18 August 2003. Scappaticci loses in court:
25 May 2003
18 May 2003. The FRU handler of Stakeknife is named in a court filing as David Moyles who appears to have reported to Brigadier Peter Everson:
See statement filed in court by "Kevin Fulton," whose home was raided by British police on 17 May 2003 in connection with the naming of Stakeknife:
Fulton is reportedly under arrest:
Two 18 May 2003 informative accounts of how long the identity of Stakeknife has been known by journalists:
Neil Mackay in the Sunday Herald:
Liam Clarke in the Sunday Times:
Clarke writes: "Scappaticci is known to be a compulsive gambler." Cryptome: An e-mail address which may be Scappaticci's:
From UK Online Gambling Association:
14 May 2003
The Irish Times
10 May 2003
Other files on Stakeknife and the Force Research Unit:
11 December 2002, A court filing supporting Samuel Jay Rosenfeld, an FRU undercover agent who claims to have worked with Stakeknife: http://cryptome.org/fru-claimant3.htm
The Sunday Herald (Scotland)
May 11, 2003
Named: British double agent who murdered for the IRA
Exclusive: Top Provo executioner was paid £80,000 by British government
By Neil Mackay, Investigations Editor
THE British army's most deadly double agent, who operated at the very heart of the IRA, has been identified as Alfredo 'Freddy' Scappaticci, known to spy-masters by the codename 'Stakeknife'.
As the British government's most powerful weapon in its 30-year 'dirty war' against the IRA and Sinn Fein, Scappaticci is suspected of being allowed by the army's Force Research Unit (FRU) to take part in up to 40 murders. He is said to have been involved in the killings of loyalists, policemen, soldiers, and civilians to protect his cover so he could keep passing top-grade intelligence to the British. He also kidnapped, interrogated, tortured and killed other IRA men suspected of being British informers.
He is also said to have provided his military handlers with the information which led to the 'Death on the Rock' killings of three IRA volunteers in Gibraltar in 1988 by the SAS. At the time, the IRA were convinced that their active-service unit had been betrayed by an informer. However, their mole-hunt drew a blank.
Files based on intelligence from Scappaticci were forwarded to prime ministers Thatcher, Major and Blair. During a 25-year career infiltrating the IRA, Scappaticci rose to become head of their Internal Security Unit (the so-called Nutting Squad) and a member of the IRA's General Headquarters Staff. He also became close to some of the most powerful members of the republican movement, including Sinn Fein President Gerry Adams and former IRA chief-of-staff Brian Keenan.
The IRA fear the outing of Stakeknife could deal an almost-fatal blow to the organisation. A senior Republican source said last night: 'This is the most dreadful news I've ever heard. I don't know how we can recover from this. How can we have any confidence left in ourselves when a man like Scappaticci turned out to be Stakeknife?'
Scappaticci was paid an estimated £80,000 a year by British intelligence. The British army knew his cover would be blown this weekend following a story the Sunday Herald carried last week revealing that rogue British agents planned to expose his identity.
MI5 spirited Scappaticci out of Ulster, moving him to a safehouse in the Irish Republic. He is now believed to be at a military establishment in southern England.
The events follow a week of turmoil and chaos within British military intelligence, the UK government and the ranks of the IRA.
The exposure of Scappaticci as Stakeknife comes just weeks after Scotland Yard Commissioner, Sir John Stevens, released his report on alleged collusion between British security forces and terrorists in Northern Ireland.
As a result of Stevens's work nine members of the FRU, including Brigadier Gordon Kerr, the Aberdonian army officer who led the unit, could now face prosecution. An unquantifiable number of civilians may have been killed because of state collusion with para militaries, including Belfast solicitor Pat Finucane.
The dramatic events have now led to the British government taking tentative steps toward setting up a South African-style Truth and Reconciliation Commission -- an idea backed by many families of the Troubles, but opposed by many unionists.
Last night, the Northern Ireland Office told the Sunday Herald that the government now wanted to 'address the suffering of victims of violence as a necessary element of reconciliation. The [British and Irish] governments will seek to establish what practical steps can be taken to recognise and address the suffering of all victims. We expect this initiative to include discussions of issues like truth and reconciliation.'
A senior British intelligence officer said Scappaticci's exposure meant 'the dirty war in Ulster is over. With Stakeknife gone, there are no more nasty secrets to come out.'
The Republican movement is devastated by the revelations that Scappaticci, one of the IRA's most feared and admired operators, was the biggest and most damaging double agent ever to work within the Provos.
The Sunday Times
May 11, 2003
Top British agent on run after cover is blown
BRITAINs most important agent inside the IRA was pulled out of Ireland by the security services yesterday hours before he was named in a Dublin newspaper.
The agent codenamed Stakeknife is understood to have been taken to a safe house. The dramatic move brings to an end a 30-year career during which he penetrated the highest ranks of the IRA. He was moved because his exposure would have led to near-certain kidnap, interrogation and murder by the terrorist organisation.
Defence sources confirmed last night that Stakeknife was being taken to a safe location. The military acted after receiving intelligence that the agents name was about to be published in Irish and Scottish newspapers.
Stakeknifes card has been marked since Sir John Stevens, the commissioner of the Metropolitan police, revealed last month that he intended to question him as part of a long-running inquiry into alleged collusion by the security forces in paramilitary killings.
We will be questioning Stakeknife soon. We fear other informants have been sacrificed to save him and we will be asking him about that, Stevens said.
Stakeknife, whose existence was revealed by The Sunday Times four years ago, was regarded by the British military as the jewel in the crown of its network of agents in Ireland.
He first volunteered to work for the army in the 1970s and was steered to an influential position in the IRA.
He was run by members of the armys Force Research Unit (FRU), the same intelligence organisation which is at the centre of Stevenss inquiry. Stakeknife was paid about £60,000 a year for his services and his intelligence was read at cabinet level.
Now in his sixties, Stakeknife is originally from Belfast but was living in Dublin until yesterdays security alert. He spoke to The Sunday Times more than a year ago, saying he had had to cut down his involvement in the IRA for health reasons and that he might tell his story when he had recovered.
The Sunday Tribune in Ireland and Sunday Herald in Scotland both name Stakeknife today and outline his role within the IRA. If he decided to talk now that his identity has been revealed his story would be political dynamite. Stevens who has forwarded files on FRU soldiers to Northern Irelands director of public prosecutions suspects Stakeknife and his handlers are linked to up to 40 preventable murders.
Stakeknife was recently advised by the army to move to the republic so he would be outside Stevenss jurisdiction.
The army is furious with Stevens. Stakeknifes handlers claim that he was responsible for saving far more lives than he ever cost. They point out that Britain was effectively at war with the IRA and in such circumstances their tactics were necessary.
Stakeknifes handling was one of the armys most sensitive secrets. An FRU unit, with its own fleet of vehicles, was maintained at the armys Northern Ireland headquarters in Lisburn to handle him.
The plot to name Stakeknife is being linked to a man known by the pseudonym Kevin Fulton.
He is a former British soldier from the IRA country of south Armagh who infiltrated the republican terror group for the intelligence agencies. These included the army, the Royal Ulster Constabulary, Special Branch and customs.
He is best known for claiming that he warned the RUC anti-racketeering squad, for whom he was working at the time, about the Omagh bombing in 1998.
For the past two years he has been agitating for an army pension and resettlement package. Earlier this month he accused the Ministry of Defence of reneging on undertakings to help him and threatened, in an interview with a tabloid newspaper, to reveal the identity of Stakeknife if the ministry did not pay up.
He maintains that he has named Stakeknife only in sealed affidavits. These would be revealed by a lawyer in the event of Fulton dying or being injured.
However, senior security sources believe that he has now made good his threat to name Stakeknife.
One murder that Stevens is thought to want Stakeknifes help in solving is that of Joseph Fenton, a Belfast estate agent and police informer who was murdered by the IRAs internal security section. Fenton was supplying the IRA with safe houses for meetings but also informed the police, who subsequently bugged them.
He was found in February 1989 with three bullets in the head and one in the body.
Fenton had been warned to leave Northern Ireland after police told him that he was under suspicion. But he decided to return.
The Stevens team believes that despite this he could have been saved had Stakeknife and his handlers passed on all they knew about the IRAs plotting to the police.
Another murder being investigated is that of Francisco Notarantonio, a Belfast pensioner and IRA veteran who was killed by the UDA in 1987. Here the suspicion is that Notarantonios name was given to the UDA by an army informant and his FRU handlers as a substitute for Stakeknife.
Stevenss team of detectives has taken possession of all Stakeknifes contact forms, records of how he met his FRU handlers and what was said at each meeting.
It is not known where Stakeknife is now being hidden and it is possible that he will eventually be set up with a new identity abroad.
Stevens would be concerned if any such move resulted in Stakeknife being put beyond the reach of his inquiry.