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Natsios Young Architects

9 March 2003

Martin Bright, GCHQ arrest over Observer spying report, March 9, 2003

An employee at the top-secret Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) has been arrested following revelations in The Observer last weekend about an American 'dirty tricks' surveillance operation to win votes at the United Nations in favour of a tough new resolution on Iraq. Gloucestershire police confirmed last night that a 28-year-old woman was arrested last week on suspicion of contravening the Official Secrets Act. The woman, from the Cheltenham area, has been released on police bail pending further inquiries. More arrests are expected. A GCHQ spokesman confirmed last night that the woman was an employee.

Scott Shane and Ariel Sabar, Alleged NSA memo details U.S. eavesdropping at U.N., March 4, 2003

Patrick Weadon, an NSA spokesman, said: "At this point, we're not issuing a statement." Koza could not be reached for comment.

Martin Bright, the home affairs editor at The Observer and lead writer on the story, said yesterday that a free-lance reporter was shown the electronic message and allowed to copy its contents. The Observer's reporters spent two weeks consulting intelligence experts before feeling confident enough about the memo's authenticity to publish.

James Bamford, author of two books on the NSA, said the memo sounds authentic, particularly in its use of such NSA lingo as "surge" for a boost in eavesdropping coverage and "product lines" for areas of NSA specialization. "Whether this memo is real or not, there's probably a memo very much like this one," Bamford said. "This is what NSA's there for, basically." If the memo is authentic, the leak is highly unusual, Bamford said. "I don't think I've ever seen an actual memo get out so quickly. Leaks come out every so often, but they're usually verbal."

Matthew M. Aid, an intelligence historian writing a book on the NSA, said he recognized the memo's purported author, Koza, as the name of a "senior operational manager" at the NSA.

2 March 2003. One of the Eyeball series.
Source of maps and photos:

Martin Bright, Ed Vulliamy and Peter Beaumont, Revealed: US dirty tricks to win vote on Iraq war, March 2, 2003

The United States is conducting a secret 'dirty tricks' campaign against UN Security Council delegations in New York as part of its battle to win votes in favour of war against Iraq. Details of the aggressive surveillance operation, which involves interception of the home and office telephones and the emails of UN delegates in New York, are revealed in a document leaked to The Observer.

The disclosures were made in a memorandum written by a top official at the National Security Agency - the US body which intercepts communications around the world - and circulated to both senior agents in his organisation and to a friendly foreign intelligence agency asking for its input. The memo describes orders to staff at the agency, whose work is clouded in secrecy, to step up its surveillance operations 'particularly directed at... UN Security Council Members (minus US and GBR, of course)' to provide up-to-the-minute intelligence for Bush officials on the voting intentions of UN members regarding the issue of Iraq.

The memo is directed at senior NSA officials and advises them that the agency is 'mounting a surge' aimed at gleaning information not only on how delegations on the Security Council will vote on any second resolution on Iraq, but also 'policies', 'negotiating positions', 'alliances' and 'dependencies' - the 'whole gamut of information that could give US policymakers an edge in obtaining results favourable to US goals or to head off surprises'.

Dated 31 January 2003, the memo was circulated four days after the UN's chief weapons inspector Hans Blix produced his interim report on Iraqi compliance with UN resolution 1441. It was sent by Frank Koza, chief of staff in the 'Regional Targets' section of the NSA, which spies on countries that are viewed as strategically important for United States interests.

The language and content of the memo were judged to be authentic by three former intelligence operatives shown it by The Observer. We were also able to establish that Frank Koza does work for the NSA and could confirm his senior post in the Regional Targets section of the organisation. The NSA main switchboard put The Observer through to extension 6727 at the agency which was answered by an assistant, who confirmed it was Koza's office. However, when The Observer asked to talk to Koza about the surveillance of diplomatic missions at the United Nations, it was then told 'You have reached the wrong number'. On protesting that the assistant had just said this was Koza's extension, the assistant repeated that it was an erroneous extension, and hung up.

Text of message on the NSA bugging the United Nations:,12239,905954,00.html

To: [Recipients withheld]
From: FRANK KOZA, Def Chief of Staff (Regional Targets) CIV/NSA
Sent on Jan 31 2003 0:16
Subject: Reflections of Iraq Debate/Votes at UN-RT Actions + Potential for Related Contributions
Importance: HIGH
Top Secret//COMINT//X1


As you've likely heard by now, the Agency is mounting a surge particularly directed at the UN Security Council (UNSC) members (minus US and GBR of course) for insights as to how to membership is reacting to the on-going debate RE: Iraq, plans to vote on any related resolutions, what related policies/ negotiating positions they may be considering, alliances/ dependencies, etc - the whole gamut of information that could give US policymakers an edge in obtaining results favorable to US goals or to head off surprises. In RT, that means a QRC surge effort to revive/create efforts against UNSC members Angola, Cameroon, Chile, Bulgaria and Guinea, as well as extra focus on Pakistan UN matters.

There is little information about secretive officials of the National Security Agency. This Frank Koza residence was bugged by Google and may have nothing to do with the once-secret snooper.


Frank Koza

1. Frank Koza
11808 Blue February Way
Columbia, MD 21044
(410) 964-3814

2. National Security Agency
9600 Savage Road
Fort George G. Meade, MD 20755