:
(1) foreign power;
(2) officers or employees of foreign powers; or
(3) a foreign power and officers or employees of a foreign power.
All other communications are domestic
(f) Identification of a United States person means the name, unique title,
address, or other personal identifier of a United States person in the context
of activities conducted by that person or activities conducted by others
that are related to that person. A reference to a product by brand name,
or manufacturer's name or the use of a name in a descriptive sense, e.g.,
"Monroe Doctrine," is not an identification of a United States person.
(g) [2 lines redacted.]
(h) Publicly available information means information that a member of the public could obtain on request, by research of public sources, or by casual observation. (U)
(i) Technical data base means information retained for cryptanalytic, traffic analytic, or signal exploitation purposes.
(j) United States person means a United States person as defined in the Act. The following guidelines apply in determining whether a person who status is unknown is a United States person: (U)
(1) A person known to be currently in the United States will be treated as a United States person unless positively identified as an alien who has not been admitted for permanent residence, or unless the nature or circumstances of the person's communications give rise to a reasonable belief that such person is not a United States person. (U)
(2) A person known to be currently outside the United States, or whose location is unknown, will not be treated as a United States person unless such person can be positively identified positively as such, or the nature or circumstances of the person's communications give rise to a reasonable belief that such person is a United States person.
(3) A person known to be an alien admitted for permanent residence loses status as a United States person if the person leaves the United States and is not in compliance with Title 8, United States Code, Section 1203 enabling re-entry into the United States. Failure to follow the statutory procedures provides a reasonable basis to conclude that such alien has abandoned any intention of maintaining his status as a permanent resident alien.
(4) An unincorporated association whose headquarters or primary office is located outside the United States is presumed not to be a United States person unless there is information indicating that a substantial number of its members are citizens of the United States or aliens lawfully admitted for permanent residence.
SECTION 3 - ACQUISITION AND PROCESSING - GENERAL (U)
(a) Acquisition (U)
The acquisition of information by electronic surveillance shall be made in
accordance with the certification of the Attorney General or the court order
authorizing such surveillance and conducted in a manner designed to the greatest
extent reasonably feasible, to minimize the acquisition of information not
relevant to the authorized purpose of the surveillance.
(b) Verification (U)
At the initiation of the electronic surveillance, the NSA or the Federal
Bureau of Investigation, if providing operational support, shall verify that
the communications lines or telephone numbers being targeted are the lines
or the numbers of the target authorized by court order or Attorney General
certification. Thereafter, collection personnel will monitor the acquisition
of raw data at regular intervals to verify that the surveillance is not avoidably
acquiring communications outside the authorized scope of the surveillance
or information concerning Unite States persons not related to the purpose
of the surveillance. (
(c) Monitoring, Recording, and Processing
(1) Electronic surveillance of the target may be monitored contemporaneously, recorded automatically, or both. (U)
(2) Personnel who monitor the electronic surveillance shall exercise reasonable judgment in determining whether particular information acquired must be minimized and shall destroy inadvertently acquired communications of or concerning a United States person at the earliest practicable point in the processing cycle at which such communication can be identified as either clearly not relevant to the authorized purpose of the surveillance (e.g., the communication does not contain foreign intelligence information) or as containing evidence of a crime which may be disseminated under these procedures. (
(3) Communications of or concerning United States persons that may be related to the authorized purpose of the surveillance may be forwarded to analytic personnel responsible for producing intelligence information from the collected data. Such communications or information may be retained and disseminated only in accordance with Sections 4, 5, and 6 of these procedures. (
(4) Magnetic tapes or other storage media that contain acquired communications may be processed. (
(5) Each communication shall be reviewed to determine whether it is a domestic or foreign communication to or from the targeted premises and is reasonably believed to contain foreign intelligence information or evidence of a crime. Only such communications may be processed. All other communications may be retained or disseminated only in accordance with Sections 5 and 6 of these procedures. (
(6) Magnetic tapes or other storage media containing foreign communications may be scanned xxxxxxxxxxxxx to identify and select communications for analysis [3 lines redacted] (
(7) Further processing, retention and dissemination of foreign communications shall be made in accordance with Sections 4, 6, and 7, as applicable, below. Further processing, storage or dissemination of inadvertently acquired domestic communications shall be made in accordance with Sections 4 and 5 below. (
(d) U.S. Persons Employed by the Foreign Power (
Communications of or concerning United States persons employed by a foreign power may be used and retained as otherwise provided in these procedures except that:
(1) Such United States persons shall not be identified in connection with any communication that the person places or receives on behalf of another unless the identification is permitted under Section 6 of these procedures; and
(2) Personal communications of United States persons that could not be foreign intelligence may only be retained, used, or disseminated in accordance with Section 5 of these procedures. (
(e) Destruction of Raw Data (
Communications and other information including that
reduced to [2 lines redacted] shall be reviewed for retention
in accordance with the standards set forth in these procedures. Communications
and other information, in any form, that do not meet such retention standards
and that are known to contain communications of or concerning United States
persons shall be promptly destroyed. (
(f) Non-pertinent Communications (U)
(1) Communications determined to fall within established categories of non-pertinent communications, such as those set forth in subparagraph (6) of this section, should not be retained unless they contain information that may be disseminated under Sections 5, 6, or 7 below. (U)
(2) Monitors may listen to all communications, including those that initially appear to fall within established categories until they can reasonably determine that the communication cannot be disseminated under Sections 5, 6, or 7 below. (
(3) Communications of United States persons will be analyzed to establish categories of communications that are not pertinent to the authorized purpose of the surveillance.
(4) these categories should be established after a reasonable period of monitoring the communications of targets. (U)
(5) Information that appears to be foreign intelligence may be retained even if it is acquired as a part of a communication falling within a category that is generally non-pertinent. (
(6) Categories of non-pertinent communications which may be applied in these surveillance include:(i) Calls to and from United States Government officials;
(ii) Calls to and from children;
(iii) Calls to and from students for information to aid them in academic endeavors;
(iv) Calls between family members; and
(v) Calls relating solely to personal services, such as food orders, transportation, etc. (
(g) Change in Target's Location or Status (
(1) During periods of known extended absence by a targeted agent of a foreign power from premises under surveillance, only communications to which the target is a party may be retained and disseminated. (
(2) When there is reason to believe that the target of an electronic surveillance is no longer a foreign power or an agent of a foreign power, or no longer occupies the premises authorized for surveillance, that electronic surveillance shall be immediately terminated, and shall not resume unless subsequently approved under the Act. When any person involved in collection or processing of an electronic surveillance being conducted pursuant to the Act becomes aware of information tending to indicate a material change in the status or location of a target, the person shall immediately ensure that the NSA's Office of General Counsel is also made aware of such information. (
SECTION 4 - ACQUISITION AND PROCESSING - SPECIAL PROCEDURES (U)
(a) Collection Against Residential Premises (
(1) An electronic surveillance directed against premises located in the United States and used for residential purposes shall be conducted by technical mean designed to limit the information acquire to communications that have one communicant outside the United States, [1 line redacted]. The technical means employed shall consist of [2 lines redacted] known to be used by the targeted foreign power and its agents. Communications to or from the target residential premises that are processed [2 lines redacted] located in a foreign country, or on the foreign country or foreign city telephone direct dialing codes (area codes) for the areas in which such foreign powers or agents are located. (
(2) [6 lines redacted.]
(3) Domestic communications that are incidentally acquired during collection against residential premises shall be handled under Section 5 of these procedures. (
(b) Attorney-Client Communications (
As soon as it becomes apparent that a communication is between a person who
is known to be under criminal indictment and an attorney who represents that
individual in the matter under indictment (or someone acting on behalf of
the attorney), monitoring of that communication will cease and the communication
shall be identified as an attorney-client communication in a log maintained
for that purpose. The relevant portion of the tape containing that conversation
will be placed under seal and the Department of Justice, Office of Intelligence
Policy and Review, shall be notified so that appropriate procedures may be
established to protect such communications from review or use in any criminal
prosecution, while preserving foreign intelligence information contained
SECTION 5 - DOMESTIC COMMUNICATIONS (U)
(a) Dissemination (U)
Communications identified as domestic communications shall be promptly destroyed, except that:
(1) domestic communications that are reasonably believed to contain foreign intelligence information shall be disseminated to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (including United States person identities) for possible further dissemination by the Federal Bureau of Investigation in accordance with its minimization procedures;
(2) domestic communications that do not contain foreign intelligence information, but that are reasonably believed to contain evidence of a crime that has been, is being, or is about to be committed, shall be disseminated (including United States person identities) to appropriate Federal law enforcement authorities, in accordance with Section 106(b) of the Act and crimes reporting procedures approved by the Secretary of Defense and the Attorney General; and
(3) domestic communications that are reasonably believed to contain technical data base information, as defined in Section 2(i), may be disseminated to the Federal Bureau of Investigation and to other elements of the U.S. SIGINT system. (
(b) Retention (U)
(1) Domestic communications disseminated to Federal law enforcement agencies may be retained by NSA for a reasonable period of time, not to exceed six months (or any shorter period set by court order), to permit law enforcement agencies to determine whether access to original recordings of such communications is required for law enforcement purposes. (
(2) Domestic communications reasonably believed to contain technical data base information may be retained for a period sufficient to allow a thorough exploitation and to permit access to data that are, or are reasonably believed likely to become, relevant to a current or future foreign intelligence requirement. Sufficient duration may vary with the nature of the exploitation. (
S-CCO)a. In the context of a cryptanalytic effort, maintenance of technical data bases requires retention of all communications that are enciphered or reasonably believed to contain secret meaning, and sufficient duration may consist of any period of time during which encrypted material is subject to, or of use in, cryptanalysis. ( S-CCO)
b. In the case of communications that are not enciphered or otherwise thought to contain secret meaning, sufficient duration is one year unless the Deputy Director for Operations, NSA, determines in writing that retention for a longer period is required to respond to authorized foreign intelligence or counterintelligence requirements. (
SECTION 6 - FOREIGN COMMUNICATIONS OR OR CONCERNING
UNITED STATES PERSONS (U)
(a) Retention (U)
Foreign communications of or concerning United States persons acquired by the NSA in the course of electronic surveillance subject to these procedures may be retained only:
(1) if necessary for the maintenance of technical data bases. Retention for this purpose is permitted for a period sufficient to allow a thorough exploitation and to permit access to data that are, or are reasonably believed likely to become, relevant to a current or future foreign intelligence requirement. Sufficient duration may vary with the nature of the exploitation.a. In the context of a cryptanalytic effort, maintenance of technical data bases requires retention of all communications that are enciphered or reasonably believed to contain secret meaning, and sufficient duration may consist of any period of time during which encrypted material is subject to, or of use in, cryptanalysis.
b. In the case of communications that are not enciphered or otherwise thought to contain secret meaning, sufficient duration is one year unless the Deputy Director for Operations, NSA, determines in writing that retention for a longer period is required to respond to authorized foreign intelligence or counterintelligence requirements.
(2) if dissemination of such communications with reference to such United States persons would be permitted under subsection (b) below; or
(3) if the information is evidence of a crime that has been, is being, or is about to be committed and is provided to appropriate federal law enforcement authorities. (
(b) Dissemination (U)
A report based on based on communications of or concerning a United States person may be disseminated in accordance with Section 7 if the identity of the United States person is deleted and a generic term or symbol substituted so that the information cannot reasonably be connected with an identifiable United States person. Otherwise dissemination of intelligence reports based on communications of or concerning a United States person may only be made to a recipient requiring the identity of such a person for the performance of official duties but only if at least one of the following criteria is also met:
(1) the United States person has consented to the dissemination or the information of or concerning the United States person is available publicly;
(2) the identity of the United States person is necessary to understand foreign intelligence information or assess its important, e.g., the identity of a senior official in the Executive Branch;
(3) the communication or information indicates that the United States person may be:(A) an agent of a foreign power;
(B) a foreign power as defined in Section 101(a)(4) or (6) of the Act;
(C) residing outside the United States and holding an official position in the government or military forces of a foreign power;
(D) a corporation or entity that is owned or controlled directly or indirectly by a foreign power; or
(E) acting in collaboration with an intelligence or security service of a foreign power and the United States person has, or has had, access to classified national security information or material.
(4) the communication or information indicates that the United States person may be a target of intelligence activities of a foreign power;
(5) the communication or information indicates that the United States person is engaged in the unauthorized disclosure of classified national security information; but only after the agency that originated the information certifies that it is properly classified;
(6) the communication or information indicates that the United States person maybe engaging in international terrorist activities;
(7) the acquisition of the United States person's communication was authorized by a court order issued pursuant to Section 105 of the Act and the communication may relate to the foreign intelligence purpose of the surveillance;
(8) the communication or information is reasonably believed to contain evident that a crime has been, is being, or is about to be committed, provided that dissemination is for law enforcement purposes and is made in accordance with Section 106(b) of the Act and crimes reporting procedures approved by the Secretary of Defense and the Attorney General. (U)
SECTION 7 - OTHER FOREIGN COMMUNICATIONS (U)
Foreign communications of or concerning a non-United States person may be
retained, used, and disseminated in any form in accordance with other applicable
law, regulation, and policy. (U)
SECTION 8 - XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX (
(a) [4 lines redacted.] (
(b) [2 lines redacted.] (
(c) [3 lines redacted.] (
(d) [6 lines redacted.] (
Approved by Attorney General Janet Reno on 1 July 1997
27 July 1993
OPERATIONAL ASSISTANCE TO THE
FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION (U)
SECTION 1 - GENERAL
1.1. (U) In accordance with the provisions of Section 2.6 of E.O. 12333, and the NSA/FBI Memorandum of Understanding of 25 November 1980, the National Security Agency may provide specialized equipment and technical knowledge to the FBI to assist the FBI in the conduct of its lawful functions. When requesting such assistance, the FBI shall certify to the General Counsel of NSA that such equipment or technical knowledge is necessary to the accomplishment of one or more of the FBI's lawful functions.
1.2 (U) NSA may also provide expert personnel to assist FBI personnel in
the operation or installation of specialized equipment when that equipment
is to be employed to collect foreign intelligence. When requesting the assistance
of expert personnel, the FBI will certify to the General Counsel that such
assistance is necessary to collect foreign intelligence and that the approval
of the Attorney General (and, when necessary, a warrant from a court of competent
jurisdiction) has been obtained.
SECTION 2 - CONTROL
2.1 (U) No operational assistance as discussed in Section 1 shall be provided
without the express permission of the Director, NSA/Chief, CSS, Deputy Director,
NSA, the Deputy Director for Operations, or the Deputy Director for Technology
and Systems. the Deputy Director for Operations and the Deputy director for
Technology and Systems may approve requests for such assistance only with
the concurrence of the General Counsel.
FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY
[Pages C/1 and C/2.]
27 July 1993
SECTION 1 - POLICY
C) Signals intelligence support to U.S. and Allied
military exercise command authorities is provided for in USSID 56 and DoD
Directive 5200.17 (M-2). Joint Chiefs of Staff Memorandum MJCS111-88, 18
August 1988, and USSID 4, 16 December 1988, established doctrine and procedures
for providing signals intelligence support to military commanders. The procedures
in this Annex provide policy guidelines for safeguarding the rights of U.S.
persons in the conduct of exercise SIGINT support activities.
SECTION 2 - DEFINITIONS
2.1. (U) The term "Military Tactical Communications" mean United States and
Allied military exercise communications, within the United States and abroad,
that are necessary for the production of simulated foreign intelligence and
counterintelligence or to permit an analysis of communications security.
SECTION 3 - PROCEDURES
C-CCO)( C) The USSS may collect, process,
store, and disseminate military tactical communications that are also
communications of, or concerning, U.S persons.
a. Collection efforts will be conducted in such a manner as to avoid, to the extent feasible, the intercept of non-exercise-related communications.
b. Military tactical communications may be stored and processed without deletion of references to U.S. persons if the names and communications of the U.S. persons who are exercise participants, whether military, government, or contractor, are contained in, or such communications constitute, exercise-related communications or fictitious communications or information prepared for the exercise.
c. Communications of U.S. persons not participating in the exercise that are inadvertently intercepted during the exercise shall be destroyed a soon as feasible, provided that a record describing the signal or frequency user in technical and generic terms may be retained for signal identification and Collection-avoidance purposes. Inadvertently intercepted communications that contain anomalies in enciphered communications that reveal a potential vulnerability to United States communications security should be forwarded to the NSA Deputy Director for Information Systems Security.
d. Dissemination of military exercise communications, exercise reports, or information files derived from such communications shall be limited to those authorities and persons participating in, or conducting, reviews and critiques thereof.
[Pages D/1 and D/2.]
27 July 1993
TESTING OF ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT (U)
SECTION 1 - PURPOSE AND APPLICABILITY
1.1. (U) This annex applies to the testing of electronic equipment that has
the capability to intercept communications and other non-public information.
Testing includes development, calibration, and evaluation of such equipment,
and will be conducted, to the maximum extent that is practical, without
interception or monitoring of U.S. persons.
SECTION 2 - PROCEDURES
2.1. (U) The USSS may test electronic equipment that has the capability to intercept communications and other information subject to the following limitations:
a. To the maximum extent that is practical, the following should be used:(1) Laboratory-generated signals;
(2) Communications transmitted between terminals located outside the United States not used by any known U.S. persons.
(3) Official government agency communications with the consent of an appropriate official of that agency, or an individual's communications with the consent of that individual;
(4) Public broadcast signals, or
(5) Other communications in which there is no reasonable expectation of privacy (as approved in each instance by the NSA General Counsel).
b. Where it is not practical to test electronic equipment solely against signals described in paragraph 2.1.a, above, testing may be conducted, provided:(1) the proposed test is coordinated with the NSA General Counsel;
(2) the test is limited in scope and duration to that necessary to determine the capability of the equipment;
(3) no particular person is targeted without consent and it is not reasonable to obtain the consent of the persons incidentally subjected to the surveillance; and
(4) The test does not exceed 90 calendar days.
c. Where the test involves communications other than those identified in 2.1.a and a test period longer than 90 days is required, the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act requires that the test be approved by the Attorney General. Such proposals and plans shall be submitted by USSS elements through the General Counsel, NSA, to the Director, NSA/Chief, CSS for transmission to the Attorney General. The test proposal shall state the requirement for an extended test involving such communications, the nature of the test, the organization that will conduct the test, and the proposed disposition of any signals or communications acquired during the test.
2.2. (U) The content of any communication other than communications between non-U.S. persons outside the United States, which are acquired during a test and evaluation shall be:
a. retained only for the purpose of determining the capability of the electronic equipment;
b. disclosed only to persons conducting or evaluating the test; and
c. destroyed before or immediately upon completion of the testing.
2.3. (U) The technical parameters of a communication, such as frequency, modulation, and time of activity of acquired electronic signals, may be retained and used for test reporting or collection-avoidance purposes. Such parameters may be disseminated to other DoD intelligence components and other entities authorized to conduct electronic surveillance, provided such dissemination and use are limited to testing, evaluation, or collection-avoidance purposes.
27 July 1993
SEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OPERATIONS (U)
SECTION 1 - GENERAL
1.1. (U) This annex provides the procedures for safeguarding the rights of U.S. persons when conducting SIGINT search and development activities.
S-CCO) The USSS may conduct search and development
activities with respect to signals throughout the radio spectrum under the
a. Signals may be collected only for the purpose of identifying those signals that:(1) may contain information related to the production of foreign intelligence or counterintelligence;
(2) are enciphered or appear to contain secret meaning;
(3) are necessary to assure efficient signals intelligence collection or to avoid the collection of unwanted signals; or,
(4) reveal vulnerabilities of United States communications security.
b. Communications originated or intended for receipt in the United States or originated or intended for receipt by U.S. persons shall be processed in accordance with Section 5 of USSID 18, provided that information necessary for cataloguing constituent elements of the signal environment may be processed and retained. If such information does not identify a U.S. person, information revealing a United States communications security vulnerability may be retained.
c. Information necessary for cataloging the constituent elements of the signal environment may be disseminated to the extent such information does not identify U.S. persons. Communications equipment nomenclature may be disseminated. Information that reveals a vulnerability to United States communications security may be disseminated to the appropriate communications security authorities.
d. All information obtained in the process of search and development that appears to be of foreign intelligence value may be forwarded to the proper analytic office within NSA for processing and dissemination in accordance with relevant portions of USSID 18.
27 July 1993
SECTION 1 - PROCEDURES
C) [2 lines redacted.]
C) [5 lines redacted.]
[Pages G/1 and G/2.]
FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY
27 July 1993
TRAINING OF PERSONNEL IN THE OPERATION AND USE OF SIGINT COLLECTION AND OTHER
SURVEILLANCE EQUIPMENT (U)
SECTION 1 - APPLICABILITY
1.1. (U) This annex applies to all USSS use of SIGINT collection and other
surveillance equipment for training purposes.
SECTION 2 - POLICY
2.1. (U) Training of USSS personnel in the operation and use of SIGINT collection
equipment shall be conducted, to the maximum extent that is practicable,
without interception of the communications of U.S. persons in the United
States who have not given consent to such interception. Communications and
information protected by the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA)
(see Annex A) will not be collected for training purposes.
SECTION 3 - PROCEDURES
3.1. (U) The training of USSS personnel in the operation and use of SIGINT collection and other surveillance equipment shall include guidance concerning the requirements and restrictions of the FISA, Executive Order 12333, and USSID 18.
3.2. (U) The use of SIGINT collection and other surveillance equipment for training purposes is subject to the following limitations:
a. To the maximum extent that is practical, use of such equipment for training purposes shall be directed against otherwise authorized intelligence targets;
b. The contents of private communications of nonconsenting U.S. persons may not be acquired aurally unless the person is an authorized target of electronic surveillance; and
c. The electronic surveillance will be limited in extent and duration to that necessary to train personnel in the use of the equipment.
3.3. (U) The limitations in paragraph 3.2 do not apply in the following instances:
a. Public broadcasts, distress signals, or official United States Government communications may be monitored, provided that, where government agency communications are monitored, the consent of an appropriate official is obtained; and
b. Minimal acquisition of information is permitted as required for calibration Purposes.
3.4. (U) Information collected during training that involves authorized
intelligence targets may be stored in accordance with Section 6 of USSID
18 and disseminated in accordance with Section 7 of USSID 18. Information
other than distress signals collected during training that does not involve
authorized intelligence targets or that is acquired inadvertently shall be
destroyed as soon as practical or upon completion of the training and may
not be disseminated outside the USSS for any purpose. Distress signals should
be referred to the DDO.
[Pages H/1 to H/3.]
FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY
27 July 1993
CONSENT FORMS (U)
SECTION 1 - PURPOSE
1.1. (U) The forms set forth in this Annex are for use in recording consent
by U.s. persons for USSS elements to collect and disseminate foreign
communications concerning that person. The first form is consent to collect
and disseminate a U.S. person's communications and references to that person
in foreign communications. The second form is consent to collect and disseminate
only references to the U.S. person and does not include communications to
or from that person.
1.2 (U) Section 4.1.c. of USSID 18 states that the Director, NSA/Chief, CSS has authority to approve consensual collection of communications to, from or about U.S. persons. Elements of the USSS proposing to conduct consensual collection should forward a copy of the executed consent form and any pertinent information to the Director, NSA/Chief, CSS for approval.
1.3 (U) The forms provided on the following pages may be reproduced, provided the security classifications (top and bottom) are removed. It is the responsibility of the user to properly reclassify the document in accordance with requisite security guidelines.
USSID 18 ANNEX H
27 July 1993
SIGNALS INTELLIGENCE COVERAGE
I, ______________________________________, hereby consent to the National Security Agency undertaking to seek and disseminate communications to or from or referencing me in foreign communications for the purpose of ________________________________________________________________
This consent applies to administrative messages alerting elements of the United States Signals Intelligence System to this consent, as well as to any signals intelligence reports that may relate to the purpose stated above.
Except as otherwise provided by Executive Order 12333 procedures, this consent covers only information that relates to the purpose stated above and is effective for the period ________ to ________.
Signals intelligence reports containing information derived from communications to or from me may only be disseminated to me and to ___________________________________. Signals intelligence reports containing information derived from communications referencing me may only be disseminated to me and to _________________________________________________ except as otherwise permitted by procedures under Executive Order 12333
USSID 18, ANNEX H
27 July 1993
SIGNALS INTELLIGENCE COVERAGE
I, _________________________________________, hereby consent to the National Security Agency undertaking to seek and disseminate references to me in foreign communications for the purpose of ________________________________________________________________.
This consent applies to administrative messages alerting elements of the United States Signals Intelligence System to this consent, as well as to any signals intelligence reports that may relate to the purpose stated above.
Except as otherwise provided by Executive Order 12333 procedures, this consent covers only references to me in foreign communications and information derived therefrom that relate to the purpose stated above. This consent is effective for the period ________ to ________.
Signals intelligence reports containing information derived from communications referencing me and related to the purpose stated above may only be disseminated to me and to __________________________________ except as otherwise permitted by procedures under Executive Order 12333.
27 July 1993
S-CCO) [6 lines redacted.]
27 July 1993
S-CCO) [8 lines redacted.]
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