A knowledgeable person reports:
1. This document should not be identified as an "Al Qaeda" manual. This identification was applied falsely by the US Department of Justice as public relations gambit after 9/11 to promote the Global War on Terrorism. The term "Al Qaeda" does not appear in the document.
Cryptome welcomes a pointer to unrestricted access to the genuine manual, or a means to access the password-protected file(s). Send to .
18 October 2003. The Smoking Gun now has the full manual in GIF images:
This is the full manual in HTML.
Thanks to A and M., add 67 pages:
"Balance of Tenth Lesson, Special Tactical Operations," pp. 70-74
8 December 2001. Thanks to WM and SA.
Several commentators have observed that this manual appears to be a compilation of material drawn from various military, intelligence and law enforcement manuals for internal security, guerilla and covert operations around the globe, and thus is not unique for its alleged sponsorship by Al Qaeda -- which is not mentioned in the manual. Most of these manuals make use of each other's offerings and are studied and emulated worldwide by internal security, military, intelligence and commercial organizations for offensive and defensive purposes. For more on "terrorism manuals," search Google on the term.
A more comprehensive "Encyclopedia of the Afghan Jihad" was allegedly discovered in September 2001 which was claimed to be so frightening that most of it could not be made public -- not unlike claims made by the Department of Justice for parts of this manual.
It is not yet clear whether any of these manuals are authentic, or are fabrications for disinformation and propaganda, as described in The Creation and Dissemination of All Forms of Information in Support of Psychological Operations (PSYOP) in Time of Military Conflict.
A reader suggests comparing with manuals of the School of the Americas:
http://www.soaw.org/soam.html [dead link; material available through Archive.org:]
Released by the Department of Justice on December 7, 2001.
The manual is cited in the embassy bombing trial on Days 22, 37, 38, 42 and 47, at, respectively, pages 3333 ff., 5273 ff., 5475 ff., 5986 ff. and 6288 ff.. Here is the information in the trial transcript about finding the manual, which was Exhibit 1677-T (p. 3333.):
1. That on May 10, 2000 the residence of Nazih al Wadih Raghie located in Manchester, United Kingdom was searched and the following items were seized by the British authorities: Below that is listed the Government Exhibit numbers and the Bates numbers for 1650, 1675, 1676, 1677, 1677-T as well as 1678. It is further stipulated and agreed that the other materials produced by the government in discovery pertaining to these searches are also authentic photographs or other reproductions of films seized or documents copied from computers seized from the premises.
No address was provided for the Raghie residence.
The Al Qaeda Manual
The attached manual was located by the Manchester (England) Metropolitan Police during a search of an al Qaeda members home. The manual was found in a computer file described as the military series related to the Declaration of Jihad. The manual was translated into English and was introduced earlier this year at the embassy bombing trial in New York.
DECLARATION OF JIHAD [HOLY WAR]
AGAINST THE COUNTRYS TYRANTS
A drawing of the globe emphasizing the Middle East and Africa with a sword
through the globe [On the emblem:] Military Studies in the Jihad [Holy War]
Against the Tyrants
To those champions who avowed the truth day and night...
-*- The confrontation that we are calling for with the apostate regimes does not know Socratic debates..., Platonic ideals..., nor Aristotelian diplomacy. But it knows the dialogue of bullets, the ideals of assassination, bombing, and destruction, and the diplomacy of the cannon and machine-gun.
Islamic governments have never and will never be established through peaceful solutions and cooperative councils. They are established as they [always] have been
by pen and gunby word and bulletby tongue and teeth
In the name of Allah, the merciful and compassionate
Belongs to the guest house
Please do not remove it from the house except with permission.
[Emblem and signature, illegible]
Pledge, O Sister
To the sister believer whose clothes the criminals have stripped off.
To the sister believer whose hair the oppressors have shaved.
To the sister believer who's body has been abused by the human dogs.
To the sister believer whose...
Pledge, O Sister
Covenant, O Sister ... to make their women widows and their children orphans.
Covenant, O Sister ... to make them desire death and hate appointments and prestige.
Covenant, O Sister ... to slaughter them like lambs and let the Nile, al-Asi, and Euphrates rivers flow with their blood.
Covenant, O Sister ... to be a pick of destruction for every godless and apostate regime.
Covenant, O Sister ... to retaliate for you against every dog who touch you
even with a bad word.
In the name of Allah, the merciful and compassionate
Thanks be to Allah. We thank him, turn to him, ask his forgiveness, and seek refuge in him from our wicked souls and bad deeds. Whomever Allah enlightens will not be misguided, and the deceiver will never be guided. I declare that there is no god but Allah alone; he has no partners. I a l s o declare that Mohammed is his servant and prophet.
"O ye who believe! Fear Allah as He should be feared, and die not except in a state of Islam"
"O mankind! Fear your guardian lord who created you from a single person. Created, out of it, his mate, and from them twain scattered [like seeds] countless men and women; fear Allah,through whom ye demand your mutual [rights], and be heedful of the wombs [that bore you]: for Allah ever watches over you."
"O ye who believe! Fear Allah, and make your utterance straight forward: That he may make your conduct whole and sound and forgive you your sins. He that obeys Allah and his messenger, has already attained the great victory."
The most truthful saying is the book of Allah and the best guidance is that
of Mohammed, God bless and keep him. [Therefore,]the worst thing is to introduce
something new, for every novelty is an act of heresy and each heresy is a
Martyrs were killed, women were widowed, children were orphaned, men were handcuffed, chaste women's heads were shaved, harlots' heads were crowned, atrocities were inflicted on the innocent, gifts were given to the wicked, virgins were raped on the prostitution alter...
After the fall of our orthodox caliphates on March 3, 1924 and after expelling the colonialists, our Islamic nation was afflicted with apostate rulers who took over in the Moslem nation. These rulers turned out to be more infidel and criminal than the colonialists themselves. Moslems have endured all kinds of harm, oppression, and torture at their hands.
Those apostate rulers threw thousands of the Haraka Al-Islamyia (Islamic
Movement) youth in gloomy jails and detention centers that were equipped
with the most modern torture devices and [manned with] experts in oppression
and torture. Those youth had refused to move in the rulers' orbit, obscure
matters to the youth, and oppose the idea of rebelling against the rulers.
But they [the rulers] did not stop there; they started to fragment the essence
of the Islamic nation by trying to eradicate its Moslem identity. Thus, they
started spreading godless and atheistic views among the youth. We found some
that claimed that socialism was from Islam, democracy was the [religious]
council, and the prophet-God bless and keep him-propagandized communism.
Colonialism and its followers, the apostate rulers, then started to openly
erect crusader centers, societies, and organizations like Masonic Lodges,
Lions and Rotary clubs, and foreign schools. They aimed at producing a wasted
generation that pursued everything that is western and produced rulers,
ministers, leaders, physicians, engineers, businessmen, politicians, journalists,
and information specialists. [Koranic verse:] "And Allah's enemies plotted
and planned, and Allah too planned, and the best of planners is Allah."
They [the rulers] tried, using every means and [kind of] seduction, to produce a generation of young men that did not know [anything] except what they [the rulers] want, did not say except what they [the rulers] think about, did not live except according to their [the rulers') way, and did not dress except in their [the rulers'] clothes. However, majestic Allah turned their deception back on them, as a large group of those young men who were raised by them [the rulers] woke up from their sleep and returned to Allah, regretting and repenting.
The young men returning to Allah realized that Islam is not just performing rituals but a complete system: Religion and government, worship and Jihad [holy war], ethics and dealing with people, and the Koran and sword. The bitter situation that the nation has reached is a result of its divergence from Allah's course and his righteous law for all places and times. That [bitter situation] came about as a result of its children's love for the world, their loathing of death, and their abandonment of Jihad [holy war].
Unbelief is still the same. It pushed Abou Jahl- may Allah curse him-and Kureish's valiant infidels to battle the prophet - God bless and keep him - and to torture his companions - may Allah's grace be on them. It is the same unbelief that drove Sadat, Hosni Mubarak, Gadhafi, Hafez Assad, Saleh, Fahed -Allah's curse be upon the non-believing leaders - and all the apostate Arab rulers to torture, kill, imprison, and torment Moslems.
These young men realized that an Islamic government would never be established except by the bomb and rifle. Islam does not coincide or make a truce with unbelief, but rather confronts it. The confrontation that Islam calls for with these godless and apostate regimes, does not know Socratic debates, Platonic ideals nor Aristotelian diplomacy. But it knows the dialogue of bullets, the ideals of assassination, bombing, and destruction, and the diplomacy of the cannon and machine-gun.
The young came to prepare themselves for Jihad [holy war], commanded by the
majestic Allah's order in the holy Koran. [Koranic verse:] "Against them
make ready your strength to the utmost of your power, including steeds of
war, to strike terror into (the hearts of) the enemies of Allah and your
enemies, and others besides whom ye may not know, but whom Allah doth know."
I present this humble effort to these young Moslem men who are pure, believing, and fighting for the cause of Allah. It is my contribution toward paving the road that leads to majestic Allah and establishes a caliphate according to the prophecy.
According to Imam Ahmads account, the prophet - God bless and keep him - said,...
[A few lines of Hadith verses, not translated]
5. We cannot resist this state of ignorance unless we unite our ranks, and adhere to our religion. Without that, the establishment of religion would be a dream or illusion that is impassible to achieve or even imagine its achievement. Sheik Ibn Taimia - may Allah have mercy on him - said, "The interests of all Adam's children would not be realized in the present life, nor in the next, except through assembly, cooperation, and mutual assistance. Cooperation is for achieving their interests and mutual assistance is for overcoming their adversities. That is why it has been said, 'man is civilized by nature.' Therefore, if they unite there will be favorable matters that they do, and corrupting matters to avoid. They will be obedient to the commandment of those goals and avoidant of those immoralities. It is necessary that all Adam's children obey."
He [Sheik Inb Taimia] then says, "It should be understood that governing the people's affairs is one of the greatest religious obligations. In fact, without it, religion and world [affairs] could not be established. The interests of Adam's children would not be achieved except in assembly, because of their mutual need. When they assemble, it is necessary to [have] a leader. Allah's prophet - God bless and keep him - even said, 'If three [people] come together let them pick a leader.' He then necessitated the rule by one of a small, non-essential travel assembly in order to draw attention to the remaining types of assembly. Since Allah has obligated us to do good and avoid the unlawful, that would not be done except through force and lording. Likewise, the rest of what he [God] obligated [us with] would not be accomplished except by force and lordship, be it Jihad [holy war], justice, pilgrimage, assembly, holidays, support of the oppressed, or the establishment of boundaries. That is why it has been said, "the sultan is Allah's shadow on earth.1"
1 The book "Tharwat Al-Sinam Fe Al-Ta'at wa Al-Nizam," by Ibrahim Al-Masri, copying from Al-Fannawi Ibn Taimi's collection, 28-380.
Principles of Military Organization:
Military Organization has three main principles without which it cannot be established.
1. Military Organization commander and advisory council
2. The soldiers (individual members)
3. A clearly defined strategy
Military Organization Requirements: The Military Organization dictates a number of requirements to assist it in confrontation and endurance. These are:
1. Forged documents and counterfeit currency
Missions Required of the Military Organization:
The main mission for which the Military Organization is responsible is:
The overthrow of the godless regimes and their replacement with an Islamic regime.
Other missions consist of the following:
1. Gathering information about the enemy, the land, the installations, and the neighbors.
Importance of the Military Organization:
1. Removal of those personalities that block the call's path. [A different handwriting:] All types of military and civilian intellectuals and thinkers for the state.
NECESSARY QUALIFICATIONS AND CHARACTERISTICS
FOR THE ORGANIZATIONS MEMBERS
Necessary Qualifications for the Organizations members
The member of the Organization must be Moslem. How can an unbeliever, someone from a revealed religion [Christian, Jew], a secular person, a communist, etc. protect Islam and Moslems and defend their goals and secrets when he does not believe in that religion [Islam]? The Israeli Army requires that a fighter be of the Jewish religion. Likewise, the command leadership in the Afghan and Russian armies requires any one with an officers position to be a member of the communist party.
2. Commitment to the Organizations Ideology:
This commitment frees the Organizations members from conceptional problems.
The requirements of military work are numerous, and a minor cannot perform them. The nature of hard and continuous work in dangerous conditions requires a great deal of psychological, mental, and intellectual fitness, which are not usually found in a minor. It is reported that Ibn Omar - may Allah be pleased with him - said, During Ahad [battle] when I was fourteen years of age, I was submitted [as a volunteer] to the prophet - God bless and keep him. He refused me and did not throw me in the battle. During Khandak [trench] Day [battle] when I was fifteen years of age, I was also submitted to him, and he permitted me [to fight].
He [the member] has to be willing to do the work and undergo martyrdom for the purpose of achieving the goal and establishing the religion of majestic Allah on earth.
5. Listening and Obedience:
In the military, this is known today as discipline. It is expressed by how
the member obeys the orders given to him. That is what our religion urges.
The Glorious says, O, ye who believe! Obey Allah and obey the messenger
and those charged with authority among you. In the story of Hazifa
Ben Al-Yaman - may Allah have mercy on him - who was exemplary in his obedience
to Allahs messenger - Allah bless and keep him. When he [Mohammed]
- Allah bless and keep him - sent him to spy on the Kureish and their allies
during their siege of Madina, Hazifa said, As he [Mohammed] called
me by name to stand, he said, Go get me information about those people
and do not alarm them about me.
As I departed, I saw Abou Soufian and I placed an arrow in the bow. I [then] remembered the words of the messenger -Allah bless and keep him - 'do not alarm them about me.'
If I had shot I would have hit him."
6. Keeping Secrets and Concealing Information
[This secrecy should be used] even with the closest people, for deceiving the enemies is not easy. Allah says, "Even though their plots were such that as to shake the hills! [Koranic verse]." Allah's messenger - God bless and keep him - says, "Seek Allah's help in doing your affairs in secrecy.
It was said in the proverbs, "The hearts of free men are the tombs of secrets" and "Moslems' secrecy is faithfulness, and talking about it is faithlessness." [Mohammed] - God bless and keep him - used to keep work secrets from the closest people, even from his wife A'isha- may Allah's grace be on her.
7. Free of Illness
The Military Organization's member must fulfill this important requirement. Allah says, "There is no blame for those who are infirm, or ill, or who have no resources to spend.
[The member] should have plenty of patience for [enduring] afflictions if he is overcome by the enemies. He should not abandon this great path and sell himself and his religion to the enemies for his freedom. He should be patient in performing the work, even if it lasts a long time.
9. Tranquility and "Unflappability"
[The member] should have a calm personality that allows him to endure psychological traumas such as those involving bloodshed, murder, arrest, imprisonment, and reverse psychological traumas such as killing one or all of his Organization's comrades. [He should be able] to carry out the work.
10. Intelligence and Insight
When the prophet - Allah bless and keep him - sent Hazifa Ben Al-Yaman to
spy on the polytheist and [Hafiza] sat among them, Abou Soufian said, "Let
each one of you look at his companion." Hazifa said to his companion, 'Who
are you?" The companion replied, So-and-so son of so-and-so.
In World War I, the German spy, Julius Seelber [PH] managed to enter Britain and work as a mail examiner due to the many languages he had mastered. From the letters, he succeeded in obtaining important information and sent it to the Germans. One of the letters that he checked was from a lady who had written to her brother's friend in the fleet. She mentioned that her brother used to live with her until he was transferred to a secret project that involved commercial ships. When Seelber read that letter, he went to meet that young woman and blamed her for her loose tongue in talking about military secrets. He, skillfully, managed to draw out of her that her brother worked in a secret project for arming old commercial ships. These ships were to be used as decoys in the submarine war in such a way that they could come close to the submarines, as they appeared innocent. Suddenly, cannonballs would be fired from the ships's hidden cannons on top of the ships, which would destroy the submarines. 48 hours later that secret was handed to the Germans.
11. Caution and Prudence
In his battle against the king of Tomedia [PH], the Roman general Speer [PH]
sent an emissary to discuss with that king the matter of truce between the
two armies. In reality, he had sent him to learn about the Tomedians' ability
to fight. The general picked, Lilius [PH], one of his top commanders, for
that task and sent with him some of his officers, disguised as slaves. During
that mission, one of the king's officers, Sifax [PH] pointed to one of the
[disguised] slaves and yelled, "That slave is a Roman officer I had met in
a neighboring city. He was wearing a Roman uniform." At that point, Lilius
used a clever trick and managed to divert the attention of the Tomedians
from that by turning to the disguised officer and quickly slapping him on
the face a number of times. He reprimanded him for wearing a Roman officer's
uniform when he was a slave and for claiming a status that he did not
The officer accepted the slaps quietly. He bowed his head in humility and shame, as slaves do. Thus, Sifax men thought that officer was really a slave because they could not imagine that a Roman officer would accept these hits without defending himself.
King Sifax prepared a big feast for Lilius and his entourage and placed them in a house far away from his camp so they could not learn about his fortifications. They [the Romans] made another clever trick on top of the first one. They freed one of their horses and started chasing him in and around the camp. After they learned about the extent of the fortifications they caught the horse and, as planned, managed to abort their mission about the truce agreement. Shortly after their return, the Roman general attacked King Sifax' camp and burned the fortifications. Sifax was forced to seek reconciliation.
B. There was a secret agent who disguised himself as an American fur merchant. As the agent was playing cards aboard a boat with some passengers, one of the players asked him about his profession. He replied that he was a "fur merchant." The women showed interest [in him] and began asking the agent - the disguised fur merchant - many questions about the types and prices of fur. He mentioned fur price figures that amazed the women. They started avoiding and regarding him with suspicion, as though he were a thief, or crazy.
12. Truthfulness and Counsel
The Commander of the faithful, Omar Ibn Al-Khattab - may Allah be pleased
with him - asserted that this characteristic was vital in those who gather
information and work as spies against the Moslems' enemies. He [Omar] sent
a letter to Saad Ibn Abou Wakkas - may Allah be pleased with him - saying,
If you step foot on your enemies' land, get spies on them. Choose those
whom you count on for their truthfulness and advice, whether Arabs or inhabitants
of that land. Liars' accounts would not benefit you, even if some of them
were true; the deceiver is a spy against you and not for you.
13. Ability to Observe and Analyze
The Israeli Mossad received news that some Palestinians were going to attack an Israeli El Al airplane. That plane was going to Rome with Golda Meir - Allah's curse upon her - the Prime Minister at the time, on board. The Palestinians had managed to use a clever trick that allowed them to wait for the arrival of the plane without being questioned by anyone. They had beaten a man who sold potatoes, kidnaped him, and hidden him. They made two holes in the top of that peddler's cart and placed two tubes next to the chimney through which two Russian-made "Strella" [PH]missiles could be launched. The Mossad officers traveled the airport back and forth looking for that lead them to the Palestinians. One officer passed the potato cart twice without noticing anything. On his third time, he noticed three chimneys, but only one of them was working with spoke coming out of it. He quickly steered toward the cart and hit it hard. The cart overturned, and the Palestinians were captured.1
1. This story is found in the book A'n Tarik Al-Khida' "By Way of Deception Methods," by Victor Ostrovsky [PH]. The author claims that the Mossad wants to kill him for writing that book. However, I believe that the book was authorized by the Israeli Mossad.
14. Ability to Act, Change Positions and Conceal Oneself
a. [An example] is what Noaim Ibn Masoud had done in his mission to cause agitation among the tribes of Koraish, those of Ghatfan, and the Jews of Koreitha. He would control his reactions and managed to skillfully play his role. Without showing signs of inconsistency, he would show his interest and zeal towards the Jews one time and show his concern about the Koraish at another.
fluently. It was later discovered that the colonel was a Soviet spy who was planted in the United States. He had fought in Korea in order to conceal his true identity and to gather information and critical secrets. If not for the collision, no one would have suspected or confronted him.
COUNTERFEIT CURRENCY AND FORGED DOCUMENTS
Financial Security Precautions:
1. Dividing operational funds into two parts: One part is to be invested in projects that offer financial return, and the other is to be saved and not spent except during operations.
Forged Documents (Identity Cards, Records Books, Passports)
The following security precautions should be taken:
1. Keeping the passport in a safe place so it would not be seized by the security apparatus, and the brother it belongs to would have to negotiate its return (I'll give you your passport if you give me information)
7. The validity of the falsified travel documents should always be confirmed.
Security Precautions Related to the Organizations Given Names:
1. The name given by the Organization [to the brother] should not be odd in comparison with other names used around him.
Organization MILITARY BASES
"APARTMENTS PLACES" - HIDING
Definition of Bases:
* These are apartments, hiding places, command centers, etc. in which secret operations are executed against the enemy. These bases may be in cities, and are [then] called homes or apartments. They may be in mountainous, harsh terrain far from the enemy, and are [then] called hiding places or bases. During the initial stages, the Military Organization usually uses apartments in cities as places for launching assigned missions, such as collecting information, observing members of the ruling regime, etc.
Hiding places and bases in mountains and harsh terrain are used at later stages, from which Jihad [holy war] groups are dispatched to execute assassination operations of enemy individuals, bomb their centers, and capture their weapons. In some Arab countries such as Egypt, where there are no mountains or harsh terrain, all stages of Jihad work would take place in cities. The opposite was true in Afghanistan, where initially Jihad work was in the cities, then the warriors shifted to mountains and harsh terrain. There, they started battling the Communists.
Security Precautions Related to Apartments:
1. Choosing the apartment carefully as far as the location, the size for the work necessary (meetings,storage, arms, fugitives, work preparation).
5. Under no circumstances should any one know about the apartment except those who use it.
16. If there is a telephone in the apartment, calls should be answered in an agreed-upon manner among those who use the apartment. That would prevent mistakes that would, otherwise, lead to revealing the names and nature of the occupants.
MEANS OF COMMUNICATION AND TRANSPORTATION
In the name of Allah, the merciful and compassionate
Means of Transportation
It is well known that in undercover operations, communication is the mainstay of the movement for rapid accomplishment. However, it is a double-edged sword: It can be to our advantage if we use it well and it can be a knife dug into our back if we do not consider and take the necessary security measures.
The Military Organization in any Islamic group can, with its modest capabilities, use the following means: 1. The telephone, 2. Meeting in-person, 3. Messenger, 4 . Letters, 5. Some modern devices, such as the facsimile and wireless [communication].
Communication may be within the county, state, or even the country, in which case it is called local communication. When it extends expanded between countries, it is then called international communication.
Secret Communication is Limited to the Following Types:
Common, standby, alarm
1. Common Communication: It is a communication between two members of the Organization without being monitored by the security apparatus opposing the Organization. The common communication should be done under a certain cover and after inspecting the surveillance situation [by the enemy].
and the Organization's members are hidden from the security personnel.
Method of Communication Among Members of the Organization:
1. Communication about undercover activity should be done using a good cover; it should also be quick, explicit, and pertinent. That is, just for talking only.
First Means: The Telephone:
Because of significant technological advances, security measures for monitoring the telephone and broadcasting equipment have increased. Monitoring may be done by installing a secondary line or wireless broadcasting device on a telephone that relays the calls to a remote location...That is why the Organization takes security measures among its members who use this means of communication (the telephone).
1. Communication should be carried out from public places. One should select telephones that are less suspicious to the security apparatus and are more difficult to monitor. It is preferable to use telephones in booths and on main streets.
2. Conversation should be coded or in general terms so as not to alert the person monitoring [the telephone].
10. If the Organization manages to obtain jamming devices, it should use them immediately.
Second Means: Meeting in-person:
This is direct communication between the commander and a member of the Organization. During the meeting the following are accomplished:
1. Information exchange, 2. Giving orders and instructions, 3 . Financing, 4. Member follow-up
Stages of the In-Person Meeting:
A. Before the meeting, B. The meeting [itself], C. After the meeting
A. Before the Meeting:
The following measures should be taken:
1. Designating the meeting location,
1. Identifying the meeting location: If the meeting location is stationary, the following matters should be observed:
i. The location should be far from police stations and security centers.
vi. The location should not be under suspicion (by the security [apparatus])
If the meeting location is not stationary, the following matters should be observed:
i. The meeting location should be at the intersection of a large number of main and side streets to facilitate entry, exit, and escape.
Those who meet in-person should do the following:
i. Verifying the security situation of the location before the meeting.
ii. Ensuring that there are no security personnel behind them or at the meeting place.
2. Finding a proper cover for the meeting: [The cover]
i. should blend well with the nature of the location.
3. Specifying the Meeting Date and Time:
i. Specifying the hour of the meeting as well as the date.
ii. Specifying the time of both parties' arrival ana the time of the first party's departure.
4. Designating special signals between those who meet
If the two individuals meeting know one another's shape and appearance, it is sufficient to use a single safety sign. [In that case,] the sitting and arriving individuals inform each other that there is no enemy surveillance. The sign may be keys, beads, a newspaper, or a scarf. The two parties would agree on moving it in a special way so as not to attract the attention of those present.
If the two individuals do not know one another, they should do the following:
a. The initial sign for becoming acquainted may be that both of them wear a certain type of clothing or carry a certain item. These signs should be appropriate for the place, easily identified, and meet the purpose. The initial sign for becoming acquainted does not [fully] identify one person by another. It does that at a rate of 30%.
would reply through signals to inform the first that he is not being monitored. The signals are agreed upon previously and should not cause suspicion. c.
B. The Stage of the Meeting [itself]: The following measures should be taken:
1. Caution during the meeting.
C. After the Meeting: The following measures should be taken:
1. Not departing together, but each one separately.
Meeting in-person has disadvantages, such as:
1. Allowing the enemy to capture those who are meeting.
3. Revealing the appearance of the commander to the other person. However, that may be avoided by taking the previously mentioned measures such as disguising himself well and changing his appearance (glasses, wig, etc.)
Third Means: The Messenger:
This is an intermediary between the sender and the receiver.
The messenger should possess all characteristics mentioned in the first chapter regarding the Military Organizations member. These are the security measures that a messenger should take:
1. Knowledge of the person to whom he will deliver the message.
Fourth Means: Letters:
This means (letters)may be used as a method of communication
between members and the Organization provided that the following security measures are taken:
1. It is forbidden to write any secret information in the letter. If one must do so, the writing should be done in general terms.
Fifth Means: Facsimile and Wireless:
Considering its modest capabilities and the pursuit by the security apparatus
of its members and forces, the Islamic
Military Organization cannot obtain theses devices. In case the Organization is able to obtain them, firm security measures should be taken to secure communication between the members in the country and the command outside. These measures are:
1. The duration of transmission should not exceed five minutes in order to prevent the enemy from pinpointing the device location.
The members of the Organization may move from one location to another using one of the following means:
a. Public transportation, b. Private transportation
Security Measures that Should be Observed in Public Transportation:
1. One should select public transportation that is not subject to frequent checking along the way, such as crowded trains or public buses.
Security Measures that Should be Observed in Private Transportation:
Private transportation includes: cars, motorcycles
A. Cars and motorcycles used in overt activity:
1. One should possess the proper permit and not violate traffic rules in order to avoid trouble with the police.
B. Cars and motorcycles used in covert activity:
1. Attention should be given to permits and [obeying] the traffic rules in order to avoid trouble and reveal their actual mission.
7. The license plate number and county name should be falsified. Further, the digits should be numerous in order to prevent anyone from spotting and memorizing it.
* The following security precautions should be taken during the training:
The place should have the following specifications:
1. Distance from the populated areas with the availability of living necessities.
1. Before proceeding to the training place, all security measures connected with an undercover individual should be taken. Meanwhile, during training at the place, personnel safety should be ensured.
All measures taken with regard to the commanders apply also to the trainers. Also, the following should be applied:
1. Fewness of the trainers in the training place. Only those conducting the training should be there, in order not to subject the training team to the risk of security exposure.
MEASURES RELATED TO
BUYING AND TRANSPORTING THEM
Prior to dealing with weapons, whether buying, transporting, or storing them, it is essential to establish a careful, systematic and firm security plan that plan deals with all stages. It is necessary to divide that task into stages: First Stage: Prior to Purchase; Second Stage: Purchasing; Third Stage: Transport; Fourth Stage: Storage.
1. Prior to Purchase Stage: It is necessary to take the following measures:
a. In-depth knowledge of the place where weapons will be purchased, together with its entrances and exits.
j. In case one of the parties is unable to arrive, it is essential to prearrange an alternative place and time with the seller.
2. The Purchase Stage:
a. Verifying that the weapons are in working condition.
3. The Transport Stage:
a. Avoid main roads where check points are common.
e. During the transport stage, weapons should be hidden in a way that they are inconspicuous and difficult to find.
4. The Storage Stage:
a. In order to avoid repeated transporting, suitable storage places should be selected. In case the materials are bombs or detonators, they should be protected from extreme heat and humidity.
When selecting an arsenal, consider the following:
1. The arsenal should not be in well-protected areas, or close to parks or public places.
5. The apartment selected as an arsenal should be owned by the Organization or rented on a long-term basis.
Defining Members Safety:
This is a set of measures taken by members who perform undercover missions in order to prevent the enemies from getting to them.
It is necessary for any party that adopts Jihad work and has many members to subdivide its members into three groups, each of which has its own security measures. The three groups are: 1. The overt member, 2. The covert member, 3. The commander
Measures that Should be Taken by the Overt Member:
1. He should not be curious and inquisitive about matters that do not concern him.
the enemy from reading them. Further, he should destroy any traces of fire so the enemy would not find out that something was burned.
Measures that Should be Taken by the Undercover Member: In addition to the above measures, the member should...
1. Not reveal his true name to the Organization's members who are working with him, nor to the [Islamic] Da'wa [Call].
10. Not speak loudly.
22. Not write down on any media, specially on paper, that could show the traces and words of the pen by rubbing the paper with lead powder.
Measures that Should be Taken by the Commander:
* The commander, whether in overt or covert work, has special importance for the following reasons:
1. The large amount of information that he possesses.
* Married brothers should observe the following:
1. Not talking with their wives about Jihad work.
Defining Security Plan:
This is a set of coordinated, cohesive, and integrated measures that are related to a certain activity and designed to confuse and surprise the enemy, and if uncovered, to minimize the work loss as much as possible.
Importance of the Security Plan:
The work will be successful if Allah grants that. The more solid is the security plan, the more successful [the work] and the fewer the losses. The less solid the security plan, the less successful [the work] and the greater the losses.
Specifications of the Security Policy:
A number of conditions should be satisfied to help the security plan to succeed. These are: [It should be]
A. realistic and based on fact so it would be credible to the enemy before and after the work.
B. coordinated, integrated, cohesive, and accurate, without any gaps, to provide the enemy [the impression of] a continuous and linked chain of events.
C. simple so that the members can assimilate it.
The Method of Implementing the Security Plan: There should be a security
plan for each activity that is subject to being uncovered by the enemy. For
example, the brother who is charged with a certain mission might be arrested.
It is, therefore, essential that a security plan be designed for him through
which he will be able to deny any accusation. Likewise, for the group assigned
a collective mission, there should be a security plan to which all members
are committed. Each member would then find out , learn, and be trained in
his role to ensure his assimilation of it.
In this lesson, we shall cover many examples of security plans related to certain matters:
1. Security plan for an individual mission. 2. Security plan for a group (important meeting). 3. Security plan for a group mission (assassination operation).
1. Example of a security plan for an individual mission (training in Afghanistan):
Prior to Departure: Traveling through an airport, the brother might be subjected to interrogation. It is essential that he be taught the answers to the following anticipated questions:
A. What are the reasons for your travel?
(There are different degrees of interrogation)
During Travel (transit country): The brother should be taught the answers to the following questions:
A. Why are you going to Pakistan?
Arrival Country (Pakistan): The brother should be taught the answers to the following questions:
A. Why did you come to Pakistan?
Transit Country (Return): The brother should be taught the answers to the following questions:
A. What were you doing in Pakistan?
Return Country (Returning to your Country):
A. What were you doing in the transit country?
When Your Travel to Pakistan is Discovered:
A. What were you doing in Pakistan or Afghanistan?
An Example of a Security Plan for a Group Mission (Important Meeting). The meeting is of two types:
A. A meeting held by those responsible for overt work. That [meeting] is held in many places (mosque, apartment,...)
B. A meeting held by those responsible for covert work.
For that [meeting],great effort on our part should be exercised to ensure its safety. We shall discuss that meeting and what makes it secure from enemies spies.
The security plan for that meeting is divided into several stages: A. Before the meeting, B. The meeting location, C. During the meeting, D. After the conclusion of meeting, E. In case security personnel storm the meeting place and capture one of the members.
A. Before the meeting: Here the meeting for covert work is divided into:
Meeting in a Stationary Location: A meeting where more than three members gather to discuss a plan or prepare for an activity.
Mobile Meeting (Encounter): A meeting among a small number of members, not more than three, to inform [one another] of a certain issue.
Security Measures Necessary Prior to the Stationary Meeting:
1. Establishing a plan suitable for the members if any of them is arrested. It consists of:
Who is the owner of the apartment? What was discussed in the meeting? Who was with you? What was agreed upon?
2. Specifying the timing of the meeting in such a way as not to raise suspicion of the members' movements.
3. Not allowing a long period of time between specifying the meeting time and the meeting itself.
4. Securing the meeting location and the routes leading to it by the following:
a. Ensuring the security status via telephone.
b. Assigning members to monitor the place before and during the meeting.
5. Specifying what would happen in the event the police storm the place.
6. Those members going to the meeting should consider the following:
a. Ensuring that the enemy is not behind them while on the way to the meeting place.
Necessary Security Measures Prior to the Mobile Meeting: When a brother
goes to a certain meeting (mobile meeting), he should review these things:
a. Is he sure that the enemy is not behind him nor at the meeting place?
B. The Stationary Meeting Location: It is necessary that it have special characteristics to confront any danger to the meeting members:
1. Location-wise, it should be in the middle of a group of houses, not at the beginning.
2. Having many routes leading to that location. That would assist entering and exiting in many ways.
Consequently, it makes surrounding the place difficult and facilitates escaping from danger.
3. The location should not be close to suspicious locations ([where] individuals or establishments work with the security [apparatus]).
4. It is preferable that the apartment be on the ground floor and have a telephone.
The Mobile Meeting Location (Encounter):
1. The meeting location should be at the intersection of many roads where it is easy to come, go, and flee.
2. [No text.]
3. The meeting should be held far from places where it is believed some of whose elements deal with the security apparatus (coffee shops).
4. The place should not be crowded because that allows security personnel to go undetected.
5. It is necessary to have alternative locations and times. That would make it difficult for security personnel to monitor the place.
B. During the Meeting: The following should be observed:
1. Establishing a security plan that consists of the following:
a. Proper cover for the members' presence (students, for example, it is necessary to have books, notebooks,...)
C. After the Conclusion of the Meeting:
1. Departing singly or in pairs, depending on the number of members present.
2. Not heading directly onto main roads but to secondary ones.
3. Not speaking about what was discussed in the meeting, during or after departure.
4. Removing all observers after the members depart.
5. Not leaving anything that would lead [to the fact that] there was anyone there except the owner.
[D. not used.]
E. Raiding and capturing one of the members.
1. Establishing a plan to repel the attack, which consists of the following:
a. Who will engage the enemy with bullets?
In case an individual is caught, the following should be done: Executing what was agreed upon with the brother in the security plan.
If the brother has important work position (commander,one who knows the arsenal locations, ...), whatever is necessary should be done before the enemy discovers anything.
Instruct all members not to go to the meeting location.
Inform all members of the telephone number of that apartment in order to
mislead the enemy.
An Example of a Security Plan for a Group Mission (assassinating an important person)3: Assassination is an operation of military means and basic security. Therefore, it is essential that the commanders who establish plans related to assassination give attention to two issues:
 It is possible to also say "kidnaping an important person." All security measures and arrangements in assassination and kidnaping are the same.
First Issue: The importance of establishing a careful, systematic, and solid security plan to hide the operation from the enemy until the time of its execution, which would minimize the losses in case the executing party is discovered.
Second Issue: The importance of establishing a tactical plan for the assassination operation that consists of the operational factors themselves (members,weapons, hiding places ...) and factors of the operation (time,place). In this example, we shall explain in detail the part related to the security plan.
The part related to operational tactics will be explained in the lesson on special operational tactics.
Security Plan for the Assassination Operation: The security plan must take into account the following matters:
A. The Commander: The security apparatus should not know his whereabouts and movements. All security measures and arrangements related to members of the Military Organization (soldiers,commanders) apply to him.
B. The Members:
1. They are elements who are selected from various provinces and are suitable for the operation.
2. During the selection process, members should not know one another. They
should not know the original planners of the operation. In case they do,
the commander should be notified. He then should modify the plan.
3. They should be distributed as small groups (3 members) in apartments that are not known except to their proprietors. They should also be given field names.
4. During the selection process, consider whether their absence from their families and jobs would clearly attract attention. We also apply to them all security measures related to the Organization's individuals (soldiers).
C. Method of Operating:
1. The matters of arming and financing should not be known by anyone except the commander.
2. The apartments should not be rented under real names. They [the apartments] should undergo all security measures related to the Military Organization's camps.
3. Prior to executing an operation, falsified documents should be prepared for the participating individuals.
4. The documents related to the operation should be. hidden in a secure place and burned immediately after the operation, and traces of the fire should be removed.
5. The means of communication between the operation commander and the participating brothers should be established.
6. Prior to the operation, apartments should be prepared to hide the brothers participating in it. These apartments should not be known except to the commander and his soldiers.
7. Reliable transportation means must be made available. It is essential that prior to the operation, these means are checked and properly maintained.
D. Interrogation and Investigation: Prior to executing an operation,
the commander should instruct his soldiers on what to say if they are captured.
He should explain that more than once, in order to ensure that they have
assimilated it. They should, in turn, explain it back to the commander. The
commander should also sit with each of them individually (and go over] the
agreed-upon matters that would be brought up during the interrogation:
1. The one who conceived, planned, and executed this operation was a brother who has a record of those matters with the enemy.
2. During the interrogation, each brother would mention a story that suits his personal status and the province of his residence. The story should be agreed upon with the commander.
3. Each brother who is subjected to interrogation and torture, should state all that he agreed upon with the commander and not deviate from it. Coordination should be maintained with all brothers connected to the operation.
Note: The fictitious brother who the brothers say conceived, planned, trained,
and executed the operation, should be sent away on a journey [outside the
SPECIAL TACTICAL OPERATIONS
Definition of Special Operations1: These are operations using military means and basic security. Special operations are some of the tasks of groups specialized in intelligence and security.
1 Review in detail the notebook: Lessons in Special Operations.
Characteristics of Members that Specialize in the Special Operations:
1. Individual's physical and combat fitness (jumping, climbing, running, etc.).
. Good training on the weapon of assassination, assault, kidnaping, and bombing (special operations).
3. Possessing cleverness, canniness, and deception.
4. Possessing intelligence, precision, and alertness.
5. Tranquility and calm personality (that allows coping with psychological traumas such as those of the operation of bloodshed, mass murder). Likewise, [the ability to withstand] reverse psychological traumas, such as killing one or all members of his group. [He should be able) to proceed with the work.
6. Special ability to keep secrets and not reveal them to anyone.
7. [Good] security sense during the interrogation.
8. Great ability to make quick decisions after altering the agreed upon plan (proper actions in urgent situations).
9. Patience, ability to withstand, and religiousness.
10. Courage and boldness.
11. Unknown to the security apparatus.
Weapons of Special Operations:
1. Cold steel weapons (rope, knife, rod, ...).
3. Pistols and rifles
We note that special operations include assassinations, bombing and demolition,
assault, kidnaping hostages and confiscating documents, freeing prisoners.
Importance of Special Operations:
1. Boosting Islamic morale and lowering that of the enemy.
2. Preparing and training new members for future tasks.
3. A form of necessary punishment.
4. Mocking the regime's admiration among the population.
5. Removing the personalities that stand in the way of the [Islamic] Da'wa [Call].
6. Agitating [the population] regarding publicized matters.
7. Rejecting compliance with and submission to the regime's practices.
8. Giving legitimacy to the Jama'a [Islamic Group].
9. Spreading fear and terror through the regime's ranks.
10. Bringing new members to the Organization's ranks.
Disadvantages of Special Operations:
1. Restraining the [Islamic] Da'wa [Call] and preachers.
2. Revealing the structure of the Military Organization.
3. Financially draining the Military Organization.
4. Use of [operations] as propaganda against the Islamic Jama'a [Group].
5. Spreading fear and terror among the population.
6. The regime's safeguards and precautions against any other operation.
7. Special operations cannot cause the fall of the regime in power.
8. Increase in failed [operation] attempts cause an increase in the regime's credibility.
9. [Operations] cause the regime to assassinate the Jama'a [Islamic Group]
10. Boosting enemy morale and lowering that of the Organization's members in case of repeated failure.
11. Members of the Organization lose faith in themselves and their leaders in case of repeatedly failed special operations. The inverse is also true.
Necessary Character of Special Operations:
A successful special operation requires the following:
1. A security plan for the operation (members, weapons, apartments, documents, etc.). This requirement has been explained in detail in the security plan [lesson]. Refer to it.
2. An operational tactical plan. This requirement will be explained in this lesson in detail.
Special Operation Tactical Plan:
A special operation must have stages. These stages are integrated and inseparable, otherwise, the operation would fail. These stages are:
1. Research (reconnaissance) stage.
2. Planning stage.
3. Execution stage.
1. Research (reconnaissance) stage: In this stage precise information about the target is collected. The target may be a person, a place, or ... For example, when attempting to assassinate an important target - a personality, it is necessary to gather all information related to that target, such as:
a. His name, age, residence, social status
i. His wife's work and whether he visits her there
However, if the target is an important place, such as a military base, a ministry[building], it is necessary to know the following:
From the Outside:
1. How wide are the streets and in which direction do they run leading to the place?
From the Inside:
1. Number of people who are inside
2. Planning Stage:
After receiving information about the target, the operational plan is created. The commander who makes the operation's tactical plan should consider the following:
1. The type of required weapons
6. The target of the operation. Is it one individual or many?
Afterwards, the commander of the operation shares his plan with other group commanders. When the plan is discussed and modified, a final one is determined. Then the group commanders instruct, their soldiers on their individual missions, and the members repeat their orders, in order to ensure that they have assimilated them.
3. Third Stage: Execution:
In order to discover any unexpected element detrimental to the operation, it is necessary, prior to execution of the operation, to rehearse it in a place similar to that of the real operation. The rehearsal may take place shortly before the execution. It is then that the operation is executed in the place and time specified. After execution of the operation, a complete evaluation is made. At the end, a full report is given to the commanders of the Organization.
Important Recommendations for Commanders of Special Operations:
1. Before the Operation:
1. The operation should be appropriate to the participants' physical and mental abilities and capabilities.
After the Operation:
1. The operation should be completely evaluated as far as advantages and disadvantages. Also, each member of the operation should be evaluated according to his assigned role.
(1) INFORMATION-GATHERING USING OPEN METHODS
Definition of Espionage5: It is the covert search for and examination of the enemy's news and information for the purpose of using them when a plan is devised. In [the book titled] "Nile Al-Aoutar wa Fath Al-Bari," [it is said that] the spy is called an eye because his work is through his eyes, or because of his excessive and preoccupation with observation, as if all his being is an eye.
 For details, refer to The Spying Journal: Religious Duty and Human Necessity.
Espionage in the era of the prophet - Allah bless and keep him - and his honored companions:
The prophet - Allah bless and keep him - used informants in most of his attacks. As Abou Soufian's caravan, that was coming from Damascus, was approaching, the prophet - Allah bless and keep him - wanted to know the caravan's destination. While the prophet was in Madina, he sent Talha Ibn Obaidallah and Said Ibn Zeid to the Damascus route to gather information about the caravan. On their way back to Madina, and at the conclusion of the Badr battle, they met the prophet - Allah bless and keep him - in Terban, as he was descending from Badr to take Madina. [Though] they did not participate in the battle, they nevertheless got their share of the [spoils].
In his attacks, the prophet - Allah bless and keep him - would find out the enemy's intention. In the Hodaibiya [battle] days, though he did not want war, he exercised caution by sending a special 40-man reconnaissance group, headed by A'kkasha Ibn Mohsen Al-Azda. One of that group forerunners found a man who led them to the enemy's livestock. They captured 200 camels from that livestock and brought them to Madina.
The prophet - Allah bless and keep him - had local informants in Mecca who told him everything, big and small, that might harm the Muslims' welfare. Among those [enemies] were his uncle Al- Abbas Ibn Abd Al-Mutlib, and Bashir Ibn Soufian Al-Atki. Al- Khulafa Arrashidun [Mohammed's successors] advised their commanders about the importance of using scouts and informants to learn the enemy's secrets. Abou Bakr Al-Siddik - may Allah be pleased with him - said to his commander Amro Ibn AI-A'ss - may Allah be pleased with him -, "Send your informants to bring you Abou Obeida's news. If he is victorious over his enemy, then you fight those that are in Palestine. If he needs soldiers, then dispatch one battalion after another for him.''
Omar Ibn Al-Khattab - may Allah be pleased with him - advised his commander Saad Ibn Abou Wakkas - may Allah be pleased with him - saying, "If you step foot on your enemies' land, get spies for them. Choose those whom you count on for their truthfulness
and advice, whether Arabs or inhabitants of that land. Liars' accounts would not benefit you, even if some of them were true; the deceiver is a spy against you and not for you." Khaled Ibn Al-Walid - may Allah be pleased with him - used to take informants and spies with him in each of his wars against the Christian Orthodox. He chose them carefully and treated them well.
Principle of Moslems Spying on their Enemies: Spying on the enemy
is permitted and it may even be a duty in the case of war between Moslems
and others. Winning the battle is dependent on knowing the enemy's secrets,
movements, and plans. The prophet - Allah bless and keep him - used that
method. He would send spies and informants. Perhaps, he - Allah bless and
keep him -
even went himself as in the major Badr attack. AI-Khulafa Arrashidun [Mohammed's successors] also ordered it [spying]. Since Islam is superior to all human conditions and earthly religions, it permits spying for itself but not for others.
Majestic Allah says, "Not equal are the companions of the fire and the companions of the garden," and the prophet says, "Islam is supreme and there is nothing above it." Islam, therefore, fights so the word of Allah can become supreme. Others fight for worldly gains and lowly and inferior goals.
An Important Question:
How can a Muslim spy live among enemies if he maintains his Islamic characteristics? How can he perform his duties to Allah and not want to appear Muslim?
Concerning the issue of clothing and appearance (appearance of true religion), Ibn Taimia - may Allah have mercy on him - said, "If a Muslim is in a combat or godless area, he is not obligated to have a different appearance from [those around him]. The [Muslim] man may prefer or even be obligated to look like them, provided his action brings a religious benefit of preaching to them, learning their secrets and informing Muslims, preventing their harm, or some other beneficial goal."
Resembling the polytheist in religious appearance is a kind of "necessity
permits the forbidden" even though they [forbidden acts] are basically
prohibited. As for the visible duties, like fasting and praying, he can fast
by using any justification not to eat with them [polytheist]. As for prayer,
the book (Al- Manhaj Al-Haraki Lissira Al-Nabawiya) quotes Al-Bakhari that
"he [the Moslem] may combine the noon and afternoon [prayers], sunset and
evening [prayers]. That is based on the fact that the prophet - Allah bless
and keep him - combined [prayers] in Madina without fear or hesitation."
Though scholars have disagreed about the interpretation of that tradition, it is possible - though Allah knows best - that the Moslem spy combines [prayers]. It is noted, however, that it is forbidden to do the unlawful, such as drinking wine or fornicating. There is nothing that permits those6.
 Al-Morabitoun Magazine, Issue No. 6
Guidelines for Beating and Killing Hostages: Religious scholars have permitted beating. They use a tradition explained in Imam Mosallem's manuscript, who quotes Thabit Ibn Ans that Allah's prophet - Allah bless and keep him - sought counsel when he was informed about Abou Soufian's arrival. Abou Bakr and Omar spoke, yet he [the prophet] did not listen. Saad Ibn Ibada said, "Do you want us, O Allah's prophet, who controls my life?
If you order us to subdue the camel we would do it, or beat and follow them
to Al-Ghimad lakes (5-day trip beyond Mecca), we would do it, too." The prophet
- Allah bless and keep him - called on the people, who then descended on
Badr. They were met by Kureish camels carrying water. Among their takers
was a young black [slave] man belonging to the Al-Hajjaj clan. They took
him [as hostage]. The companions of the prophet - Allah bless and keep him
- started asking him about Abou Sofian and his companions. He first said,
"I know nothing about Abou Soufian but I know about Abou Jahl, Atba, Sheiba,
and Omaya Ibn Khalaf." But when they beat him he said, O yes, I will
tell you. This is the news of Abou Soufian... Meanwhile, the prophet
- Allah bless and
keep him -, who was praying, started to depart saying, "Strike him if he tells you the truth and release him if he lies." Then he said, "That is the death of someone [the hostage]." He said that in the presence of his companions and while moving his hand on the ground.
In this tradition, we find permission to interrogate the hostage for the purpose of obtaining information. It is permitted to strike the non-believer who has no covenant until he reveals the news, information, and secrets of his people.
The religious scholars have also permitted the killing of a hostage if he insists on withholding information from Moslems. They permitted his killing so that he would not inform his people of what he learned about the Muslim condition, number, and secrets.
In the Honein attack, after one of the spies learned about the Muslims kindness and weakness then fled, the prophet - Allah bless and keep him - permitted [shedding] his blood and said, "Find and kill him." Salma Ibn Al-Akwaa followed, caught, and killed him.
The scholars have also permitted the exchange of hostages for money, services, and expertise, as well as secrets of the enemys army, plans, and numbers. After the Badr attack, the prophet - Allah bless and keep him - showed favor to some hostages, like the poet Abou Izza, by exchanging most of them for money. The rest were released for providing services and expertise to the Muslims7.
 Abdullah Ali Al-Salama: Military Espionage in Islam, pp. 253-258.
Importance of Information:
1. Based on the enemy's up-to-date information, his capabilities, and plans,
the Organization's command can design good-quality and secure plans.
2. Information about the enemy's intention provides early warning signs for the command, which in turn makes appropriate preparation and thwarts the enemy's opportunity.
3. Information benefits the Organization's command by providing information about the enemy's strengths and weaknesses.
4. Information benefits the Organization's command by providing information about movements of the enemy and his members.
Information requirements include: Newness, Trustworthiness, Forthcoming, security, and confirmation.
General Mahmoud Sheet Khattab said, "The nation that wants to achieve victory over its enemy must know that enemy very well. It also must know the site of the battle in detail. Those who fight an enemy that they do not know, do not win because a successful military plan must be built on clear and trustworthy information. The commander who fights an enemy and does not know his strength (number and materiel) is blind and destined to fail and fall."
Information Sources: Any organization that desires to raise the flag of Islam high and proud, must gather as much information as possible about the enemy. Information has two sources:
1. Public Source: Using this public source openly and without resorting
to illegal means, it is possible to gather at least 80% of information about
the enemy. The percentage
varies depending on the government's policy on freedom of the press and publication. It is possible to gather information through newspapers, magazines, books, periodicals, official publications, and enemy broadcasts.
Attention should also be given to the opinion, comments, and jokes of common people.
Truman, a past American President, said, "We attribute our great advance to our press, because it gives America's enemies the capability of learning what we have not officially publicized about our plans and even our establishments.
In 1954, Allan Dulles [PH], Director of American Intelligence [CIA], said, "I am ready to pay any amount of money to obtain information about the Soviet Union, even as little as what the Soviet Union obtains by simply reading American newspapers."
The one gathering public information should be a regular person (trained college graduate) who examines primary sources of information published by the enemy (newspapers, magazines, radio, TV, etc.). He should search for information directly related to the topic in question.
The one gathering information with this public method is not exposed to any
danger whatsoever. Any brother can gather information from those aforementioned
sources. We cannot label that brother a "Moslem Spy" because he does not
make any effort to obtain unpublished and covert information.
2. Secret Sources: It is possible, through these secret and dangerous methods, to obtain the 20% of information that is considered secret. The most important of these sources are:
A. Individuals who are recruited as either volunteers or because of other motives
B. Recording and monitoring
E. Documents: By burglary or recruitment of personnel
G. Surveillance, spying, and observation
Information Gathering Using Public Means:
A. Newspapers, Magazines,and Official and Party Publications:
In order to gather enemy information, the Military Organization can use means such as magazines, publications, periodicals, and official printed matter. Through these means, it is possible to learn about major government events and about the news, meetings, and travel of Presidents, ministers, and commanders. Information may be:
1. Names and photographs of important government personalities, police commanders, and security leaders.
meetings with top officials.
B. Radio and Television: The Military organization can use these important public sources to gather information all day and night. The importance of these means is explained below.
1. Visual and audible news help the Organization to determine its present and future plans.
In addition to the aforementioned, [attention should be given] to newspapers,
magazines, and the public's comments and jokes.
(2) INFORMATION-GATHERING USING COVERT METHODS
Information needed through covert means: Information needed to be gathered through covert means is of only two types:
First: Information about government personnel, officers, important personalities, and all matters related to those (residence,work place, times of leaving and returning, wives and children, places visited)
Second: Information about strategic buildings, important establishments, and military bases. Examples are important ministries such as those of Defense and Internal Security, airports, seaports, land border points, embassies, and radio and TV stations.
General security measures that should be taken by the person gathering information: During the process of gathering information, whether about governing personalities or establishments, the person doing the gathering must take the following security measures:
1. Performing the exercises to detect surveillance while executing the mission. These exercises are not well defined, but are dependent on the time, place, and the ability to be creative. These exercises include the following:
a. Walking down a dead-end street and observing who is walking behind you. Beware of traps.
f. Agreeing with one of your brothers to look for whoever is watching you.
2. When receiving the gathered information, let the informants travel as far as possible from their place of residence and yours. Let each of them get there using secondary roads, preferably at night.
3. Gather what information you can without emphasizing any particular part. Do not rush or show urgency because your excitement may uncover you and the degree of importance of the information.
4. Avoid anything that reveals your identity quickly. Do not attempt to be too creative or inventive. Remember what Taliran [PH] said to his political emissaries, "Do not be anxious.
5. Move slowly and travel a great distance. The one who is successful in gathering information is the one who is not known or conspicuous.
6. Do not accept events at their face value. Do not overlook a quick friendship or an apparent dispute. Evaluate the importance of events and do not judge them by their appearance.
7. Do not speak vaguely or act mysteriously except when wanting to get a "blabber mouth" to talk about what he knows.
8. Carry personal credentials and know all their contents.
9. Prior to collecting the information, make sure that all necessities related to the mission, especially money, are ready.
10. Study the area where information-gathering takes place carefully: Open and closed streets, residents' customs, ways of dressing, and accent.
11. It is not permitted to carry any weapons during the information-gathering process.
12. Finding a cover prior to gathering the information. Further, review all security measures concerning members of the Military [Organization] which are covered in prior lessons.
Methods of Gathering Information Using Covert Means: The Military Organization may obtain secret information using: A. Surveillance, intelligence, and observation; B. Theft: C. Interrogation; D. Excitement; E. Drugging; F. Recruitment.
A. Surveillance, Intelligence, and Observation: Civilian and military targets (personalities). The monitoring may be done on foot or by car.
Surveillance on foot:
1. The brother or brothers performing the surveillance operation on foot study the available information about the target (height,weight, way of walking, looking at a recent photograph)
4. Prior to the start of the surveillance mission, making sure that all needs related to the mission, especially money, are met.
Surveillance by car:
Surveillance by car requires taking certain measures:
1. Inspecting the car's fuel, water, and lights.
Performing Surveillance by Car:
1. The car being used for surveillance should keep up with the targets car during the surveillance operation, especially in crowded areas and on side streets. The distance between the two cars depends on the circumstances.
Exercises to detect surveillance by car:
1. The surveillance car speeds up then stops suddenly while observing which other car is affected (this is done where there is not a lot of traffic).
A. Surveillance, Intelligence,and Observation (Information about the enemy places)
The Organizations command needs detailed information about the
enemys vital establishments, whether civilian or military, in order
to make safe plans, reach firm decisions, and avoid surprises. Thus, the
individual who gathers information about a desired location should, in addition
to drawing a diagram, describe it and all its details.
The Drawing: The brother should draw a diagram of the area, the street, and the location which is the target of the information- gathering. He should describe its shape and characteristics. The drawing should be realistic so that someone who never saw the location could visualize it. It is preferable to also put on the drawing the directions of traffic, police stations, and security centers.
The Description: It is necessary to gather as much information about the location as possible. For instance:
1. Traffic directions and how wide the streets are
It is preferable to photograph the area as a whole first, then the street
of the [desired] location. If possible, panoramic pictures should be taken.
That is, the collection of views should be continuous in a such way that
all pictures are taken from one location and that the ending of one picture
is the beginning of the next. The photographer should be experienced with
and proficient in film processing and developing. It is risky to use an outside
film processing service. When observing a military installation or camp,
we discourage taking pictures where it is forbidden. The brother/photographer
should use a
modern camera that can photograph at night or from a distance, and only the lens of the camera should be visible. When gathering information about a military camp, the brother should draw a diagram of the camps overall area, the camp itself, and its interior, if possible.
The description of the base or camp must contain the following:
The brother gathering the information may start a friendship with one of the soldiers or officers of that base. Information may be collected gradually and easily from soldiers when giving them rides from the camp to the bus or train stations, etc.
B. Gathering Information Through Interrogation: Security personnel
in our countries arrest brothers and obtain the needed information through
interrogation and torture.
The Military Organization must do likewise. On one hand, the Organization can obtain important information about enemy establishments and personnel. On the other hand, that is a form of necessary punishment.
Information is collected in this method by kidnaping an enemy individual, interrogating him, and torturing him.
This source of information is not permanent. Also, caution should be exercised about being deceived by misinformation from enemy individuals. Thus, the brother who interrogates the hostage should possess the following characteristics:
1. Should have knowledge and expertise about people's behavior and morals.
C. Gathering Information Through Recruitment: Recruiting agents is the most dangerous task that an enlisted brother can perform. Because of this dangerous task, the brother may be killed or imprisoned. Thus, the recruitment task must be performed by special types of members.
There are a number of motives that might entice an uncommitted person to take part in intelligence work.
These motives are:
1. Coercion and entanglement
The Organization may use motives No. 2, 3, 5, and 6 in recruitment.
Candidates for Recruitment Are:
Types of Agents Preferred by The American Intelligence Agency [CIA]:
1. Foreign officials who are disenchanted with their country's policies and are looking towards the U.S. for guidance and direction.
Another Numeric Method: There is another method by which we can encipher using digits as follows: 'We leave out the numbers (8, 9, 0) from the numbers used in the cipher.
A=1 B=2 T=3 C=4 J=5 F.=6 O=7 D=11 Z=12 R=13 ;=14 S=15 :=16 X=17 V=21 U=22 Y=23 "=24 G=25 F=26 Q=27 K=31 L=32 M=33 N=34 ?=35 W=36 I=37
Notice that this cipher could be used over the telephone or radio, but it wouldn't be good for letters because they could be discovered too easily.
Important Note: Some may ask, how can a brother (the receiver) know what the sender wants, when he sends a letter with nothing but numbers placed next to each other. Like in the previous example:
QAM ALAOW? BQTL REIS ALJM?WRI? (The brothers killed the President of the Republic.)
We say that it is possible, as we mentioned in the second method to eliminate some numbers and use them as separators, between numbers.
Example: We eliminate the numbers like (8, 9, 0) from them, and we choose
the number 5, for example [sic]
An example of the second method: QAM ALAOW? BQTL W;IR ALDAOLI?
[The brothers killed the Minister of the Interior.]
QAM Q=27 A=1 M=33 ALAOW? A=1 L=32 0=7 W=36 ?=35 BQTL B=2 Q=27 C=3 [sic] L=32 W;IR W=36 ;=14 I=37 R=13 DAOLI? A=1 L=32 D=11 A=1 Q=7 L=32 I=37 ?=35 3537327111321133714363232723536732133127
When we put the number ((0)) to separate between the letters, it would be as follows:
To complicate the cipher somewhat, we would put the numbers (9, 8, 0) as separators in one method.
The method of symbols and numbers: We separate the letters of the alphabet into a number of groups, and each group is composed of a number of digits.
Example: It is possible to make six groups, and so each group will be composed of five numbers, except for the last group, which would have only four [sic] numbers.
the symbols present. It is possible to choose the symbol (for example) (.) a circle with a dot in it, to separate one word from another.
Another method for symbols and numbers: For this, we use seven circles, and each circle contains four letters, as follows:
AQTL ?ZA ALUAGWT [Kill this devil.] AQTL [See original for symbols.] ?ZA [See original for symbols.] ALUAGWT [See original for symbols.]
In order for one to know the context of the message, it would be sent to (the receiver) as follows:
[See the original Arabic text for the symbols.]
It is possible to separate between each word and the one that follows it
by placing a specific symbol between each word (other than a symbol already
3 - The Letter Method: There are 28 letters in the Arabic language. We eliminate (3) letters from the (28) letters, and (by way of example) the letters we eliminate are (C-G-Z), and so we have a chart with (5) groups containing (25) letters as follows:
Note: the Arrows found to the right of the chart indicate that we must take the last horizontal letter. [See original for arrows.]
Example: If we had a word composed of a number of letters like (KAN), when enciphering, the first letter (K) would be (a). That is, for this letter (K), when enciphering, there would be (two letters), one horizontal letter and the other would be the vertical. The horizontal would be the (W), and the vertical would be the (L), and the rest of the letters of the word (KAN) would be done the same way.
If the last letter of the schedule were needed, like (H), then in this case, we would encipher the (H) as follows: (IA). If it were the letter (N), we would encipher it as follows: (BI) and so forth.
AQTL ?ZA ALUAGWT [Kill this devil.] AQTL A=MH Q=?L T=?H L=I" ?ZA ?=TI Z=Not found on the chart so we [exchange] the letter (D) for it,
the cipher is broken, the true letter is understood from the meaning of the word, and so it would be thus:
Z=NS A=M[H] ALUAGWT A=MH L=I" U=WY A=MH G=IS also not found in the chart, so we deal with it as if it is an("),
and when the cipher is broken, put it in its original form
(G) G=ML W=JI T=?H.
The enciphered sentence would be as follows:
MH?L?HI "TINSMHMHI "WYMHLJI?H.
We must use one of the three letters that were cancelled (C-G-Z) to separate between each word from the [following] one.
Note: It would be incorrect to use this chart the same way as the previous one, because it is [too easy] for an enemy to figure out the context of the message and its cipher. Therefore, we make a specific key for this chart, which no one knows except for the (sender) and the (receiver).
An Example of the Key: The sender and receiver may agree that the key to the cipher (the table) [be] a word or a name: ABW ALFRJ (for example), and so the cipher table would be as follows:
Note: We took [something] away from the word
[ABW ALFRJ] ABW LFRJ.
We removed the Alef [A] found in ALFRJ, [therefore] the word was:
and after writing it in the cipher key (ABW ALFRJ), we write the 25 letters
of the alphabet that we know, noticing that we have removed the letters which
were written in the key (ABW ALFRJ) [sic] as in the previous table.
AQTL ?ZA ALUAGWU [Kill this devil.]
AQTL A="F Q=B? T=B? T="Z L=NF ?ZA ?=Fit Z=We treat it as if it is a D=N; A="F ALUAGWT A="F L=NF A="F G=We treat it as if it is a "=?A W=KF T="Z
Therefore the cipher comes out as follows:
"FB?" ;NFF"N; "F"FNFNY"F?AKF";
Then we need to insert one of the three letters (C-G-Z) between each enciphered word, so that the letters don't get mixed up with each other. Consequently, as an example we choose the letter (z), and then the cipher (the enciphered letter would be as
"FB?" ;NFF"N; "F"FNFNY"F?AKF";
There will not be any mistake when the (receiver) begins decoding the cipher, because he knows that for each actual letter, there are two enciphered letters. [He also knows] that between each word and the one which follows it there is one of the three letters (Z-C-G) .
1- It is possible to write the secret word (the key to the table) either horizontally or vertically.
[2-] It is possible when enciphering using the previous table to choose one of the following methods:
A- The table could use a descending-descending system [two arrows down].
C: The table could use a descending-ascending system and the opposite [an arrow up and another arrow down].
However, both sides must be aware of this (the sender-the receiver).
If it happens that any numbers appear in the message while we are using a letter cipher, then we begin, for example, by writing the numbers (1-2-3 . . . . . ) with letters (WAHD-ACNIN-CLAC?)
Note that we do not write ACNIN or CLAC? because we have eliminated the letter ( C ) from the table.
To complicate the cipher we scramble the letters and [make] them uncomplicated in the table.
To [also] complicate the cipher, we can exchange the letter with the one above it, and while decoding it, the receiver takes the letter that is below it. On the other hand, the letter below it can be written and when decoding it, the letter above is taken.
The coordinates method: In order to devise a cipher with this method, we make a table in which every letter in the alphabet corresponds to a number in the vertical column and a letter in the horizontal row, and in the table we write the (25) letters as follows:
Note that we have eliminated the three letters (C-2-G).
Observation: This cipher (enciphered table) is very easy for any average
person to break or solve; therefore it must be made more complicated.
How to complicate it:
1- Scramble the (25) letters of the alphabet in the table without any sequence.
Enciphering using coordinates is as follows:
The key of the cipher is KRM ;?DI [Karem Zouhdi] (May God release him).
AST:?D AHD ALAOW? MN :D? ALT"2IB [One of the martyrs died due to the severe torture.]
AST:?D A=M32 S=M9 T=R70 :=?32 ?=M96 D=R9 AHD A=M32 H=D32 D=R9 ALAOW? A=M32 L=K70 A=M32 0=K2 0 W=D9 ?=M96 MN M=D96 N=D70
:D? :=?32 D=R9 ?M96 ALT"ZIB A=M32 L=K70 T=R70 "=;34 Z=We substitute with a D=R9 T=R70
Observe that when we began enciphering the sentence ALAOW? THT ALT"ZIB) [One of the brothers died under torture], we took the letter from above (we didn't use the actual letter), and the brother who receives it must take the letter from beneath while deciphering letter).
Likewise there is in the word (ALT"Z1B) the letter (Z), and it was one of the letters we dropped (Z-C-G). Therefore, we took in its place a similar letter, the (D), and the receiver would know that from the meaning of the word.
There are also letters which did not have any [others] above or below, like
the (K-H-N-?-W). Therefore, we apply the same steps which were followed.
We look for the letter which is above it, so for example, with the letter
(K), the letter (U) is considered higher than it. With the letter (W), the
letter S is considered higher than it, and so forth.
KIDNAPING AND ASSASSINATIONS
RIFLES AND PISTOLS
Introduction to Pistols:*
The pistol was invented in the fifteenth century AD, and it is now merely in the most recent of its phases of development.
At the beginning, pistols were made by hand in various sizes. They were fired using a gunpowder fuse which ignited the gunpowder charge, thrusting the bullet forward through the barrel.
The pistol underwent long phases of development until one called "the revolver" was produced. The credit for making it popular goes to Samuel Colt, but it would be a mistake to consider him the inventor of this pistol, because he was not an expert in weapons. Rather, he was very wealthy and he expended his wealth to satisfy his desire to acquire weapons. He produced the first revolver in 1835. It was made by hand, and then by machines in large quantities.
Innovations [continued] developing until the automatic pistol designed by an Austrian appeared in 1883 AD. Thirteen years later in 1896 another pistol came on the scene called the "Mauser," which is still in use to this day.
A larger number of pistols have appeared; and there are still continuous developments and innovations. Pistol manufacturers prefer the automatic pistol over the revolver, which has largely fallen into disuse.
The Characteristics and Shortcomings of the Revolver and Automatic Pistol:
1. Characteristics of the Automatic-action Pistol:
we would call a pistol an automatic when there is more than one mechanical movement taking place. When the pistol is fired, it returns the moving components to the rear, expels the empty cartridge, and loads a new round in its firing chamber. This continues until the magazine is empty.
It is likewise possible to call a pistol a semi-automatic, according to the type of firing when it fires one round at a time .
Its characteristics are:
1 - The magazine holds a number of rounds (from 8-16).
[*] Review the memorandum, "All About Handguns", in detail.
2 - The spare bullets for this pistol are in the reserve magazine.
3 - It only takes a short time to load it.
4 - It can be concealed easily because of its small size.
5 - Its projectile has great acceleration, which makes it more accurate.
2. Shortcomings of the Automatic Pistol:
1 - The necessity of using both hands when loading.
2 - In case of an unexpected malfunction, like a round being jammed, both hands must be used to correct it because of its complicated mechanism.
3 - It requires a safety device to ensure that accidents are avoided.
4 - It is not suitable for firing from the holster because of its mechanical action, since after it is fired, the components that are pushed forward and expel the bullet through the barrel, return to the rear, and as they return, the empty cartridge is expelled, then the components move forward carrying a new round.
The holster is small and doesn't allow the components to return to the rear, and could block the way of the empty cartridge, whereby the action malfunctions.
5 - It can't use any bullets other than those specified for it, because other bullets could have a large charge of gunpowder. Therefore, upon firing, the greater thrust of gas would push the components to the rear with greater force than they can bear, and so perhaps after firing once or twice, the pistol could break in two.
Characteristics of the Revolver:
1 - The shooter doesn't need a lot of motion to cock it, since it is sufficient to press the hammer, and the chamber revolves to load and cock the pistol.
2 - A malfunction, like a jammed bullet, does not prevent one from continuing to fire.
3 - The revolver rarely malfunctions.
4 - It doesn't need a special safety device, and even if it did have one, it wouldn't hinder the action of the hammer.
5 - It is preferable for assassinations because the empty shells are kept
inside, making it difficult
for investigators to determine the location from which the pistol was fired. It also makes it difficult to determine the type of pistol used.
ShortcominGs of the Revolver:
1 - Most models are large and bulky, especially older ones.
2 - It takes a relatively long time to load it.
3 - It leaks and loses some gas between the chamber and barrel when it fires, which slows the bullet down and causes it to fall short.
4 - The velocity of the bullet from a revolver is slower than that of an automatic.
5 - The cylinder does not hold many rounds, since it can only hold five or six bullets.
HoldinG the Pistol with Both Hands or with One Hand:
Many ask: Should the pistol be held with both hands or with one hand? The answer is that the type of firing determines whether to hold the pistol with one hand or both.
Therefore, if you are in a defensive situation where an adversary appears by surprise, pull your gun from the holster and fire at him right away one-handed without aiming.
Conversely, if you are attacking or ambushing an adversary, you should hold the pistol with both hands, because:
1 - Holding the pistol with both hands decreases the recoil.
2 - Holding the pistol with both hands: The strong dominant hand pushes the pistol forward and the other pulls to the rear with the same force, thus making a firm grip on it.
3 - Using both hands prevents them from trembling or shaking and thus the pistol also.
4 - Hold the pistol with both hands to be steady and firm, especially when firing several shots, so you won't be forced to adjust your grip on the pistol.
How to Correctly Hold an Automatic Pistol:
1 - Your right thumb that grips the pistol should be
above the locking device and not beneath it, and it should be on the left side of the pistol, so that it doesn't push the locking device inside the groove of the upper part and cause the mechanical movement to malfunction.
2 - The fleshy part between the thumb and index finger of the right hand holding the pistol should be behind and beneath the [moving] parts, so as not to disturb them with your hand when moving; the pistol should be centered vertically in the palm of the hand.
3 - The index finger should be around the trigger, and the rest should be on the pistol grip.
4 - The left thumb should-be-centered on the right thumb, and both of them should be centered on the locking device, neither [too] tight or [too] loose but with a medium [grip]. The other fingers of the left hand should be on the grip over the fingers of the right hand and intertwined with them to control the grip on the pistol.
5 - Don't leave any space between your hand and the pistol, but control your grip on it. It should not be part of you, so don't grip it too hard, because that will affect the nerves and muscles which could cause the hand to waiver and make the shot miss.
See the drawing below:
[Picture of a pistol with the caption:]
The locking device, located on the lower part
The mechanical action could malfunction while firing, as shown in the drawing, because the thumb is too close to the lower locking device. Therefore, perhaps because of a [grip] thats too firm, the thumb presses the locking device on the lower part of the pistol inside the groove of the upper part, causing the mechanical action to malfunction while firing.
Another Way to Hold the Pistol with Both Hands
1 - The right thumb gripping the pistol should be slightly above the magazine holder.
2 - The left thumb should be centered over the right thumb, and we follow the remaining four steps in the first method.
3 - We follow the previous steps in the first method.
Observe the following drawing
[Drawing with caption saying:]
Holding the pistol with both hands// Notice that the right thumb is slightly
above the magazine holder, and the left thumb is over it. Holding the pistol
and firing it with the right hand.
A Third Way to Hold a Pistol with Both Hands:
We follow all the steps of the second method, but the left index finger is on the trigger guard.
Observe the following drawing
[Drawing with the caption:]
Gripping the automatic pistol with both hands
Notice that the left index finger is resting on the trigger guard
A Fourth Method of Holding an Automatic Pistol with Both Hands
We follow all the steps of holding a pistol with the right hand (any of the previous methods), but the left hand is [placed] under the butt of the gun for balance.
Observe the following drawing
[Drawing with the following caption:]
Notice how the left hand is placed under the butt of the pistol for balance
A Method to Hold an Automatic Pistol with One Hand
1 - We follow the previously mentioned steps whereby the right thumb is slightly above the magazine holder, and if we were to use the second method, it would be a good grip.
2 - The fleshy part of the hand between the thumb and the index finger should
be behind and below the [moving] parts to
avoid disturbing them with your hand while moving.
3 - The index finger is inside the trigger [guard] or over it with the rest on the pistol grip.
Observe the following drawing
[Drawing with the following caption:]
Gripping the automatic pistol with one hand
Notice the placement of the right thumb
(The right thumb is slightly above the magazine holder)
The Proper Way to Hold a Revolver
1 - The right thumb and the other three fingers except for the index finger should be holding the grip around the bottom (butt of the pistol) firmly and evenly to ensure that the pistol doesn't move while firing. The index finger should be on the trigger or outside [the guard].
2 - The second grip should be with the same method used to hold the automatic pistol. However, there is a slight difference; the right and left thumbs are firmly set one above the other.
Some people place the left thumb over the right hand to push the hammer to the rear with it.
This method is only used with the revolver because it is assembled with parts that move to the rear. It's impossible to use this method with an automatic pistol because it's too hard on the shooter's hand since the parts the automatic pistol move across the barrel to the rear after firing and discharging the shell, and during [this action], they could cut off the brother's finger or severely injure it.
Observe the following drawings of revolvers
[Drawing of a revolver with the following caption:]
The second method must be the same as that used to hold an automatic pistol, but there is a slight difference; it is that the two thumbs are held firmly next to one another.
[Drawing of a revolver with the following caption:]
Notice that the thumb and three other fingers hold the grip around the butt firmly and evenly to avoid moving the pistol when firing continuously.
The index finger must be on the trigger from the first shot.
[Drawing of a revolver with the following caption:]
Some put the left thumb over the right hand to pull the hammer to the rear.
This method should not be used with an automatic pistol, but it is fine for the revolver because it isn't assembled with [moving] parts.
[Drawing of a revolver with the following caption:]
We are not able to use this method with an automatic pistol because it is
dangerous for the thumb where the assembly of [moving] parts are released.
With this motion there is an [opposite reaction] and the thumb could be cut
Introduction to Rifles:*
The rifle developed significantly during World War II, when combatants used bolt action rifles. A few years after the war, the Soviets began producing a famous automatic rifle called the Kalashnikov, which uses 7.62 mm rounds. Then the Americans produced a rifle called the "Armalite", which uses a 5.6 mm round, while the British produced the "Infield" rifle. Italy produced the "Beretta", and Germany produced the "Hechler and Koch" rifle. Belgium produced the "SIG" rifle, and Spain produced the "Cetme". All of these were 7.62 caliber rifles. Developments and innovations continue to be made in the production of lightweight small rifles.
The Kalashnikov is still the best and most famous rifle used in the field since World War II. It was designed by Mikhail Kalashnikov, who was born in 1920 in Siberia. He entered the Soviet armed forces in 1939 and was seriously wounded, for which he received the Red Star Medal.
The design of the first Kalashnikov, the AK47, was influenced by a German rifle which he [Kalashnikov] came across while he was in the hospital. He was also influenced by a Soviet automatic weapon, the "BBS" machine gun.
Kalashnikov developed and improved upon his rifle and presented it to the Inspection Commission of the Defense Ministry in Moscow, which recommended using this 7.62 mm rifle.
In 1935 a modification was made to the design of the first rifle, the "AK47", and the automatic "AK10" rifle was produced according to design modification. The production of the Kalashnikov spread to the arsenals of several former Warsaw Pact countries. The number of pieces produced or used is estimated at ten to twenty million.
The Kalashnikov is still competitive with the American M-16 which, was designed in 1964 and was brought into service in the mid sixties.
[*]Review the Kalashnikov lesson in detail.
Principles and Rules of Aiming
Most aiming mistakes are due to physical stress or nerves, which cause the hand to tremble and shake. It could be caused by putting excessive pressure on the trigger and by pulling the trigger rather than squeezing it, causing the pistol's muzzle to swerve from the target.
Therefore, the following considerations are necessary when aiming and shooting:
1 - Control yourself while squeezing the trigger so as to not shake the pistol.
2 - Squeeze the trigger without too much force, and don't pull the trigger because this will cause the pistol's muzzle to dip down.
3 - Don't let the sound of the round discharging or the explosion affect you, and don't focus on anticipating the sound of the explosion because this will cause unconscious trembling in your hand and the pistol.
4 - The body should be normal, not tense, and the joints relaxed; not too tight, and not too loose.
5 - When firing, Let the crosspiece of your sight drop to the top of the bead and the front sight to the center of the target; that is, there must be four [objects]: the right eye, the center center of the target must be lined up and fire the pistol at the center of the target. This applies when you are close to the target and gravity does not affect the bullet. With rifles and when not at short range, fire low [sic] and at the center of the target.
6 - Close the left eye while firing if you are firing with the right hand, and vice versa [with the left].
7 - Don't take too long while aiming so your nerves don't shake.
1. If the round hits above the target, this means that you are holding the pistol grip too firmly.
2. If the round hits to the right of the target, this means that you are
gripping the pistol too tightly, which results in pulling the pistol to the
right because it is pressing against the other grip from nervousness.
3 - If the round hits left of the target the opposite is true.
4 - [If the round hits] below the target; it [is] the result of nervousness when trying to fire and aim [at the target].
Critical Parts of the Body
The shooter must know the lethal parts of the body or [where to] seriously wound, in order to fire at these spots on the person he wants to assassinate. They are:
1 - The circle comprising the two eyes, nose, and mouth is a lethal area, and the shooter should not aim above, to the left, or to the right of this area lest the round glance off.
2 - The part of the neck where the veins and arteries come together.
3- The heart, and this is the lethal part.
4 - The stomach
5 - The liver
6 - The kidneys
7 - The spinal column
Examples of Types of Assassinations:
Elementary Operations: Crossing the Street:
1 - The target is on his way to work via public transportation.
2 - The moment he crosses the street to get to the bus stop or to the main thoroughfare, the assassins, "two people" riding a motorcycle, open fire on the target and get away quickly in the opposite direction of the traffic.
An Actual Example of an Assassination when the Target is Crossing the Street
This operation took place on 3/22/1948 AD in Egypt. Al-Khazander, a puppet judge who viewed the English presence in Egypt as legal, was the person assassinated. Al-Khazander had been issuing severe sentences against personnel in the covert branch of the Muslim Brotherhood [Al-Akhwan Al-Muslimin] who were involved in bombing operations. The "Al-Khazander Assassination" operation [occurred] during the Christmas bombings.
1 - The choice fell to both Hassan Abdel Hafez and Mahmoud Saeid to assassinate Al-Khazander. They were from the covert branch of the Al-Akhwan Al-Muslimin, which at that time was headed by Abdel Rahman Al-Sandi.
2 - Al-Khazander was surveyed for a period days, and it was learned that he went to the court at Bab Al-Khalaq in Cairo and returned to Helwan via public transportation. They went ahead to the railroad station in Helwan, [and took] the train from Hulwan to Bab Al-Khalaq and then other public transportation.
3 - They made the plan as follows:
The assassins, Abdul Hafez and Mahmoud Saeid, were waiting for Al-Khazander when he was leaving his house, and Hassan assassinated him with a pistol while Mahmoud was standing guard and protecting him with a pistol and percussion bombs as he got away. They escaped to the home of Abdul Rahman Al-Sandi, the chief of the organization.
After Al-Khazander left his house, walking resolutely, Hassan Abdul Hafez approached him and fired several rounds which did not hit Al-Khazander. When Mahmoud Saeid saw that, he left his place, approached Al-Khazander, seized him, threw him to the ground, and emptied several rounds into him. He and his companion left [the victim] and departed.
Hassan Abdul Hafez and Mahmoud Saeid were caught because of several mistakes.
The Errors which Hassan and Mahmoud Committed were as follows:
1 - There was no car or motorcycle with which to flee after executing the operation.
2 - They did not anticipate the possibility of a chase after the operation. They didn't notice that the operation was carried out near the Helwan Police Department.
3 - They had no training with the pistol, as evidenced by Hassan's inability to kill Al-Khazander in spite of his proximity to him.
4 - The agreement to meet after executing the operation at the home of the chief of the Covert Branch of the Brotherhood was a fatal error.
5 - After police cars began pursuing them, the brothers fled to the mountain
[called] "Al-Muqattam" Mountain, which was not suitable for evading
The Second Operation: Blocking the way of the Target's Car
1 - The target goes to work in his own automobile, which comes to get him in the morning and brings him back after work is over. A driver operates the car and the target's bodyguard sits beside the driver.
2 - The group of assassins, composed of three or four people, wait for the target's car. The waiting place should allow the assassins' car freedom of movement at any time.
3 - The assassins' car departs upon sighting the target's car and proceeds slowly until it comes to a spot which would allow it to block the way in front of the target's car. It then immediately stops, blocking the target's car.
4 - At the instant the assassins' car stops, the personnel in charge of killing or kidnaping the target get out, kill the bodyguard and the driver, and then execute their mission.
5 - This operation requires the utmost speed within a short time to avoid any one pursuing the assassins' car or seeing any of the brothers.
1 - It is best that one of the brothers participating in the assassination or kidnaping fire at the automobile's tires so that it can not evade or run away.
2 - Most of the brothers participating in the operation should be very skilled drivers to avoid problems if the driver is wounded or killed.
An Actual Example of an Assassination by Blocking the Taraet's Path:
Members of the Egyptian Revolution Organization* decided to assassinate a high-ranking Israeli living in Cairo.
*The Egyptian Revolution Organization: An Organization, which followed Nasser ([and which he] Jamal Abdel Nasser deified), executed its first assassination in 1984 and the last in 1987. It undertook four assassinations of Jews or Americans in Cairo, and Egyptian Security as well as Israeli and American intelligence were not able to ....
[TN: The rest of this page is cut off.]
2 - Surveillance of the target was carried out for a period of time. The exits and entrances to the theater of operations were studied. The time was set to execute the operation at eight am 8/20/85 , when the Israeli target would leave for work at the Israeli embassy in Cairo.
3 - A car was purchased for use in the operation. Someone's identification was purchased indirectly, the photo was removed, and that of one of the organization's members was put [in its place.]
4 - The organization members participating in the operation (there were four of them) rode in a car belonging to one of them. They put their weapons in the car (they had hidden their weapons in tennis racket covers.) Before arriving at the theater of operations, they left that car and got into the operations vehicle, which was close to the site of the operation.
5 - After riding in the car, it became apparent the car was not in good running order, and had leaked a lot of oil, so they decided to delay the operation.
6 - While they were returning in the car in poor condition, they saw a man from the Israeli Mossad, and the operation leader decided to kill him. The Israeli Mossad man was riding in a car with two Israeli women with him.
7 - The Assassins' car drove behind the Israeli target's car, which noticed the surveillance in the rear view mirror, but the driver of the assassins' car was able to choke off the Mossad man's car and he wasn't able to escape. They blocked his way and forced him over by the curb.
8. One of the four personnel got out of the car and emptied the magazine of his American rifle in the direction of the Mossad man. The second one got out on the other side and emptied his bullets, and the third did likewise. After executing the operation, they fled to the other car, and left the operations car on the street.
9. After a period of time, the police force came and found the car with traces of blood.
[It was not] known that the crime was committed by the organization until
one of its members (the brother of the organization's leader) turned himself
in to the American Embassy and disclosed all the secrets of the operation
which the Egyptian Revolution Organization undertook.
1 - The assassins killed an Israeli person they found on the way back.
2 - The purchase of a car just for the operation and a counterfeit identification.
3 - Concealing the weapons in tennis racket covers.
4 - Choosing a good method to stop the Israeli Mossad mans car.
1 - Failure to inspect the car prepared for the operation with sufficient time before the execution.
2 - Undertaking the operation even though the car was malfunctioning, which could have broken down and failed to run after executing the operation.
3 - Failure to remove the traces of blood found on the car.
The Third Operation: The Entrance to a Building:
1 - The Assassins car is parked in a location near to the targets building.
2 - When the target gets out of the car or exits from the building, the assassins open fire upon him, the bodyguard, and the driver who is opening the car door for him.
3 - Run away immediately or ride the car or motorcycle which is prepared for an immediate get away.
An Actual Example of an Assassination at the Entrance to a Building (Assassination Attempt on the Former Minister of the Interior, Hassan Abu Basha):
1 - A group from the Islamic organization called [Those who have] escaped
the Fire composed of
three people waited for the previous Minister of the Interior, Hassan Abu Bashas car in a location near the entrance to the building.
When Abu Basha arrived, and as soon as he got out of the car, two of the brothers opened fire on him over the cabin of their vehicle (pick-up).
3 - Abu Basha threw himself between his car and another car parked nearby as soon as they opened fire. As a result of this incident, the minister was paralyzed in half [of his body].
4 - The brothers fled after the incident took place, and they took their car in the opposite direction of the flow of traffic.
When the brothers went to the location near Abu Basha, they hadnt gone to kill him but to do reconnaissance (gather information on him).
1 - One of the brothers was bearded while doing the reconnaissance.
2 - The brothers were armed while gathering information about the minister.
3 - There was no established plan for the assassination.
The Fourth Operation: While Going To or From Work:
1 - The target is going to work in his own car, and he has a driver and a bodyguard.
2 - The assassins lie in wait for the target in a certain place while he is going to or from work.
3 - When the assassins see the targets car approaching, they take their places.
4 - The cars tires, the bodyguard, driver, and target are hit.
An Actual Example of an Assassination While the Target is Going to Work:
(The Assassination of Rifat El-Mahaoubi)
1 - The brothers began surveillance of all the Interior Minister - Abdul Halim Mousa's movements, from his departing his house until entering the ministry. The surveillance lasted several weeks.
2 - Friday morning was set for the execution of the operation where the minister heads to work.
3 - Exactly at ten in the morning the brothers were fully prepared. An observer was going to give a signal to the brothers when the minister's car departed from his house.
4 - When the convoy reached the specified location of the operation (the operations stage), bullets were sprayed from all directions on the private car in front of him and on the escort vehicle.
5 - The brothers approached the car after firing at the tires to confirm that the minister was dead, The brothers did not find the Minister of the Interior, but they did find Rif'at El-Mahgoub, Head of the People's Assembly, dead inside the car. [TN: Similar to our Speaker of the House].
6 - This was an startling situation. The two convoys Minister's convoy and that of the Head of the People's Assembly) were separated by only about seven minutes. After about seven minutes the Minister of the Interior arrived at the location of the incident.
7 - The brothers who were participating in the operation brothers to execute the assassination and two to drive the motorcade) had only two motorcycles (three people to each motorcycle), and after executing the operation, one of the two motorcycles fled and the other broke down, and after a moment they left that motorcycle behind.
8 - When the motorcycle broke down, one of the brothers fled on foot, carrying
his weapon in the opposite direction of the cars. He stopped a taxi and
threatened the driver with his weapon, and then rode with him. During the
drive, a police Officer (a general in the police force) stopped the car,
supposing that the armed man was just a thief. He opened the door to arrest
him, but the brother put the rifle to his chest and emptied a burst of rounds
into it and the officer fell to the ground like a slain bull. It came to
light afterwards, that this officer was one of the criminals who used to
torture the brothers in some neighborhoods of Cairo.
Explosives are believed to be the safest weapon for the Mujahideen [TN: Mujahideen does not refer to a specific group but rather is a generic term for holy warriors.] [Using explosives] allows them to get away from enemy personnel and to avoid being arrested. An assassination using explosives doesnt leave any evidence or traces at the operation site. In addition, explosives strike the enemy with sheer terror and fright.
They consist of chemical compounds or mixtures capable of being converted into large quantities of hot gas in a very short period of time. It is affected by a specific external agent that produces increasing pressure, resulting in a chain reaction.
Explosive Chain [Reactions]
A series of initial explosions starting with a small amount of highly sensitive explosives and ends with a large charge composed of basically stable explosives. It is composed of explosions arranged to bring about a large yield.
The simplest explosive chain [reaction] has two stages whereas other explosions could require four stages or more. Any break in the chain prevents the material which follows it from exploding.
The Usual Series
The series starts with a small spark and ends with a sizeable explosion.
1 - The Spark
2 - Combustible material
3 - A small amount of secondary material
4 - Basic charge
Methods of Detonation:
This means pyrotechnics or electronic devices used for detonation. They are divided into means of generating - means of transferring - means of stabilizing
A - Means of Generating
1 - Combustible Means
2 - Mechanical Means
B - Means of Transferring
Types of fuses -
First the Slow Fuse: (The Safety Fuse)
It consists of cotton or linen threads woven together and coated with an insulating layer of pitch or plastic, and has capsules of black gunpowder inside.
The threads help to circulate the wave of combustion. The pitch or plastic holds the fuse together and prevents it from absorbing moisture.
1 - Ignites with sparks or flames.
2 - Ignites quickly, at about one centimeter per second.
3 - Ignites under water.
4 - Cutting it is a way to stop combustion.
How to Prepare for the Explosion:
1 - Cut an appropriate length of fuse and check that there is no moisture.
2 - cut the appropriate length of fuse for the distance that would be sufficiently safe.
3 - Cut one end of the fuse, which will be used for ignition, [at a 45 degree angle. The other end of the fuse, which is placed inside the blasting cap, should be at a 90-degree angle.
4 - Put the fuse inside the blasting cap carefully and cautiously, and then put moderate pressure on the opening of the blasting cap.
5 - Put the head of a match on the gunpowder at the end of the fuse cut at 45 degrees so that the head of the match touches the gunpowder, then ignite it by rubbing the flint on the pack with the match. It is possible that the fire will send its flame to the black gunpowder and the fuse will begin burning. In this case, cut the fuse on both ends at a 90-degree angle.
White fuses are used in coal mines. Green fuses are used in the military, and they have more safety [features]. Black and orange [fuses] are for general civilian use.
Second, The Fast Fuse
It is the same as the slow fuse except for the fineness of the gunpowder and the speed at which it ignites, which goes up to 90 centimeters a second. Its use is limited to ambushes and traps. .
Before using any type of fuse, take part of it and test it to check that
it is free of moisture, also [check] the ignition speed because if you were
to use a fast fuse supposing that it is
a slow one, then the burning will reach the blasting cap and the charge will explode before you leave the location.
Second, The Detonating Cord (Cortex Cord)
It consists of a flexible cord that contains highly explosive material covered with a layer of plastic to insulate it from moisture. It is distinguished from delayed fuses because it contains a very white substance, PETAN, though it could have another substance added to it, which would change its color to gray.
1 - Speed of explosion varies between five and seven kilometers a second.
2 - It could explode with the force of 15 kilograms, or the round of a weapon.
3 - [Can be] used underwater for not more than 15 hours.
4 - It is used to explode several charges at the same time.
5 - It is affected by moisture, the sun, electric shocks, and mechanical jolts.
6 - It is used as an explosive belt to fell trees as well as cement and iron pillars.
7 - It is in the shape of a coil varying in length from 100 to 200 meters.
8 - It can be substituted for a large number of fuses.
9 - It is used as an open cord to clear the way in a mine field and to increase
the width by doubling the number of detonating cords which form the cord.
Consist of a metal capsule [made] of copper or aluminum containing a small amount of catalyst and other stimuli. Care and caution must be used while handling because it is very sensitive to external factors (bumping, shaking, friction) .
Composition of a Normal Blasting Cap
It consists of an extended pipe, one end which contains sensitive explosive material, which is the basic substance. Its charge is also pressure-sensitive. The third charge is combustible.
Length of the cap is 5 cm. Diameter of the cap is 7 cm.
There is an example of the largest norma1 blasting cap. The normal blasting cap should only be exploded with a slow fuse.
[Drawing of a blasting cap with the captions: slow fuse (to the right) Chlorate and sugar 10% & Lead Nitrate 30% (beneath).]
It has the same composition as the normal blasting cap, with the addition of a hot wire and connecting wire. The opening of the extended pipe is insulated with rubber.
[Drawing with the captions: hot wire (above), active substance (to the left),
and (from right to left beneath:) Electrical wire, stabilizing column, wires,
rubber, combustible charge, & catalyst.
Precautions that must be taken with Blasting Caps:
1 - Do not store blasting caps with explosive materials, and don't expose them to the heat of the sun.
2 - Don't test a blasting cap with an O'meter, Alpha meter or other electrical devices which have batteries lest it explode (this pertains to electrical blasting caps.)
Connecting and Connectors
First: Connecting one Slow Fuse with Another:
1 - Cut one end of the fuse at a 45-degree angle.
2 - Place the two sides next to each other so that the black powder is in contact with both of the fuses together.
3 - Connect the two sides with a strong tape or chord.
4 - The head of a match or something similar can be placed between the two ends of the fuse before the connector. The two of them must touch the match stick, which increases the flames burning between them (ensuring the transmission of the flame from one fuse to another.)
Second: Connecting a Slow Fuse with Another Blasting Cap (Explosive):
1 - A detonating cord can't explode without a blasting cap, so there is no benefit from connecting a slow fuse directly; it should have a blasting cap placed between them to transfer the spark of the slow fuse to its cap so that the detonating cord will ignite.
2 - When the slow fuse ignites, the resulting spark reaches the cap and it
explodes and ignites the fuse.
Third: Connecting the Detonating Cord with the End of the Cap:
The two detonating cords can be connected to one of the following:
1 - Place the two cords one above the other [overlapping] by 15 cm, and tie them with strong tape or cord.
[Drawing with the following captions: Blasting cap fuse (to the right), blasting cap fuse (to the left), and tape (beneath).
2 - with a straight knot. [Drawing (no caption)]
3 - A Tree Leaf [Knot]: [Drawing]
We connect this way when exploding two charges at the same time, starting from the main branch of the explosive cord, or to ensure the charge explodes using two detonating cords.
4 - The Letter P Connector: [Drawing]
This connector is used when the direction of the explosive wave in the main
branch is not known.
5 - Letter Y Connector: [Drawing]
This method is also used when the direction of the explosive wave in the main branch is not known.
6 - Broken Chord Connector: [Drawing]
It is used when the time needed to prepare the charges is limited. Connect it with an explosive chord. Except for the problem of moisture, "Petan" causes a break in the fuse; it is not recommended to use this material for a period of more than 24 hours because of slackening of the two fuses, and they become separated.
7 - Letter U Connector: [Drawing]
It is the safest because the explosive wave transfers from the main line
to the parallel branch in both directions.
These consist of creative, innovative methods aimed at planting anti-personnel and anti-vehicle explosive charges, and the enemy is blown up as a result of normal movement without paying attention to what is around him. Booby traps are considered one of the best ways to execute an assassination operation against enemy personnel because we have gotten a long distance away from the site of the incident without leaving any evidence or trace enabling the enemy to know who were the perpetrators.
However, a brother should not be allowed the opportunity to work with setting booby traps until after he has mastered the use of explosives and has successfully worked in the electrical and mechanical fields, because the first mistake a brother makes could be his last mistake.
One of the most important considerations in placing a booby trap is to make the right choice of the appropriate switch that the enemy would not notice [and avoid his detecting] and removal of the charge.
Any sign of our work or presence in the area where the booby trap was placed must be removed, because any tools, pieces of electrical wire, tape etc. would put the enemy on the alert, and the plan and operation would fail.
Switches for traps and explosive charge housings are categorized as follows:
1 - Electrical
2 - Chemical
3 - Mechanical
4 - Friction
They can be divided into four groups:
A - For manual use: Pull - push - loosen - raise - drop.
B - Delayed (timed): Alarm clock - Temperature - Closed circuit (pressure
placed on the insulator until it burns and contact is made.)
C - Modifying Natural Circumstances:
Temperature - Smoke or Sensitive Gas - Sensitive Metal.
D - With the Influence of Waves: FM waves - Radio - Infrared Rays - ultraviolet - or Radar Waves.
[Drawing with the following captions : ]
Switch (above). Charge with blasting cap (to the right), Opening to be closed after the operation is over (beneath), and Battery (to the left).
The entire success of the switch [depends on] intelligence, innovation, and judgment.
The Appropriate Switch
The electric circuit is considered the best because it is timely, but its only flaw is a leaky battery.
We will now touch on various simple types of booby traps to make it easy for the brother to comprehend; we have not written any new ideas in order to help invent other more preferable methods.
1 - The charge goes off when the door opens after the target has pulled the insulation from between the contact points, and the electrical circuit is broken. If we want to kill the target, we put [the booby trap] over the door; if we want to cut off his legs or bring about permanent injuries to various parts of the body, we put it in the vicinity of the door.
[Drawing (on the left) with captions:]
Nine V Battery (upper right), insulation (upper left), the explosive charge (on the door), The personnel use a line fixed the wall, and it can make the charge explode as soon as soon as the prominent famous person is under it (to the left.)
[Drawing on the right (with captions:]
When the door is opened, the insulation is separated and the circuit is broken
(middle left), attached insulation (lower left), the explosive charge
2 - Igniting / closing the circuit:
When the electric switch is pushed, the circuit is connected and the charge explodes.
[Drawing and captions: ]
Electric switch (upper left), charge without a fuse (bottom right), and battery (bottom left).
3 - Booby-trapping a recorder and television:
The idea is based on closing the circuit to [cause] the explosion when the equipment is turned on. A battery is used when setting the trap for a radio or recorder that works on batteries or by a power cord to the radio or television switch.
4- Booby-Trapping a Car:
Close the electrical circuit and cause the explosion when the ignition key is turned to start the car. It is possible to use the car battery when setting this type of trap. Explosives placed in locations inside the car, in the back or front, cause the explosion to be centered inside the car.
[Drawing with captions:]
Ignition key (above)
Charge with detonator and explosives (beneath).
5 - Trap using an Alarm Clock:
[Drawing with captions:]
Explosive charge (upper right), battery (upper left) , flexible rubber wire (middle right), small [hour] hand (upper middle left), and the big [minute] hand (lower middle right).
According to the drawing, the charge will explode at 3:30 , when the small hand is on three and the big is on six. There must not be any insulation between the two hands. It is advisable to use a flexible rubber wire in front of the number three in case the big hand goes past it more than one time per hour.
6 - Time Bomb Using an Alarm Clock:
[Drawing (with captions):]
Charge without a fuse (above) and battery (upper left).
The explosion takes place when the time is reached, the alarm goes off, and the two electric wires make contact.
7 - It is also possible to booby trap a car by connecting two wires from the battery. One of the blasting cap wires makes contact with the wire connected to the battery, and the other wire connects to the line and is also connected to-the fan. The wire connected to the battery does the same thing. When the ignition key is turned, the blade rotates, and the two sides connect, closing the circuit.
8 - There are very many things one could use in a very simple way to set
a trap, like: shoes, bed etc.
Examples of Assassination Operations Using Explosives:
1 - Blowing up a building or motorcade using a car bomb, whereby the driver of the car loaded with explosives blows up his [illegible-possibly car].
An Actual Example:
Some of the brothers in Egypt tried to blow up the motorcade of the former Minister of the Interior's vehicle (2 I B ) by putting 200 kilograms of TNT in a pick-up truck. When the minister's car was seen, the brother approached in his car and blew up the car. However, it didn't cause an explosion in the car, and it was confirmed afterward that the explosives didn't go off because no catalyst was placed with the large quantity of explosives. The explosives ignited but they did not explode.
2 - Throwing one or more bombs into a group of enemy personnel or into the target's car:
An Actual Example:
Personnel from the Covert Branch of the Muslim Brotherhood threw some bombs into [some] stores and bars.on the evening of January 7, 1947 at 11:00 pm.
3 - Blowing up a location or car with a time bomb.
Some Palestinians were able to place a time bomb inside an aircraft's radio, and after the aircraft took off it blew up in the air.
It is also possible to explode a time bomb using the timer from a washing
machine or any other device (a fan, etc.); at a specified time, the two wires
make contact and the charge explodes.
Assassinations Using cold Steel.
A- Assassination with a knife: When undertaking any assassination using a knife, the enemy must be struck in one of these lethal spots:
From the Front:
1- Anywhere in the rib cage.
1- The axon (back of the head).
B- Assassination with a Blunt Object: A blow with a club must be in lethal areas.
From the front:
1- The two eyes.
From the rear:
1- The area of the left ear.
(TN: Blunt object, stick, and club were all the same word in Arabic; different choices were made, to show range of meaning.)
Assassination with a Rope:
1- Choking (Neck area). There is no other area besides the neck.
Assassination using Hands:
3- Grab the testicles by the hand and twist and squeeze.
Assassination with Poison: We will limit (the discussion] to poisons that the holy warrior can prepare and use without endangering his health.
First- Herbal Poisons:
A- Castor Beans
The substance Ricin, an extract from Castor Beans, is considered one of the most deadly poisons. .035 milligrams is enough to kill someone by inhaling or by injecting in a vein. However, though considered less poisonous if taken through the digestive system, chewing some Castor Beans could be fatal. It is a simple operation to extract Ricin, and Castor Beans themselves can be obtained from nurseries throughout the country.
Symptoms: Need to vomit - diarrhea - unawareness of surroundings - the skin turns blue, leading to failure of blood circulation [sic] and finally ... death.
B- Precatory Beans
The herbal poison Abrin, extracted from Precatory Beans, is very similar
to Ricin. The seeds of this plant are red and black and are used in prayer
beads [TN: like a Rosary]. Prepare a very dark ink or refine some normal
D/M/ /S/ /O/
[Can be] found with horse breeders or veterinarians, and we can substitute Nitrobenzene or "cream" [PH]. The poison is mixed with this substance, and when the enemy touches the poison, he will die slowly within 15 minutes to an hour.
Nitrobenzene poison = external poison [by touching]
RICIN | One of these poisons is | ABIN | mixed with Nitrobenzene or | RCIN | DMSO or the "Cream". Frog poison ___|
be as fine as possible while keeping it strong enough to penetrate the shell of Precatory Beans. Put on a pair of leather gloves and very carefully bore about twelve holes in each of the prayer beads. After completing that, spray the prayer beads with DMSO (Dimehtyl Sulfoxide). The Abrin will kill your victim slowly, but relentlessly.
Extracting Abrin and Ricin
In order to facilitate removing the shells of these seeds, soak 3.2 ounces (an ounce = 31.1 milligrams) of castor-oil plant seeds in about 10 ounces of water, adding two teaspoons of lye or an alkaline (a substance extracted from soap powder). You need to submerge the seeds in the water, so cover them with clean gravel or use marble. Let them soak for an hour, then take out the seeds, clean them, and let the shells dry. They can be easily removed after that.
Put the shelled seeds in a mixture four times their weight of acetone, until
they completely harden, Then put them in a covered glass container, and leave
them for 72 hours. After that, transfer them to another container through
a coffee filter. Put on surgical gloves and a mask, and squeeze out as much
of the acetone as possible. Then add fresh acetone and repeat
the procedure of leaving them for 72 hours and straining them through a coffee filter two more times. The final result will be pure Eysein [PH] or Abrin.
C- The Water Hemlock Plant
A lethal dose is 3.2 grams. It has a palatable taste, and is very similar to another plant, parsnip.
Symptoms: Nervous spasms within 15 to 60 minutes, including severe locking and clenching of the jaw to the extent that the tongue could be cut off.
D- The Tanj Oil Tree
Second- Semi-alkaline substances: They are highly solvent in alcohol.
There is enough nicotine in three cigarettes to kill a person. Sixty to 70 milligrams of pure nicotine will kill a person within an hour if eaten.
B- Potato Sprout
The potato sprout (both rotten and green) contains Solanine.
How to Extract Poisonous Alkaline [Alkaloids]
Chop up the leaves finely. It is preferable to make a mixture, and then put
it in a drip coffee maker, through which the boiling water can penetrate
the coffee gradually.
Fill a metal pot with about 1/3 rubbing (isopropy[l]), alcohol mixed with Isopropyl. Let it strain and percolate for an hour. During the first half hour, add alcohol as needed, and during the second half hour, let it boil until you have two ounces left in the container. These, [two] ounces or [could be] less are alcohol mixed with poison alkaline. Put this amount on a plate, and let the alcohol evaporate. The remainder on the plate will be very pure poison. There is another method which is not as good, but it doesn't require the drip coffee maker. It is simply heating the minced and mixed plants with the alcohol [we had] before over a low flame. Its symptoms will appear in 160 days.
Poisoning from Eating Spoiled Food
Since .000028 grams will kill a person, this poison is absolutely lethal. After consumption, the symptoms appear in 12 to 36 hours. They include dizziness, headaches, constipation, difficulty swallowing and speaking, fluids coming from the nose and mouth, and lack of muscle coordination. It results in death from respiratory failure. If it is received in the blood stream, death is very swift and almost without symptoms.
How to Prepare Spoiled Food Fill a pot with corn and green beans.
Put in a small piece of meat and about two spoonfuls of fresh excrement.
Pour the water
into the pot until there is surface tension at the lip of the pot. Cover
the pot tightly. If you do that correctly, there will be no air trapped in
the pot. Leave the pot in a dark, moderately warm room for 15 days. At the
end of that period, you will notice a substance on the edge of the pot, and
a small amount of rottenness. These are known bacteria colonies, which secrete
their external poison as a result of the process of bacterial digestion.
You can make three or four pots at the same time. During the time of the
destroyer, Jamal Abdul Nasser, someone who was being severely tortured in
prison (he had no connection with Islam), ate some feces after losing sanity
from the severity of the torture. A few hours after he ate the feces, he
was found dead.
INTERROGATION AND INVESTIGATION
Fundamental Differences Between Interrogation and Questioning: Many people confuse the nature of the interrogation with that of questioning, and confuse what should be mentioned in the interrogation with that of the investigation.
Interrogation: Consists of a psychological warfare and intellectual combat between the intelligence agent and the suspect through questions and answers related to one or more topics. The interrogation uses all kinds of physical and psychological techniques to break the will of the suspect and lead him to a total collapse. The agency that conducts the interrogation is the government's questioning apparatus that belongs to the Ministry of Interior Affairs. The officers of tht apparatus graduate from the police academy. In our country, that apparatus has no values or code of ethics. It does not hesitate to use all kinds of torture and bodily and emotional harm to obtain evidence that could incriminate the suspect.
Questioning: Questioning is similar to interrogation in that they are both forms of psychological warfare and intellectual combat. The questioning, however, is conducted by the prosecution [office of district attorney], which is under the judicial branch. That authority is (apparently) independent from the government (executive branch) and from the people's parliament (legislative branch). The prosecution officials graduate from law school and use the technique of confrontation and repeated questioning, but without torture.
The brother should take the following measures:
1. Under pressure of torture in the custody of the questioning apparatus, the brother may reveal some secrets. However, in the custody of the prosecution, the interrogation does not use physical force, but may use psychological coercion (threats and harsh words).
2. In publicized cases, the questioning apparatus is careful not to allow the brother to talk in the district attorney's office. Coordination takes place between the questioning apparatus and the prosecution office. Torture of the brother takes place once again in the questioning apparatus [center] to force him to confess in the prosecution center. That may be repeated more than once, until the brother confesses or they give up. The important thing to remember is that whatever the brother says in the prosecution center will be recorded against him and will be the basis for his judgement.
3. Every word that the brother utters in the prosecution center makes a negative impact on him, on his colleagues, and later, on the judgement and major decisions.
When taken to the prosecution office, the brother should do the following:
a. He should, prior to questioning and whether or not he has injuries, ask the prosecutor or his representative to be seen by the medical examiner.
release, for not prosecuting him, etc. They start deceiving the brother by saying that his refusal to talk or write means that he is afraid of revealing dangerous secrets he possesses.
Torture Methods: Secret agents use two methods of torture: A. Physical torture. B. Psychological torture
A. Method of Physical Torture:
1. Blindfolding and stripping of clothes.
food and drink. After the brother drinks or eats the fruit, his hands and penis will be tied so the brother will not be able to urinate.
B. Methods of Psychological Torture:
1. Isolating the brother socially, cutting him off from public life, placing him in solitary confinement, and denying him news and information in order to make him feel lonely.
9. Controlling everything the brother does, even in private, whether he is awake or asleep, to convince him that they are in charge. They would force him to bow his head and look down while talking with the guards.
Further, let no one think that the aforementioned techniques are fabrications of our imagination, or that we copied them from spy stories. On the contrary, these are factual incidents in the prisons of Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, and all other Arab countries. Those who follow daily events and read the newspapers and journals would be amazed to learn that:
security personnel totally undressed veiled women in public. The security personnel arrested a brother's mother, a brother's sister, and a brother's wife and raped them.
The stories are numerous and there is intense torture while Muslims are in deep sleep.
O young men waging a holy war for the sake of Allah, there is still hope
in you. Your country awaits you, your brothers await you, your wives wait
you, the Muslim hostages await you.
Advice Taken from the book "Mothakkarat Fida'i Aire8" [Memoirs of a Captured Commando]: Concerning interrogation and questioning, paraphrased.
8 This book is the memoirs of an Iranian Communist. All brothers should read it.
1. While being taken to the interrogation and torture areas, one should concentrate heavily on the route and try to memorize any signs in order to benefit operations and plan development.
2. In the beginning of the interrogation, a security officer (interrogator) would come to you with fatherly advice, deceitful phrases, and "crocodile tears" so you might confess and tell them everything.
3. It is necessary to secretly discard any document related to the work or anything else considered criminal evidence against you. Better, do not carry any documents concerning the work.
4. From the first moment in captivity, the brother should proudly take a firm and opposing position against the enemy and not obey the orders. The more firm and opposing the reaction, the more beneficial it is. These reactions will not lead to harsher treatment. Do not give the enemy an opportunity or an opening.
5. During the torture process, pretend that the pain is severe by bending over and crying loudly.
6. As torture intensifies, its end nears.
7. Between torture sessions, the officers bargain with brother and entice
him with ending the torture if he supplies them with any information.
8. During the torture session, the counseling preacher may become a vicious beast.
9. The one who gives one piece of information to avoid the lashes of whips is deluding himself because the torture would intensify.
10. It is necessary that each brother plan for his interrogation and discuss it with his commander. He may be captured one day.
11. When I talk while under torture, I do not mention unknown dates and places to the security personnel, but well known ones.
12. When I mention dates or names, it is important to memorize them because they will ask about them again to know if I was truthful.
13. Pretending to be naive and ignorant during the questioning may lead to diverging from the plan, because all factors are against the brother: The place, the people, the situation. That leads to some or all the outcomes desired by the enemy. That is, it is important to remain psychologically and mentally calm and to maintain alertness and foresight.
14. Detailing events during the questioning, whether verbally or in writing, directly increases the crime. That person's situation is just like someone who falls in a swamp [quick sand]: the more he tries to save himself, the deeper he sinks.
15. The less information supplied during the torture, the lighter the judgement will be.
16. A devastating mistake that results in harsh judgement is that of a brother
revealing information to others in his cell
not revealed during the torture. This is especially true when the interrogation is still going on, his fate has been determined, and the case has not been closed.
17. Relating experiences should not take place prior to the judgement, but after it.
18. The interrogators may resort to planting suspicion and mistrust among the brothers. They may pretend that they have a friendly relationship with one of the brothers. It is necessary to think well of one another.
19. Do not accept humiliation and disgrace. Disobey orders and oppose them.
20. It is important to coordinate with your brothers before executing any operation (security plan).
21. The security personnel may leave you for long periods of time without asking you any questions in order to break your will and determination.
22. During the interrogation, say only the things that you agreed upon with
your commander. Do not be concerned about other brothers.
UK/BM-176 TO UK/BM-180 TRANSLATION
PRISONS AND DETENTION CENTERS
IF AN INDICTMENT IS ISSUED AND THE TRIAL, BEGINS, THE BROTHER HAS TO PAY ATTENTION TO THE FOLLOWING:
1. At the beginning of the trial, once more the brothers must insist on proving that torture was inflicted on them by State Security [investigators] before the judge.
2. Complain [to the court] of mistreatment while in prison.
3. Make arrangements for the brothers defense with the attorney, whether he was retained by the brothers family or court-appointed.
4. The brother has to do his best to know the names of the state security officers, who participated in his torture and mention their names to the judge. [These names may be obtained from brothers who had to deal with those officers in previous cases.]
5. Some brothers may tell and may be lured by the state security investigators to testify against the brothers [i.e. affirmation witness], either by not keeping them together in the same prison during the trials, or by letting them talk to the media. In this case,they have to be treated gently, and should be offered good advice, good treatment, and pray that God may guide them.
6. During the trial, the court has to be notified of any mistreatment of the brothers inside the prison.
7. It is possible to resort to a hunger strike, but it is a tactic that can either succeed or fail.
8. Take advantage of visits to communicate with brothers outside prison and exchange information that may be helpful to them in their work outside prison [according to what occurred during the investigations]. The importance of mastering the art of hiding messages is self evident here.
- When the brothers are transported from and to the prison [on their way to the court] they should shout Islamic slogans out loud from inside the prison cars to impress upon the people and their family the need to support Islam.
- Inside the prison, the brother should not accept any work that may belittle or demean him or his brothers, such as the cleaning of the prison bathrooms or hallways.
- The brothers should create an Islamic program for themselves inside the prison, as well as recreational and educational ones, etc.
- The brother in prison should be a role model in selflessness. Brothers should also pay attention to each others needs and should help each other and unite vis a vis the prison officers.
- The brothers must take advantage of their presence in prison for obeying and worshiping [God] and memorizing the Qoraan, etc. This is in addition to all guidelines and procedures that were contained in the lesson on interrogation and investigation. Lastly, each of us has to understand that we dont achieve victory against our enemies through these actions and security procedures. Rather, victory is achieved by obeying Almighty and Glorious God and because of their many sins. Every brother has to be careful so as not to commit sins and everyone of us has to do his best in obeying Almighty God, Who said in his Holy Book: We will, without doubt, help Our messengers and those who believe (both) in this worlds life and the one Day when the Witnesses will stand forth.
May God guide us.
To this pure Muslim youth, the believer, the mujahid (fighter) for Gods sake. I present this modest effort as a contribution from me to pave the way that will lead to Almighty God and to establish a caliphate along the lines of the prophet.
The prophet, peace be upon him, said according to what was related by Imam Ahmed: Let the prophecy that God wants be in you, yet God may remove it if He so wills, and then there will be a Caliphate according to the prophets path [instruction], if God so wills it. He will also remove that [the Caliphate] if He so wills, and you will have a disobedient king if God so wills it. Once again, if God so wills, He will remove him [the disobedient king], and you will have an oppressive lung. [Finally], if God so wills, He will remove him [the oppressive king], and you will have a Caliphate according to the prophets path [instruction]. He then became silent.
THE IMPORTANCE OF TEAM WORK:
1. Team work is the only translation of Gods command, as well as that of the prophet, to unite and not to disunite. Almighty God says, And hold fast, all together, by the Rope which Allah (stretches out for you), and be not divided among yourselves. In Sahih Muslim, it was reported by Abu Horairah, may Allah look kindly upon him, that the prophet, may Allahs peace and greetings be upon him, said: Allah approves three [things] for you and disapproves three [things]: He approves that you worship him, that you do not disbelieve in Him, and that you hold fast, all together, by the Rope which Allah, and be not divided among yourselves. He disapproves of three: gossip, asking too much [for help], and squandering money.
2. Abandoning team work for individual and haphazard work means disobeying that orders of God and the prophet and falling victim to disunity.
3. Team work is conducive to cooperation in righteousness and piety.
4. Upholding religion, which God has ordered us by His saying, Uphold religion, will necessarily require an all out confrontation against all our enemies, who want to recreate darkness. In addition, it is imperative to stand against darkness in all arenas: the media, education, [religious] guidance, and counseling, as well as others. This will make it necessary for us to move on numerous fields so as to enable the Islamic movement to confront ignorance and achieve victory against it in the battle to uphold religion. All these vital goals can not be adequately achieved without organized team work. Therefore, team work becomes a necessity, in accordance with the fundamental rule, Duty cannot be accomplished without it, and it is a requirement. This way, team work is achieved through mustering and organizing the ranks, while putting the Amir (the Prince) before them, and the right man in the right place, making plans for action, organizing work, and obtaining facets of power......
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