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1 January 2014

NSA Codenames

Date: Wed, 1 Jan 2014 16:03:04 -0800 (PST)
From: xxxxxx[at]
To: cryptome <cryptome[at]>
Subject: List of NSA/GCHQ codemanes affiliated with hacking and bugging.

I have compiled a list of codenames used by the NSA/GCHQ that hare affiliated with hacking and bugging. The recent series of Der Spiegel articles has resulted in a dramatic expansion of what is known about them.

I have also included my original spreadsheet, for the use of others who have been maintaining similar lists.

Send any comments or corrections to my twitter handle: @paulmd199, and I will seek to integrate them in to a future expanded version. Which will also integrate codenames from other areas, in order to form a more complete picture.

Original spreadsheet converted to HTML below:

Codename Price/ea Description Note
“Non Cooperative Wireless access point”
Just what it sounds like. The owner of the wireless device doesn't know the NSA is using it. In short, it's been “pwned”
A “Question filled Dataset”
A family of bugs implemented as RF retro reflectors. These communicate with the use of an external radar wave generator such as CTX4000 or PHOTOANGLO. The signals are then processed by a system such as VIEWPLATE, (for the VAGRANT video signal). Known implementations: LOUDAUTO(ambient audio). DROPMIRE (printer/fax), RAGEMASTER (video), SURLYSPAWN (keyboard/mouse). See also: VAGRANT, DROPMIRE, CTX4000, PHOTOANGLO

Spotted on IRONCHEF diagram
malicious BIOS flashing program, known to be associated with DIETYBOUNCE, SWAP

Codename for a 4200 sq. ft. facility in Texas, holding TAO. Employing some 270 employees. Includes a datacenter qith 200 racks covering 9,450 sq. ft..
A software exploit made by Digital Network Technologies (DNT) for Juniper Netscreen ns5xt, ns50, ns200, ns500, ISG 1000, ssg140, ssg5, ssg20, SSG 320M, SSG 350M, SSG 520, SSG 550, SSG 520M, SSG 550M firewalls. Also works on Cisco PIX 500 series and ASA 5505, 5510, 5520, 5540, and 5550 series firewalls. Used for exfiltrating data from target networks. See also FEEDTROUGH, GORUMETTROUGH, JETPLOW
Collection from an FBI implant

mentioned in context of Petrobras story
Software included on SPARROW II mini computers. Also seen in another context on QFIRE slide as part of a “TAO covert network.”. see also: STRAITBIZARRE, QUANTUM, SPARROW II
Base Station Router, use for intercepting GSM cell phone signals. Ships with laptop and accessories, networkable with other units via 802.11. Supports CANDYGRAM and LANDSHARK capabilities.
PCI bus malicious hardware Installed via “interdiction”
Byzantine Anchor (BA)
“BA, a subset of Byzantine Hades, refers to a group of associated computer network intrusions with an apparent nexus to China.” Source: Cablegate
Byzantine Candor (BC)
Refers to a certain class of hacking by Chinese actors. Byzantine Candor is a subset of Byzantine Hades relating to intrusion, including by means of social engineering involving delivering malicious payloads by email. Source: Cablegate
Byzantine Hades (BH)
“a cover term for a series of related computer network intrusions with a believed nexus to China, has affected U.S. and foreign governments as well as cleared defense contractors since at least 2003” Believed to be Chinese state-sponsored (the PLA in particular). Though the evidence is tenuous. (ca 2009). In general, victims of Chinese-affiliated hacking are legitimate businesses, including defense contractors. They have been successful in exfiltrating large volumes of confidential emails and other sensitive documents. Source: Cablegate
CANDYGRAM $40,000.00 Mimics GSM cell tower. Also included in the package are a Windows XP laptop, and cell phone, that communicate with the unit via SMS messages. Capable of targeting 200 phone numbers simultaneously See also: DRTBOX, Stingray, CANDYGRAM, NEBULA, CYCLONE, TYPHON
CDR Diode

Spotted on IRATEMONK, WISTFULTOLL diagrams (Note: Must replay Appelbaum's talk about these), See also: IRATEMONK, STRAITBIZARRE, SEAGULLFARO, UNITEDRAKE, WISTFULLTOLL
Software based malware toolkit “Framework”, likely written in C/C++ (according to resumes posted online) Known products written with it: COTTONMOUTH-I, COTTONMOUTH-II, COTTONMOUTH-III, DROPOUTJEEP
A software based malware, used by the NSA. see also: SEASONEDMOTH, VALIDATOR
A RF communication protocol used by HOWLERMONKEY devices. see also: HOWLERMONKEY
not a codename: Concept of Operations
Commercial Off the Shelf. When a description of a bug says it is COTS-based, it means that the components are commercially available, giving the NSA deniability as to their true source. (Unless you just happen to be looking at the NSA's leaked product catalog. )
COTTONMOUTH-1 (CM-1) $20,300.00 USB cable w/ convert RF transmitter/receiver & malware payload GENIE Compatible, communicates with STRAITBIZARRE, other COTTOMNOUTH devices, reprogrammable, probably related to DEWSWEEPER (possibly a subclass of the same)
COTTONMOUTH-II (CM-II) $4,000.00 A dual-stacked USB port, (the kind that are soldered directly onto a motherboard), providing a covert “long haul” relay across airgapped systems. Like CM-I, and many other systems, it is written with the CHIMNEYPOOL framework, and communicates via STRAITBIZARRE. Unlike CM-I and CM-III, it does not incorporate HOWLERMONKEY or TRINITY. See also: CM-I, CM-III, STRAITBIZARRE, CHIMNEYPOOL. Perhaps a subclass of DEWSWEEPER
COTTONMOUTH-III (CM-III) $24,960.00 A dual-stacked USB port/RJ45 ethernet jack combo, (the kind that are soldered directly onto a motherboard), providing a covert RF relay across airgapped systems. Like CM-I, and many other systems, it is written with the CHIMNEYPOOL framework, and communicates via STRAITBIZARRE. It can communicate with other CM devices with the SPECULATION Protocol. It also integrates TRINITY, and the HOWLERMONKEY RF transceiver. see also: CM-1, CM-II, TRINITY, HOWLERMONKEY, SPECULATION, CHIMNEYPOOL, STRAITBIZARRE. Perhaps a subclass of DEWSWEEPER.
CROSSBEAM $4,000.00 “the CROSSBEAM module consists of a standard ANT architecture embedded computer, a specialized phone component, a customized voice controller suite and and optional DSP (ROCKYKNOB) if using Data Over Voice to transmit data”. Communicates over GSM. Compatible with CHIMNEYPOOL framework. Appears to be a WAGONBED controller board mated with a Motorola G20 GSM module. See also: WAGONBED, CHIMNEYPOOL, ROCKYKNOB.
CRUMPET Covert network (CCN)
Sample drawing included Printers, servers, and computers. All allegedly airgapped. (But not actually, due to covertly installed hardware) Spotted on IRONCHEF diagram
Collection derived from AO's efforts to enable Crypto
A radar wave generator, can produce up to 1kW, output, with the use of external amplifies. designed for DROPMIRE, and VAGRANT. Obsolete, replaced by PHOTOANGLO. see also, DROPMIRE, VAGRANT, PHOTOANGLO
Customs opportunities (not LIFESAVER)
Continuous Wave, such as the ones generated by CTX4000, or PHOTOANGLO.
CYCLONE Hx9 $70,000 (2 month rental) EGSM base station router, used for collection GSM cell phone signals. Shops with laptop and accessories for command and control, uses the same GUI as the TYPHON. Controllable via 802.11 wifi. See also: TYPHON, CANDYGRAM, DRTBOX, NEBULA

Described as an “intermediate redirector node.” Another tool made by Digital Network Technologies (DNT). Spoofs IP and MAC address.
A SIGAD used for TAO, and thus QUANTUM, FOXACID, and the like. see also, QUANTUM, FOXACID.
USB (Universal Serial Bus) hardware host tap that provides COVERT link over USB link into a target network. Operates w/RF relay subsystem to provide wireless Bridge into target network.
DIETYBOUNCE $0.00 BIOS exploit for Dell PowerEdge 1850/2850/1950/2950 running BIOS versions A02, A05, A06, 1.1.0, 1.2.0 or 1.3.7 Can be installed by non-technical user with USB thumb drive

A “question filled dataset”
passive collection of emanations using an antenna. A Tempest style attack. see also VAGRANT, CTX4000, PHOTOANGLO
Laser printer collection, purely proximal access (**NOT** implanted). A tempest style attack. see also VAGRANT, CTX4000, PHOTOANGLO
Apple iPhone malware. Infiltrates and exfiltrates SMS, files, contact lists, voicemail, geolocation, camera capture. Once installed, DROPUTJEEP can be controlled via SMS messages or GPRS data connection. Installed either through physical access , or remotely (“future” plan, back in 2008)
Mimics cell tower, Spotted in BOUNDLESSINFORMANT slides. See see more details See also: CANDYGRAM, CYCLONE Hx9, TYPHON, EBSR, NEBULA
EBSR $40,000.00 Low power GSM base station router, see also: TYPHON, CANDYGRAM, DRTBOX, CYCLONE Hx9, NEBULA
Malware, a successful Firefox exploit (attempted against tor users)
Firefox exploit against 10.0 -16.0.2 Exploits type confusion vulnerability in E4X
ENTOURAGE $70,000.00 Application for the HOLLOWPOINT platform, including band-specific antennas and a laptop for the command and control. Controllable via gibabit Ethernet Future plans (circa 2008) included WiFi, WiMAX and LTE.
attacks against dumb Tor users (?)
Firefox exploit against 13.0 – 16.0.2
CNE (hacking) technique used against Tor users
a corporate-run SIGAD, part of the NSA's “upstream” collection program, that permits “cyber” access. Thus it is probable that it is used in QUANTUM collection. see also: QUANTUM, FOXACID.
malware for Juniper Networks' Firewalls
A malicious BIOSS modification that Implants and/or maintains BANGALEE and/or ZESTYLEAK Juniper Netscreen firewall exploits deployed on many target platforms
A system that injects malware, associated with FOXACID. see also, QUANTUM, FOXACID.
Field Effect Transmitter
A Firefox exploit, successful against 10 ESR, but failed against tbb-firefox
FIREWALK $10,740.00 “FIREWALK is a bidirectional network implant, capable of passively collecting Gigabit Ethernet traffic and injecting Ethernet packets onto the same target network.” Integrates TRINITY and HOWLERMONKEY. Provides direct or indirect covert RF link to Remote Operations Center via a VPN. The version in the catalog requires soldering to a motherboard. see also: HOWLERMONKEY, DANDERSPRITZ, TRINITY. Note: unit physically appears nearly identical to CM-III. Perhaps a subclass of RADON.
FLUXBABBIT $500.00 a hardware based bug for Dell PowerEdge 1950 and 2950 servers using Xeon 5100 and 5300 processors. Installation requires intercepting the server, while it is enroute to its destination, disassembling it and installing the hardware.
GCHQ SSL/TLS exploitation knowledgebase and tool used for MITM attacks against Petrobras et al
A malicious server that injects malware, by means of spoofed legitimate-looking pages and does MITM attacks
perhaps a database of all targets to be exploited with FOXACID

context: “DROPOUTJEEP [and TOTEGHOSTLY 2.0] is compliant with the FREEFLOW project, therefor it is supported in the TURBULANCE architecture.

A communications protocol that certain infected devices use to communicate with the NSA. It involves HTTPSlink2. see also: TOTEGHOSTLY 2.0

mentioned in context of tor exploitation

IRONCHEF example included A hardware implant (MRRF or GSM), IRONCHEF persistence backdoor, “Software implant UNITEDRAKE Node” Spotted on IRONCHEF diagram
GENESIS $15,000.00 A spectrum analyzer tool, for covertly collecting and locating signals. A modified Motorola handset. Information downloaded to a laptop via ethernet port.
Multi-stage operation; jumping the airgap etc., refers to certain classes of hardware that provide a wireless covert network in an allegedly airgapped environment. see allso: CM-I, CM-II, CM-III, HOWLERMONKEY, TOTEGHOSTLY 2.0

related to Petrobras story
GINSU $0.00 maintains KONGUR infection, should it be removed target systems: Windows 9x, 2000, Vista, XP, 2003
GODSURGE $500.00 The software set for FLUXBABBIT, preconfigured at the factory, but reconfigurable remotely. For Dell PowerEdge 1950, 2950 servers running Xeon 5100 and 5300 processor families. see FLUXBABBIT, WAGONBED
GOPHERSET $0.00 Malware for GSM Phase 2+ SIM cards that use the SIM Toolkit (STK). Exfiltrates phonebook, SMS, and call logs, via SMS, to a predefined phone number. Installed either via a USB sim card reader, or remotely (over the air provisioning) See also: MONKEYCANENDAR
GOURMETTROUGH $0.00 Maintains BANANAGLEE infection on Juniper Netscreen nsg5t, ns50, ns25, isg1000, ssg140, ssg5, ssg20 firewalls see also: FEEDTROUGH
NSA version of QUICKANT
ROM based exploit for Huawei Eudemon 200, 500, and 1000 series firewalls. survives bootrom upgrades and OS upgrades. NSA operator has ability to execute arbitrary code on infected system.

See: HAMMERMILL Insertion Tool (HIT)
HAMMERMILL Insertion Tool (HIT)
command and control system, designed by DNT for exploited Huawei routers
an earlier micro-computer design the NSA used in bugs. see also: JUNIORMINT, MAESTRO II, TRINITY
software based persistent backdoor for Certain Huawei routers. Controlled via HAMMERMILL Insertion tool (HIT)
Collection from Implants
GSM/UTMS/CSMA2000/FRS signal platform. Operates In the 10MHz to 4GHz range. Includes receiver and antenna. Can both transmit and receive. See also: ENTOURAGE, NEBULA, GALAXY
HOWLERMONKEY (HM) $750-$1,000 Covert short to medium range RF Transceiver. Designed to be integrated with a larger device. Communicates over SPECULATION and CONJECTURE protocols. Known products that include HOWLERMONKEY are: CM-I, CM-II, FIREWALK, SUTURESAILOR, and YELLOWPIN. See: CM-I, CM-III, FIREWALK, YELLOWPIN, COTS, SPECULATION, CONJECTURE, STRIKEZONE.

GCHQ Tool, related to exploitation related to Petrobras story
IRATEMONK $0.00 Firmware based malware for certain WD, Seagate, Maxtor and Samsung hard drives. Supports FAT, NTFS, EXT3, and UFS file systems.
IRONCHEF $0.00 Malware that is used to maintain and reinstall, if necessary, the software component of systems implanted with the WAGONBED hardware trojan.
“Enterprise Message Service”
JETPLOW $0.00 Firmware-based malware for maintaining BANANAGLEE, software-based malware on. Cisco PIX 500 series and ASA 5505, 5510, 5520, 5540, and 5550 series firewalls. Widely Deployed
A generic, programmable miniature computer. For use in concealed bugs. Specs: 400Mhz ARM 9 microcontroller, 32 MB Flash, 64 MB SDRAM, 128MB DDR2 and an “XC4VLX25 10752 Slice” FPGA. see also: MAESTRO II, TRINITY, SPARROW II
malware payload, known to be deployed via KONGUR

see: EBSR
GCHQ cover term, somehow associated with FLYING PIG, which is a tool used for exploitation. It is probable that this term is also related to exploitation in some way. see also: FLYING PIG, HUSH PUPPY, Byzantine Candor, Byzantine Hades, Byzantine Anchor.
GCHQ cover term, somehow associated with FLYING PIG, which is a tool used for exploitation. It is probable that this term is also related to exploitation in some way. see also: FLYING PIG, HUSH PUPPY, Byzantine Candor, Byzantine Hades, Byzantine Anchor.
A processing system for VAGRANT signals returned by the PHOTOANGLO system. Requires an external monitor to display the signal. see also: PHOTOANGLO, NIGHTWATCH
Long Haul Relay
Imaging of the Hard Drive
LOUDAUTO $30.00 An audio bug for a room. Implemented as an RF retro-reflector (ANGRYNEIGHBOR family). It therefor requires a unit such as CTX4000, to communicate back to the base. See also: ANGRYNEIGHBOR, VARGANT, CTX4000, PHOTOANGLO, DROPMIRE.
Listening Post
MAESTRO II $3,000 - $4,000 A generic, programmable miniature computer. For use in concealed bugs. Specs: 66Mhz ARM 7 microcontroller, 4 MB Flash, 8 MB SDRAM an “XC2V500 500k gates” FPGA. Roughly the same size as a dime. see also: JUNIORMINT, TRINITY, SPARROW II
Sensor Collection of Magnetic Emanations Tempest style attack
Multi Chip Module
TAO covert network. i.e. a network that secretly connects airgapped computers to the internet.
Collection from LAN Implant
an internal tor test network ca 2006, with software tools for the same Mjolnir was the “Hammer of Thor” possible pun – “hammer of tor”
a version of COTTONMOUTH permanently attached to a USB keyboard
MONKEYCALENDAR $0.00 Malware for GSM Phase 2+ SIM cards that use the SIM Toolkit (STK). Exfiltrates geolocation data to a preset phone number via SMS. See also GOPHERSET
'USER agent staining”, malware mentioned in context of tor unmasking
GCHQ tool for identifying targets from data returned by QUANTUM products
A base station router, for intercepting mobile telephone calls and data transmissions. Uses the TYPHON GUI. Networkable and controllable via 802.3 and 802.11. see also: TYPHON, CYCLONE, DRTBOX, CANDYGRAM, EBSR
GCHQ-run Tor nodes
Mobile hacking platform including laptop, case, and antennas. Targets windows 2000 and XP, running internet explorer 5-6. Attacks occur over WiFi, and are alleged to be undetectable to the user. Capable of targeting several systems simultaneously. With the use of amplifiers, attacks can happen from up to 8 miles away.
Specialized system for processing, reconstructing and displaying video signals collected by VAGRANT. And returned to a CSX4000 or a PHOTOANGLO system. Obsoleted, replaced by VIEWPLATE. SEE VAGRANT, ANGRYNEIGHBOR, CTX4000, PHOTOANGLO.
Optical Collection System for Raster-Based Computer Screens Either tempest style, or done by means of bugged cabling (?)

Not a code name - “Outside CONtinental US”
A piece of malware used by the NSA, for the purposes of spying. see also: SOMBERKNAVE, VALIDATOR, UNITEDRAKE
An exploitation system, that uses malware to completely control a target Windows PC. Maintained by a NSA-run Listening Post.

Spotted on GINSU diagram
Relates to GCHQ efforts against tor hidden services

Spotted in CM-II diagram

Persistent BackDoor
Public Branch Exchange Switch
PHOTOANGLO $40,000.00 Replaces CTX4000, a continuous radar Wave generator, for the ANGRYNEIGHBOR family of retro-reflector bugs, including VAGRANT, DROPMIRE, and LOADAUTO. The signals are then sent to a processing system such as NIGHTWATCH or VIEWPLATE (which process and display the signals from the VAGRANT monitor-cable bug). The LFS-2 is listed as another type of processing system. A joint NSA/GCHQ project.
PICASSO $2,000.00 GSM handset, carried by a witting operator for bugging conversations and calls within its range. Includes a panic button for the operator.
Pulse Position Modulate
Possibly a bridge between the airgapped system and the Internet Spotted on COTTONMOUTH-I, CM-II, and FIREWALK diagrams.
Personal Security Product. Also: President's Surveillance Program.
Question Filled Dataset
System used for infecting computers. Involves both TURMOIL, TURBINE, and additional infrastructure. Co-opted routers, according to Appelbaum, these may in cases be unwitting home or business routers, that have been “pwned”. The Goal seems to be to reduce latency, and therefor increase the success rate of QUANTUMINSERT/FOXACID attacks. see also: QUANTUM, FOXACID.

Spotted on IRATEMONK, WISTFULTOLL diagrams
Perhaps a generalize term for certain styles of hacking used by NSA and GCHQ. The most popular is the QUANTUMINSERT. see also: FOXACID, QUANTUM COOKIE, QUANTUM BOT, QUANTUM THEORY.
A style of hacking, involving a man-in the middle attack, involving a malicious server (dubbed FOXACID) that attempts to outrun a legitimate server (yahoo and linkedIn are favorites), spoof their pages and insert a trojan into the unsuspecting user. Both NSA and GCHQ use this term see also: FOXACID, QUANTUM COOKIE, QUANTUM BOT, QUANTUM THEORY.
controls IRC bots
forces browsers to toss their cookies (divulge them) see also: FOXACID, QUANTUM COOKIE, QUANTUM BOT, QUANTUM THEORY.
corrupts file uploads and downloads. (malware injection on the fly?). According to Appelbaum, this is also used like the “great firewall of China”.
a system to deploy “stage 0” malware such as SEASONEDMOTH. Stage 0 items are programmed to self-destruct within 30 days. see also: QUANTUMTHEROY
resets connections (which ones?)
A GCHQ toolkit for QUANTUM products, that expands the range of “spoofable” services. Injects a “stage 1” malware, such as VALIDATOR or COMMONDEER see also: QUANTUMNATION
GCHQ tor analytics/knowledgebase
Bi-Directional host-tap that can inject Ethernet packets onto the same target. Allows Bi-directional exploitation of Denied networks using standard on-net tools. Perhaps the ethernet equivalent of DEWSWEEPER (?)
RAGEMASTER $30.00 A bugged video cable. Implemented as an RF retro-reflector. Used for VAGRANT collection. See also: VAGRANT, CTX4000, PHOTOANGLO, DROPMIRE, LOADAUTO, NIGHTWATCH, VIEWPLATE.
Joint NSA/GCHQ anti-tor Workshop ca 2012
Retro reflector
a term for a special kind of mirror that always sends a signal directly back on the path it comes from, regardless of the angle.

Spotted on IRATEMONK, WISTFULTOLL diagrams
Remote Operations Center
Remote Operations Center
Optional Digital Signal Processing (DSP) Module for CROSSBEAM. See also: CROSSBEAM
Database of tor events
“SCHOOLMONTANA is the cover term for the persistence technique to deploy a DNT implant to Juniper J-Series Routers.” A malicious BIOS modification. see also: SIERRAMONTANA, STUCCOMONTANA, VALIDATOR
software Defined radio

Spotted on IRATEMONK, WISTFULTOLL diagrams
A class of malware that is programmed to automatically die with in 30 days. (unless instructed to extend its life) see also: VALIDATOR, COMMONDEER

Spotted on IRATEMONK diagram

CNE (hacking) technique used against Tor users
“SCHOOLMONTANA is the cover term for the persistence technique to deploy a DNT implant to Juniper M-Series Routers.” A malicious BIOS modification. see also: SCHOOLMONTANA, STUCCOMONTANA, VALIDATOR
A tool known to be used somewhere in the process of uploading malicious HD firmware Known to be used with IRATEMONK
Not a codename, a term for the “network communication protocol” involving someone physically carrying storage media between machines.
SOMBERKNAVE $50,000.00 software based malware, intended to bridge airgaps by using an unused 802.11 wireless interface. For Windows XP. Allows other malware to “call home” In particular, the VALIDATOR and OLYMPUS trojans. see also: VALIDATOR
SOUFFLETROUGH $0.00 A malicious BIOS Modification that maintains BANANAGLEE infection on Juniper SSG 320M, SSG 350M, SSG 520, SSG 550, SSG 520M, SSG 550M. See also: FEEDTROUGH, GOURMETTROUGH, BANANAGLEE, ZESTYLEAK
SPARROW II $6,000.00 A microcomputer specialized for UAV operations. Includes Integrated WLAN, and Mini PCI slots supporting . IBM PowerPC 405GR, 64MB SDRAM, 16MB Flash. Designed for survey of wireless networks (Wifi/GSM, etc, depending on expansion cards). See also: TRINITY, MAESTRO II, JUNIORMINT
RF communication protocol, used by HOWLERMONKEY devices, Including CM-I, CM-III, FIREWALK.

Spotted on IRATEMONK, WISTFULTOLL diagrams
A SIGAD used for TAO, and thus QUANTUM, FOXACID, amd the like. see also, QUANTUM, FOXACID.

Software made By Digital Network Technologies (DNT) for controlling and receiving data from “implants”. Also involved somewhere in the process of uploading malicious HD firmware (works with a tool called SLICKERVICAR to accomplish this) Known to be used for COTTONMOUTH-I, COTTONMOUTH-II, COTTONMOUTH-III, DROPOUTJEEP, IRATEMONK, TOTEGHOSTLY 2.0
Context: “HOWLERMONKEY is a COTS- based transceiver designed to be compatible with CONJECTURE/SPECULATION networks and STRIKEZONE devices running a HOWLERMONKEY personality. see also: HOWLERMONKEY
somewhere on the ROC side of operations.... Spotted on IRONCHEF diagram
“SCHOOLMONTANA is the cover term for the persistence technique to deploy a DNT implant to Juniper T-Series Routers.” A malicious BIOS modification. see also: SCHOOLMONTANA, SIERRAMONTANA, VALIDATOR
A jointly US/Isreali written piece of malware intended to infect, and physically destroy Iranian nuclear Centrifuges. (which it did) Also spilled on to non-targeted SCADA systems, causing “collateral damage”.
SURLYSPAWN $30.00 A keyboard or mouse bug implemented as an RF retro-reflector embedded in the cabling. This brings it into the ANGRYNEIGHBOR family of bugs. see also: ANGRYNEIGHBOR, VAGRANT, DROPMIRE, SURLYSPAWN, CTX4000, PHOTOANGLO, RAGEMASTER

a particular device that includes a HOWLERMONKEY component see also: HOWLERMONKEY
SWAP $0.00 A combination of a malicious BIOS modification and a malicious Hard Disk firmware modification (in the host protected area) used to maintain software based malware on the victim computer. Appears to work on a variety of systems running Windows, Linux, FreeBSD or Solaris. The file system may be FAT32, NTFS, EXT2, EXT3, or UFS 1.0. see also: ARKSTREAM, TWISTEDKILT, TUNINGFORK
Tailored Access Operations. NSA's hacking and bugging unit.
Target Profiler
A tool that lists which targets are vulnerable to exploits, and which. see: QUANTUMNATION, QUANTUMTHEORY
TAWDRYYARD $30.00 An ANGRYNEIGHBOR RF retro-reflector whose purpose is to serve as a beacon, so the RF wave generator (CTX4000 or PHOTOANGLO) can locate RAGEMASTER video cable bugs, and home in on them. see also: ANGRYNEIGHBOR, VAGRANT, DROPMIRE, SURLYSPAWN, CTX4000, PHOTOANGLO, RAGEMASTER
Twisty Lobby Number. (not really well explained in doc)
Software-based malware for Thuraya 2520 satellite-cellular handsets running Windows CE. Designed to exfiltrate GPS and GSM geolocation data, as well as the call log and contact list, and other data via covert SMS messages. SMS messages are also the means by which the attacker controls the phone. Implementation requires modifying the phone itself, not yet deployed as of Oct 2008. see also: TOTEGHOSTLY
TOTEGHOSTLY 2.0 $0.00 Malware for Windows Mobile -based handsets. Written using DNT's CHIMNEYPOOL framework, and controlled via STRAITBIZARRE. Used to infiltrate and exfiltrate files, SMS, contact lists, geolocation via SMS or GPRS data connection. From or to the victim device The attacker has the ability to control the camera and microphone, and also send other commands to the device. The encrypted protocol it uses to communicate is referred to as FRIEZERAMP. see also: STRAITBIZARRE, CHIMNEYPOOL, FREEFLOW, TURBULENCE, GENIE, FRIEZERAMP, TOTECHASER
TRINITY $6,250.00 A microcomputer, designed to be part of a bug. Specs: 100Mhz ARM 9 Microcontroller, 4MB flash, 96MB SDRAM. Smaller than a penny. Known to be a component of CM-I, CM-III, FIREWALK see also: MAESTRO II, JUNIORMINT
associated with TURBULANCE. Somehow involved with QUANTUMTHEORY. Not precicely clear. see also: TURBULANCE, QUANTUM

spotted on DIETYBOUNCE, IRATEMONK, and SWAP diagrams
System used for infecting computers. “Deep Packet Injection” Spotted on COTTONMOUTH-I, and CM-II diagrams, ref in Appelbaum's talk
cover term for joint CIA/NSA project to exploit Huawei network equipment
TURBOPANDA Insertion Tool (PIT)
command and control system for exploited Huawei firewalls
A system integrating passive collection, active hacking, and active hacking defense see also:
NSA's passive SIGINT collection system. “Deep packet inspection”
NSA's own defense system against hacking.
a hard drive firmware updating program used to install malicious firmware of a victim Hard drive. see also: SWAP
TYPHON HX $175,000 (4 month rental) GSM base station router. Used to collect call logs from targeted phones. Administrated with a laptop via SMS, but is otherwise a standalone unit. There is no apparent ability to network these together, though other units, running the same software can do so (CYCLONE Hx9). See also: CYCLONE Hx9, CANDYGRAM, DRTBOX, NEBULA
Unmanned aerial vehicle. A drone.
A program similar to STRAITBIZARRE, used for uploading malicious HDD firmware, works with SLICKERVICAR. Known components include a GUI, a database, and a server, and a manned listening post. It includes a trojan of the same name. Digital Network Technologies (DNT), a private company, actively maintains the listening posts for UNITEDRAKE, as well as design and deploy malware. Spotted on IRATEMONK diagram
Collection of computer Screens. The monitor cables are rigged with an RF retro reflector, (RAGEMASTER). VAGRANT collection therefor requires a continuous RF generator such as CTX4000 or PHOTOANGLO, and a system to process and display the returned video signal such as NIGHTWATCH, GOTHAM, LS-2 (with an external monitor), or VIEWPLATE. Known to be deployed in the field , as of September 2010 at the following embassies: Brazil's UN Mission in NY (POKOMOKE), France's UN Mission in NY (BLACKFOOT), India's Embassy and annex in DC, and India's UN Mission in New York. India's embassies were slated to be detasked, at the time of the document. Context of documents seems to suggest, but does not definitively prove that the coverterm VAGRANT only applies to the signal itself. See also: CTX4000, DROPMIRE, RAGEMASTER, PHOTOANGLO
A software based malware item designed to run on certain Juniper routers (J, M, and T Series) running the JUNOS operating system. It must be maintained by means of a malicious BIOS modification. A typical use case involves the exfiltration of data from the victimized system. A separate document describes VALIDATOR as a backdoor used against Windows systems (win 98-2003). In this instance, it will identify the system, and if it is truly a target, invite a more sophisticated trojan in, such as UNITEDRAKE or OLYMPUS. This trojan has been used to de-anonymize tor users. A third version of VALIDATOR works for Apple iOS devices. The QUANTUMNATION states that the success rate against iOS devices is 100%. See SCHOOLMONTANA, SIERRAMONTANA, STUCCOMONTANA
Replacement for the NIGHTWATCH system. See NIGHTWATCH, PHOTOANGLO
a malicious hardware device that provides covert 2-way RF communications on the I2C channel of HP Proliant 380DL G5 servers. WAGONBED 2 can be mated with a Motorola G20 GSM module to form CROSSBEAM. See also: CROSSBEAM, IRONCHEF, FLUXBABBIT, GODSURGE
Handheld device for homing in on target handsets, used in conjunction with TYPHON or similar systems to provide more precise location information. see also: TYPHON
Operation against the Mexican Public Security Secretariat
WISTFULTOLL $0.00 A plugin for UNITEDRAKE and STRAITBIZARRE that extracts WMI and registry information from the victim machine. Also available as a stand-alone executable. Can be installed either remotely, or by USB thumb drive. In the latter case, exfiltrated data will be stored on that same thumb drive. Works on Windows 2000, XP, and 2003 See also: IRATEMONK, STRAITBIZARRE, SEAGULLFARO, UNITEDRAKE, RETURNSPRING
a particular device that includes a HOWLERMONKEY component see also: HOWLERMONKEY
a software exploit made by CES for Juniper Netscreen ns5xt, ns50, ns200, ns500, ISG 1000 firewalls See also FEEDTROUGH