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18 August 2008 Updated.

Date: Mon, 18 Aug 2008 16:48:44 +0100 (BST)
From: <pyrrhoneus-dmckenzie[at]>
Subject: Georian ORBAT update for Cryptome

You seem to have only part of the Briefing, here is an even newer version,


Armoured Reconnaissance Battalion HQ Kobuleti

(With around 205 T72 Medium Battle Tanks and 40 old T55 Medium tanks)

NOTE on Armoured units: either the Ind Tank battalion had been increased to a full Brigade with at least another two Ind Tank Battalions in addition or each of the four fully operational Infantry Brigades operated as Mechanized Brigades each with a Tank Battalion.


1st Infantry Brigade HQ Gori

2nd Infantry Brigade HQ Senaki

3rd Infantry Brigade HQ Kutaisi

4th Infantry Brigade HQ Vaziani

5th Infantry Brigade HQ Khelvachauri (not fully operational)


The Special Force Brigade is responsible for conducting reconnaissance, unconventional warfare, and counter-terrorism operations.


Artillery Brigade HQ Gori

began in earnest.


Offensive military training with large numbers of armoured vehicles, artillery and ground attack aircraft has been carried out regularly since June 2005.


Several Battalions of Special Operations Forces have received significant training and large supplies of modern military equipment from the United States in recent years.

In addition the Russians captured intact at least

65 T72 MBT, 15 BMP AIFV, many BTR80, MTLB and other AFV. Artillery including D30 and Yugoslavia. It also has a bilateral military cooperation agreement with the US. These underlying military agreements have served to protect Anglo-American oil interests in the Caspian sea basin as well as pipeline routes. 

Both the US and NATO have a military presence in Georgia and are working closely with the Georgian Armed Forces. Since the signing of the 1999 GUAM agreement, Georgia has been the recipient of extensive US military aid. 

Barely a few months ago, in early May, the Russian Ministry of Defense accused Washington, "claiming that [US as well as NATO and Israeli] military assistance to Georgia is destabilizing the region." (Russia Claims Georgia in Arms Buildup, Wired News, May 19, 2008). According to the Russian Defense Ministry

"Georgia has received 206 tanks, of which 175 units were supplied by NATO states, 186 armored vehicles (126 - from NATO) , 79 guns (67 - from NATO) , 25 helicopters (12 - from NATO) , 70 mortars, ten surface-to-air missile systems, eight Israeli-made unmanned aircraft, and other weapons. In addition, NATO countries have supplied four combat aircraft to Georgia.

The Russian Defense Ministry said there were plans to deliver to Georgia 145 armored vehicles, 262 guns and mortars, 14 combat aircraft including four Mirazh-2000 destroyers, 25 combat helicopters, 15 American Black Hawk aircraft, six surface-to-air missile systems and other arms." (Interfax News Agency, Moscow, in Russian, Aug 7, 2008)

NATO-US-Israeli assistance under formal military cooperation agreements involves a steady flow of advanced military equipment as well as training and consulting services. 

According to US military sources (spokesman for US European Command), the US has more than 100 "military trainers" in Georgia. A Pentagon spokesman Bryan Whitman "said there were no plans to redeploy the estimated 130 US troops and civilian contractors, who he said were stationed in the area around Tblisi" (AFP, 9 August 2008). In fact, US-NATO military presence in Georgia is on a larger scale to that acknowledged in official statements. The number of NATO personnel in It is worth noting that under a March 31, 2006, agreement between Tblisi and Moscow, Russia's two Soviet-era military bases in Georgia - Akhalkalaki and Batumi-

Gazeta: Georgia’s weapon supplies impress analyzers

05:19 | FOCUS News Agency

Moscow. Georgia

Georgia has bought from Bosnia and Herzegovina a shipment of long-range 262-millimetre reactive systems for fusillade M-87 Orkan MLRS. Besides, seven GradLAR MLRS, used for shooting in 13 directions at a time at a distance of up to 45 km, were bought from Israel, from the Czech Republic – six MLRS RM-70.

What is more, from Ukraine and the Czech Republic, AGS-17 “Plamya” from Ukraine, anti-mechanized flame throwers “Fagot”, fabricated in Bulgaria and licensed in the times of the Soviet Union.


Preparing for War

As part of its rigorous rearmament program, Georgia purchased 30 towed (122-mm D-30) and 12 self-propelled (152-mm “Dana”) howitzers from the Czech Republic in 2006; 6 Mi-24B/P and 2 Mi-8MT assault helicopters from Ukraine in 2005; 31 T-72 main battle tanks from Ukraine and the Czech

Republic in 2005; 25 120-mm mortars from the Czech Republic and Bosnia also in 2005; 20 BTR-80 armored personnel carriers from Ukraine in 2005; 12 self-propelled 152-mm 2S3M howitzers from Ukraine in 2004; one Mi-35 assault helicopter from Uzbekistan in 2004; 40 BMP-2 APCs from Ukraine in 2004; 14 120-mm mortars from Bulgaria in 2004; 6 122 mm RM-70 MLRS systems from the Czech Republic in 2003; and other heavy weapons, including fast attack craft, more mortars, howitzers and helicopters. (Source: Jane's Sentinel Security Assessment, August 2008; see the complete list of Georgia's weapons acquisitions since 2000 at the end of this article).


So what does SAM secretly purchased from Ukraine in late 2007.

The “Georgia Strikes Back With Air Defenses” article in the August 11 issue of Aviation Week cited unnamed US analysts saying that “...the Georgians are probably operating the SA-11 Buk-M1 (low-to-high altitude) and the (low-to-medium altitude) Tor-1M mobile air defense missile systems.” However, neither Buk-M1 not Tor-1M are known to be in Georgia's inventory and it seems that the Aviation Week editors need to check their sources more rigorously. Regardless of the situation with the downed Russian Backfire, it is clear that Ukraine supplied weapons to Georgia. Commenting on the issue, the Moscow-based Nezavisimaya Gazeta reminds its readers about an article that was published on the Russian Defense Ministry’s website in May. The article titled “On Foreign Military Aid to Georgia” unveils how many and what types of weapons Georgia received from Ukraine. Mikhail Pogrebisnky, the head of the Center for Political Studies and Conflictology in Kyiv, remarks in this connection that there is common international practice to refrain from arms supplies to regions fraught with potential military conflicts. In the analyst’s opinion, Ukraine sends weapons to Georgia in order to create problems for Russia.


This is published in the latest edition of Military technology:

22 Su-25KM; 13 Su-25UB; 11 L-39 and 2 L-29 Ground Attack aircraft


SECOND SOURCE: 5 SU-17, 8 Su-25/25K, 1 Su-25UB (other sources say 17), 9 L29, 9 Mi-24, 17-25 Mi-8/17, 7 UH1,Israeli Hermes 450 UAV


(Unconfirmed presence of 5 Su-17, 4 Su-24, 12 MiG-25, 18 MiG-21and numerous Su-25 airframes at the TAM Tbilisi Aerospace Manufacturing (Tbilaviamsheni” former Soviet GAZ-31 factory), at least one MiG-21UM was in flying condition. However this facility which produces the upgraded Su-25 fighter jet, with technical support from Israel was heavily bombed on several occasions during the conflict and significant damage may have resulted)


3 Combat Helicopter squadrons with

1 Mi-35 "Hind" ; 19 Mi-24-P "Hind" and 21 Mi-24-V "Hind" Attack helicopters

Other units operate

18 Mil Mi-14 ; 16 Mi-8 "Hip"; 6 Bell-212; 40 UH-1H and 2 Mil Mi-2 Transport helicopters (many of which have now  been armed)


of Leninisi in 5 kilometers from downtown Tbilisi.*

Tbilaviamsheni” aviation factory*


Air Defence Units include around 80 old SA2 Guideline, SA3 Goa, SA4 Ganef and SA5 Gammon static and mobile missile systems. Some rather more modern Western missile systems are reportedly now available.

Equipment includes

15 BUK-M1

38 S-125

18 9K33 Osa

35 ZSU-23-4

15 C-60

40 MT-LB with towed ZU-23



The strength of Navy is 892 from which 178 are Officers, 405 NCOs, 119 Conscripts and 42 Civilians. Navy Headquarter and Main Naval Base are located in Poti. Small Naval base located in Batumi. Naval Squadron is located in Poti.


7 ex-French La Combattante II Fast Patrol Boats armed with 2 OTO-Melara 76 mm/L62 guns, modified anti-aircraft guns, and Exocet missiles, 11-13 P 269 Lindos Fast Patrol Boats armed with 2 C802 anti-ship missile batteries and AK-630M guns (Ukraine)




Mobilized - around 25,000 Officers and Men

Well-equipped with several Motorized Brigades.